Job 3:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The small and the great are there, and the slave is free from his master.

King James Bible
The small and great are there; and the servant is free from his master.

American Standard Version
The small and the great are there: And the servant is free from his master.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The small and great are there, and the servant is free from his master.

English Revised Version
The small and great are there; and the servant is free from his master.

Webster's Bible Translation
The small and great are there; and the servant is free from his master.

Job 3:19 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

13 So should I now have lain and had quiet,

I should have slept, then it would have been well with me,

14 With kings and councillors of the earth,

Who built ruins for themselves,

15 Or with princes possessing gold,

Who filled their houses with silver:

16 Or like a hidden untimely birth I had not been,

And as children that have never seen the light.

The perf. and interchanging fut. have the signification of oriental imperfecta conjunctivi, according to Ges. 126, 5; עתּה כּי is the usual expression after hypothetical clauses, and takes the perf. if the preceding clause specifies a condition which has not occurred in the past (Genesis 31:42; Genesis 43:10; Numbers 22:29, Numbers 22:33; 1 Samuel 14:30), the fut. if a condition is not existing in the present (Job 6:3; Job 8:6; Job 13:19). It is not to be translated: for then; כי rather commences the clause following: so I should now, indeed then I should. Ruins, הרבות, are uninhabited desolate buildings, elsewhere such as have become, here such as are from the first intended to remain, uninhabited and desolate, consequently sepulchres, mausoleums; probably, since the book has Egyptian allusions, in other passages also, a play upon the pyramids, in whose name (III-XPAM, according to Coptic glossaries) III is the Egyptian article (vid., Bunsen, Aeg. ii. 361); Arab. without the art. hirâm or ahrâm (vid., Abdollatf, ed. de Sacy, p. 293, s.).

(Note: We think that חרבות sounds rather like חרמות, the name of the pyramids, as the Arabic haram (instead of hharam), derived from XPAM, recalls harmân (e.g., beith harmân, a house in ruins), the synonym of hhardân (חרבאן).)

Also Renan: Qui se btissent des mausoles. Bttch. de inferis, 298 (who, however, prefers to read רחבות, wide streets), rightly directs attention to the difference between החרבות בנה (to rebuild the ruins) and לו בנה ח (to build ruins for one's self). With או like things are then ranged after one another. Builders of the pyramids, millionaires, abortions (vid., Ecclesiastes 6:3), and the still-born: all these are removed from the sufferings of this life in their quiet of the grave, be their grave a "ruin" gazed upon by their descendants, or a hole dug out in the earth, and again filled in as it was before.

Job 3:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

The small.

Job 30:23 For I know that you will bring me to death, and to the house appointed for all living.

Psalm 49:2,6-10 Both low and high, rich and poor, together...

Ecclesiastes 8:8 There is no man that has power over the spirit to retain the spirit; neither has he power in the day of death...

Ecclesiastes 12:5,7 Also when they shall be afraid of that which is high, and fears shall be in the way, and the almond tree shall flourish...

Luke 16:22,23 And it came to pass, that the beggar died, and was carried by the angels into Abraham's bosom: the rich man also died, and was buried...

Hebrews 9:27 And as it is appointed to men once to die, but after this the judgment:

and the servant.

Psalm 49:14-20 Like sheep they are laid in the grave; death shall feed on them; and the upright shall have dominion over them in the morning...

Cross References
Job 3:18
There the prisoners are at ease together; they hear not the voice of the taskmaster.

Job 3:20
"Why is light given to him who is in misery, and life to the bitter in soul,

Job 21:33
The clods of the valley are sweet to him; all mankind follows after him, and those who go before him are innumerable.

Job 30:23
For I know that you will bring me to death and to the house appointed for all living.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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