Job 3:20
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“Why is light given to him who is in misery, and life to the bitter in soul,

King James Bible
Wherefore is light given to him that is in misery, and life unto the bitter in soul;

American Standard Version
Wherefore is light given to him that is in misery, And life unto the bitter in soul;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Why is light given to him that is in misery, and life to them that are in bitterness of soul?

English Revised Version
Wherefore is light given to him that is in misery, and life unto the bitter in soul;

Webster's Bible Translation
Why is light given to him that is in misery, and life to the bitter in soul;

Job 3:20 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

13 So should I now have lain and had quiet,

I should have slept, then it would have been well with me,

14 With kings and councillors of the earth,

Who built ruins for themselves,

15 Or with princes possessing gold,

Who filled their houses with silver:

16 Or like a hidden untimely birth I had not been,

And as children that have never seen the light.

The perf. and interchanging fut. have the signification of oriental imperfecta conjunctivi, according to Ges. 126, 5; עתּה כּי is the usual expression after hypothetical clauses, and takes the perf. if the preceding clause specifies a condition which has not occurred in the past (Genesis 31:42; Genesis 43:10; Numbers 22:29, Numbers 22:33; 1 Samuel 14:30), the fut. if a condition is not existing in the present (Job 6:3; Job 8:6; Job 13:19). It is not to be translated: for then; כי rather commences the clause following: so I should now, indeed then I should. Ruins, הרבות, are uninhabited desolate buildings, elsewhere such as have become, here such as are from the first intended to remain, uninhabited and desolate, consequently sepulchres, mausoleums; probably, since the book has Egyptian allusions, in other passages also, a play upon the pyramids, in whose name (III-XPAM, according to Coptic glossaries) III is the Egyptian article (vid., Bunsen, Aeg. ii. 361); Arab. without the art. hirâm or ahrâm (vid., Abdollatf, ed. de Sacy, p. 293, s.).

(Note: We think that חרבות sounds rather like חרמות, the name of the pyramids, as the Arabic haram (instead of hharam), derived from XPAM, recalls harmân (e.g., beith harmân, a house in ruins), the synonym of hhardân (חרבאן).)

Also Renan: Qui se btissent des mausoles. Bttch. de inferis, 298 (who, however, prefers to read רחבות, wide streets), rightly directs attention to the difference between החרבות בנה (to rebuild the ruins) and לו בנה ח (to build ruins for one's self). With או like things are then ranged after one another. Builders of the pyramids, millionaires, abortions (vid., Ecclesiastes 6:3), and the still-born: all these are removed from the sufferings of this life in their quiet of the grave, be their grave a "ruin" gazed upon by their descendants, or a hole dug out in the earth, and again filled in as it was before.

Job 3:20 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Wherefore.

Job 6:9 Even that it would please God to destroy me; that he would let loose his hand, and cut me off!

Job 7:15,16 So that my soul chooses strangling, and death rather than my life...

Jeremiah 20:18 Why came I forth out of the womb to see labor and sorrow, that my days should be consumed with shame?

light.

Job 3:16 Or as an hidden untimely birth I had not been; as infants which never saw light.

Job 33:28,30 He will deliver his soul from going into the pit, and his life shall see the light...

the bitter.

Job 7:15,16 So that my soul chooses strangling, and death rather than my life...

1 Samuel 1:10 And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed to the LORD, and wept sore.

2 Kings 4:27 And when she came to the man of God to the hill, she caught him by the feet: but Gehazi came near to thrust her away...

Proverbs 31:6 Give strong drink to him that is ready to perish, and wine to those that be of heavy hearts.

Cross References
Job 3:19
The small and the great are there, and the slave is free from his master.

Proverbs 31:6
Give strong drink to the one who is perishing, and wine to those in bitter distress;

Jeremiah 20:18
Why did I come out from the womb to see toil and sorrow, and spend my days in shame?

Jump to Previous
Bitter Light Miserable Misery Soul Suffers Trouble Wherefore Wherewith
Jump to Next
Bitter Light Miserable Misery Soul Suffers Trouble Wherefore Wherewith
Links
Job 3:20 NIV
Job 3:20 NLT
Job 3:20 ESV
Job 3:20 NASB
Job 3:20 KJV

Job 3:20 Bible Apps
Job 3:20 Biblia Paralela
Job 3:20 Chinese Bible
Job 3:20 French Bible
Job 3:20 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Job 3:19
Top of Page
Top of Page