Job 3:21
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
who long for death, but it comes not, and dig for it more than for hidden treasures,

King James Bible
Which long for death, but it cometh not; and dig for it more than for hid treasures;

American Standard Version
Who long for death, but it cometh not, And dig for it more than for hid treasures;

Douay-Rheims Bible
That look for death, and it cometh not, as they that dig for a treasure:

English Revised Version
Which long for death, but it cometh not; and dig for it more than for hid treasures;

Webster's Bible Translation
Who long for death, but it cometh not; and dig for it more than for hid treasures;

Job 3:21 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

13 So should I now have lain and had quiet,

I should have slept, then it would have been well with me,

14 With kings and councillors of the earth,

Who built ruins for themselves,

15 Or with princes possessing gold,

Who filled their houses with silver:

16 Or like a hidden untimely birth I had not been,

And as children that have never seen the light.

The perf. and interchanging fut. have the signification of oriental imperfecta conjunctivi, according to Ges. 126, 5; עתּה כּי is the usual expression after hypothetical clauses, and takes the perf. if the preceding clause specifies a condition which has not occurred in the past (Genesis 31:42; Genesis 43:10; Numbers 22:29, Numbers 22:33; 1 Samuel 14:30), the fut. if a condition is not existing in the present (Job 6:3; Job 8:6; Job 13:19). It is not to be translated: for then; כי rather commences the clause following: so I should now, indeed then I should. Ruins, הרבות, are uninhabited desolate buildings, elsewhere such as have become, here such as are from the first intended to remain, uninhabited and desolate, consequently sepulchres, mausoleums; probably, since the book has Egyptian allusions, in other passages also, a play upon the pyramids, in whose name (III-XPAM, according to Coptic glossaries) III is the Egyptian article (vid., Bunsen, Aeg. ii. 361); Arab. without the art. hirâm or ahrâm (vid., Abdollatf, ed. de Sacy, p. 293, s.).

(Note: We think that חרבות sounds rather like חרמות, the name of the pyramids, as the Arabic haram (instead of hharam), derived from XPAM, recalls harmân (e.g., beith harmân, a house in ruins), the synonym of hhardân (חרבאן).)

Also Renan: Qui se btissent des mausoles. Bttch. de inferis, 298 (who, however, prefers to read רחבות, wide streets), rightly directs attention to the difference between החרבות בנה (to rebuild the ruins) and לו בנה ח (to build ruins for one's self). With או like things are then ranged after one another. Builders of the pyramids, millionaires, abortions (vid., Ecclesiastes 6:3), and the still-born: all these are removed from the sufferings of this life in their quiet of the grave, be their grave a "ruin" gazed upon by their descendants, or a hole dug out in the earth, and again filled in as it was before.

Job 3:21 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

long. Heb. wait.

Numbers 11:15 And if you deal thus with me, kill me, I pray you, out of hand, if I have found favor in your sight...

1 Kings 19:4 But he himself went a day's journey into the wilderness, and came and sat down under a juniper tree...

Jonah 4:3,8 Therefore now, O LORD, take, I beseech you, my life from me; for it is better for me to die than to live...

Revelation 9:6 And in those days shall men seek death, and shall not find it; and shall desire to die, and death shall flee from them.

dig.

Proverbs 2:4 If you seek her as silver, and search for her as for hid treasures;

Cross References
Revelation 9:6
And in those days people will seek death and will not find it. They will long to die, but death will flee from them.

Job 3:22
who rejoice exceedingly and are glad when they find the grave?

Proverbs 2:4
if you seek it like silver and search for it as for hidden treasures,

Jeremiah 8:3
Death shall be preferred to life by all the remnant that remains of this evil family in all the places where I have driven them, declares the LORD of hosts.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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