Job 3:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Let those curse it who curse the day, who are ready to rouse up Leviathan.

King James Bible
Let them curse it that curse the day, who are ready to raise up their mourning.

American Standard Version
Let them curse it that curse the day, Who are ready to rouse up leviathan.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Let them curse it who curse the day. who are ready to raise up a leviathan:

English Revised Version
Let them curse it that curse the day, who are ready to rouse up leviathan.

Webster's Bible Translation
Let them curse it that curse the day, who are ready to raise up their mourning.

Job 3:8 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Job 3:2 consists only of three words, which are separated by Rebia; and ויאמר, although Milel, is vocalized ויּאמר, because the usual form ויּאמר, which always immediately precedes direct narration, is not well suited to close the verse. ענה, signifies to begin to speak from some previous incitement, as the New Testament ἀποκρίνεσθαι (not always equals השׁיב) is also sometimes used.

(Note: Vid., on this use of ἀποκρίνεσθαι, Quaestio xxi. of the Amphilochia of Photius in Ang. Maji Collectio, i.229f.)

The following utterance of Job, with which the poetic accentuation begins, is analysed by modern critics as follows: Job 3:3-10, Job 3:11-19, Job 3:20-26. Schlottmann calls it three strophes, Hahn three parts, in the first of which delirious cursing of life is expressed; in the second, eager longing for death; in the third, reproachful inquiry after the end of such a life of suffering. In reality they are not strophes. Nevertheless Ebrard is wrong when he maintains that, in general, strophe-structure is as little to be found in the book of Job as in Wallenstein's Monologue. The poetical part of the book of Job is throughout strophic, so far as the nature of the drama admits it. So also even this first speech. Stickel has correctly traced out its divisions; but accidentally, for he has reckoned according to the Masoretic verses. That this is false, he is now fully aware; also Ewald, in his Essay on Strophes in the Book of Job, is almost misled into this groundless reckoning of the strophes according to the Masoretic verses (Jahrb. iii. X. 118, Anm. 3). The strophe-schema of the following speech is as follows: 8. 10. 6. 8. 6. 8. 6. The translation will show how unmistakeably it may be known. In the translation we have followed the complete lines of the original, and their rhythm: the iambic pentameter into which Ebrard, and still earlier Hosse (1849), have translated, disguises the oriental Hebrew poetry of the book with its variegated richness of form in a western uniform, the monotonous impression of which is not, as elsewhere, counter-balanced in the book of Job by the change of external action. After the translation we give the grammatical explanation of each strophe; and at the conclusion of the speech thus translated and explained, its higher exposition, i.e., its artistic importance in the connection of the drama, and its theological importance in relation to the Old and New Testament religion and religious life.

Job 3:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

who are ready.

2 Chronicles 35:25 And Jeremiah lamented for Josiah: and all the singing men and the singing women spoke of Josiah in their lamentations to this day...

Jeremiah 9:17,18 Thus said the LORD of hosts, Consider you, and call for the mourning women, that they may come; and send for cunning women...

Amos 5:16 Therefore the LORD, the God of hosts, the LORD, said thus; Wailing shall be in all streets; and they shall say in all the highways...

Matthew 11:17 And saying, We have piped to you, and you have not danced; we have mourned to you, and you have not lamented.

Mark 5:38 And he comes to the house of the ruler of the synagogue, and sees the tumult, and them that wept and wailed greatly.

their mourning. or, a leviathan.

Job 41:1,10 Can you draw out leviathan with an hook? or his tongue with a cord which you let down...

Cross References
Job 3:7
Behold, let that night be barren; let no joyful cry enter it.

Job 3:9
Let the stars of its dawn be dark; let it hope for light, but have none, nor see the eyelids of the morning,

Job 41:1
"Can you draw out Leviathan with a fishhook or press down his tongue with a cord?

Job 41:10
No one is so fierce that he dares to stir him up. Who then is he who can stand before me?

Job 41:25
When he raises himself up, the mighty are afraid; at the crashing they are beside themselves.

Isaiah 27:1
In that day the LORD with his hard and great and strong sword will punish Leviathan the fleeing serpent, Leviathan the twisting serpent, and he will slay the dragon that is in the sea.

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