Job 31:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"I made a covenant with my eyes not to look lustfully at a young woman.

King James Bible
I made a covenant with mine eyes; why then should I think upon a maid?

Darby Bible Translation
I made a covenant with mine eyes; and how should I fix my regard upon a maid?

World English Bible
"I made a covenant with my eyes, how then should I look lustfully at a young woman?

Young's Literal Translation
A covenant I made for mine eyes, And what -- do I attend to a virgin?

Job 31:1 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

I made a covenant with mine eyes - ברית כרתי לעיני berith carati leeynai: "I have cut" or divided "the covenant sacrifice with my eyes." My conscience and my eyes are the contracting parties; God is the Judge; and I am therefore bound not to look upon any thing with a delighted or covetous eye, by which my conscience may be defiled, or my God dishonored.

Why then should I think upon a maid? - ומה אתבונן על בתולה umah ethbonen al bethulah. And why should I set myself to contemplate, or think upon, Bethulah? That Bethulah may here signify an idol, is very likely. Sanchoniatho observes, that Ouranos first introduced Baithulia when he erected animated stones, or rather, as Bochart observes, Anointed stones, which became representatives of some deity. I suppose that Job purges himself here from this species of idolatry. Probably the Baithulia were at first emblems only of the tabernacle; בית אלוה beith Eloah, "the house of God;" or of that pillar set up by Jacob, Genesis 28:18, which he called בית אלהים beith Elohim, or Bethalim; for idolatry always supposes a pure and holy worship, of which it is the counterfeit. For more on the subject of the Baithulia, see the notes on Genesis 28:19.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

a covenant

Genesis 6:2 That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose.

2 Samuel 11:2-4 And it came to pass in an evening, that David arose from off his bed, and walked on the roof of the king's house...

Psalm 119:37 Turn away my eyes from beholding vanity; and quicken you me in your way.

Proverbs 4:25 Let your eyes look right on, and let your eyelids look straight before you.

Proverbs 23:31-33 Look not you on the wine when it is red, when it gives his color in the cup, when it moves itself aright...

Matthew 5:28,29 But I say to you, That whoever looks on a woman to lust after her has committed adultery with her already in his heart...

1 John 2:16 For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father...


Proverbs 6:25 Lust not after her beauty in your heart; neither let her take you with her eyelids.

James 1:14,15 But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed...

Thou Shalt not Steal.
This Commandment also has a work, which embraces very many good works, and is opposed to many vices, and is called in German Mildigkeit, "benevolence;" which is a work ready to help and serve every one with one's goods. And it fights not only against theft and robbery, but against all stinting in temporal goods which men may practise toward one another: such as greed, usury, overcharging and plating wares that sell as solid, counterfeit wares, short measures and weights, and who could tell all the
Dr. Martin Luther—A Treatise on Good Works

Whether after Christ, it was Proper to the Blessed virgin to be Sanctified in the Womb?
Objection 1: It would seem that it was proper for the Blessed Virgin, after Christ, to be sanctified in the womb. For it has been said [4131](A[4]) that the Blessed Virgin was sanctified in the womb, in order that she might be worthy to be the mother of God. But this is proper to her. Therefore she alone was sanctified in the womb. Objection 2: Further, some men seem to have been more closely connected with Christ than Jeremias and John the Baptist, who are said to have been sanctified in the womb.
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

The Seventh Commandment
Thou shalt not commit adultery.' Exod 20: 14. God is a pure, holy spirit, and has an infinite antipathy against all uncleanness. In this commandment he has entered his caution against it; non moechaberis, Thou shalt not commit adultery.' The sum of this commandment is, The preservations of corporal purity. We must take heed of running on the rock of uncleanness, and so making shipwreck of our chastity. In this commandment there is something tacitly implied, and something expressly forbidden. 1. The
Thomas Watson—The Ten Commandments

Tit. 2:06 Thoughts for Young Men
WHEN St. Paul wrote his Epistle to Titus about his duty as a minister, he mentioned young men as a class requiring peculiar attention. After speaking of aged men and aged women, and young women, he adds this pithy advice, "Young men likewise exhort to be sober-minded" (Tit. 2:6). I am going to follow the Apostle's advice. I propose to offer a few words of friendly exhortation to young men. I am growing old myself, but there are few things I remember so well as the days of my youth. I have a most
John Charles Ryle—The Upper Room: Being a Few Truths for the Times

Cross References
Matthew 5:28
But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart.

Job 31:9
"If my heart has been enticed by a woman, or if I have lurked at my neighbor's door,

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