Job 31:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“I have made a covenant with my eyes; how then could I gaze at a virgin?

King James Bible
I made a covenant with mine eyes; why then should I think upon a maid?

American Standard Version
I made a covenant with mine eyes; How then should I look upon a virgin?

Douay-Rheims Bible
I made a covenant with my eyes, that I would not so much as think upon a virgin.

English Revised Version
I MADE a covenant with mine eyes; how then should I look upon a maid?

Webster's Bible Translation
I Made a covenant with my eyes; why then should I think upon a maid?

Job 31:1 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The further progress of the thoughts seems to be well carried out only by our rendering of Job 30:24. The manifestation of feeling - Job means to say - which he himself felt at the misfortune of others, will be still permitted to him in his own misfortune, the seeking of compassion from the sympathising: or have I not wept for the hard of day? i.e., him whose lot in life is hard (comp. Arab. qası̂y, durus, miser); did not my soul grieve for the needy? Here, also, לא from Job 30:25 continues its effect (comp. Job 3:10; Job 28:17); עגם is ἅπ. γεγρ., of like signification with אגם, whence אגם Isaiah 19:10, אגמה (sadness) b. Mod katan 14b, Arab. agima, to feel disgust. If the relation of Job 30:25 to Job 30:24 is confirmatory, Job 30:26 and what follows refers directly to Job 30:24 : he who felt sympathy with the sufferings of others will nevertheless dare in his own affliction to stretch out his hand for help in the face of certain ruin, and pour forth his pain in lamentation; for his affliction is in reality inexpressibly great: he hoped for good (for the future from his prosperous condition, in which he rejoiced),

(Note: lxx Aldina: ἐγὼ δὲ ἀπέχων ἀγαθοῖς, which Zwingli rightly corrects ἐπέχων (Codd. Vat., Alex., and Sinait.).)

then came evil; and if I waited for light, deep darkness came. Ewald (232, h) regards ואיחלה as contracted from ואיחלה, but this shortening of the vowel is a pure impossibility. The former signifies rather καὶ ἤλπιζον or ἐβουλόμην ἐλπίζειν, the latter καὶ ἤλπισα, and that cohortative fut. logically forms a hypothetical antecedent, exactly like Job 19:18, if I desire to rise (אקומה), they speak against me (vid., Ew. 357, b). In feverish heat and anxiety his bowels were set boiling (רתח as Job 41:23, comp. Talmud. רתחן, a hot-headed fellow), and rested not (from this boiling). The accentuation Tarcha, Mercha, and Athnach is here incorrect; instead of Athnach, Rebia mugrasch is required. Days of affliction came upon him (קדּם as Psalm 18:6), viz., as a hostile power cutting off the previous way of his prosperity.

Job 31:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

a covenant

Genesis 6:2 That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose.

2 Samuel 11:2-4 And it came to pass in an evening, that David arose from off his bed, and walked on the roof of the king's house...

Psalm 119:37 Turn away my eyes from beholding vanity; and quicken you me in your way.

Proverbs 4:25 Let your eyes look right on, and let your eyelids look straight before you.

Proverbs 23:31-33 Look not you on the wine when it is red, when it gives his color in the cup, when it moves itself aright...

Matthew 5:28,29 But I say to you, That whoever looks on a woman to lust after her has committed adultery with her already in his heart...

1 John 2:16 For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father...

think

Proverbs 6:25 Lust not after her beauty in your heart; neither let her take you with her eyelids.

James 1:14,15 But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed...

Cross References
Matthew 5:28
But I say to you that everyone who looks at a woman with lustful intent has already committed adultery with her in his heart.

Job 31:9
"If my heart has been enticed toward a woman, and I have lain in wait at my neighbor's door,

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