Job 3:15
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
or with princes who had gold, who filled their houses with silver.

King James Bible
Or with princes that had gold, who filled their houses with silver:

American Standard Version
Or with princes that had gold, Who filled their houses with silver:

Douay-Rheims Bible
Or with princes, that possess gold, and All their houses with silver:

English Revised Version
Or with princes that had gold, who filled their houses with silver:

Webster's Bible Translation
Or with princes that had gold, who filled their houses with silver:

Job 3:15 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

6 That night! let darkness seize upon it;

Let it not rejoice among the days of the year;

Let it not come into the number of the month.

7 Lo! let that night become barren;

Let no sound of gladness come to it.

8 Let those who curse the day curse it,

Who are skilled in stirring up leviathan.

9 Let the stars of its early twilight be darkened;

Let it long for light and there be none;

And let it not refresh itself with eyelids of the dawn.

Darkness is so to seize it, and so completely swallow it up, that it shall not be possible for it to pass into the light of day. It is not to become a day, to be reckoned as belonging to the days of the year and rejoice in the light thereof. יחדּ, for יחדּ, fut. Kal from חדה (Exodus 18:9), with Dagesh lene retained, and a helping Pathach (vid., Ges. 75, rem. 3, d); the reverse of the passage Genesis 49:6, where יחד, from יחד, uniat se, is found. It is to become barren, גּלמוּד, so that no human being shall ever be conceived and born, and greeted joyfully in it.

(Note: Fries understands רננה, song of the spheres (concentum coeli, Job 38:37, Vulg.); but this Hellenic conception is without support in holy Scripture.)

"Those who curse days" are magicians who know how to change days into dies infausti by their incantations. According to vulgar superstition, from which the imagery of Job 3:8 is borrowed, there was a special art of exciting the dragon, which is the enemy of sun and moon, against them both, so that, by its devouring them, total darkness prevails. The dragon is called in Hindu râhu; the Chinese, and also the natives of Algeria, even at the present day make a wild tumult with drums and copper vessels when an eclipse of the sun or moon occurs, until the dragon will release his prey.

(Note: On the dragon rhu, that swallows up sun and moon, vid., Pott, in the Hallische Lit. Zeitschr. 1849, No. 199; on the custom of the Chinese, Kuffer, Das chinesische Volk, S. 123. A similar custom among the natives of Algeria I have read of in a newspaper (1856). Moreover, the clouds which conceal the sky the Indians represent as a serpent. It is ahi, the cloud-serpent, which Indra chases away when he divides the clouds with his lightning. Vid., Westergaard in Weber's Indischer Zeitschr. 1855, S. 417.)


Job 3:15 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

who filled their houses. That is, 'the covetous, whom nothing can satisfy,' as the poet Saady has observed, 'but the dust that fills his mouth, when laid in the grave.'

Job 22:25 Yes, the Almighty shall be your defense, and you shall have plenty of silver.

Job 27:16 Though he heap up silver as the dust, and prepare raiment as the clay;

Numbers 22:18 And Balaam answered and said to the servants of Balak, If Balak would give me his house full of silver and gold...

1 Kings 10:27 And the king made silver to be in Jerusalem as stones, and cedars made he to be as the sycomore trees that are in the vale...

Isaiah 2:7 Their land also is full of silver and gold, neither is there any end of their treasures; their land is also full of horses...

Zephaniah 1:18 Neither their silver nor their gold shall be able to deliver them in the day of the LORD's wrath...

Zechariah 9:3 And Tyrus did build herself a strong hold, and heaped up silver as the dust, and fine gold as the mire of the streets.

Cross References
Job 3:16
Or why was I not as a hidden stillborn child, as infants who never see the light?

Job 12:21
He pours contempt on princes and loosens the belt of the strong.

Job 27:16
Though he heap up silver like dust, and pile up clothing like clay,

Job 27:17
he may pile it up, but the righteous will wear it, and the innocent will divide the silver.

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