Job 31:28
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
this also would be an iniquity to be punished by the judges, for I would have been false to God above.

King James Bible
This also were an iniquity to be punished by the judge: for I should have denied the God that is above.

American Standard Version
This also were an iniquity to be punished by the judges; For I should have denied the God that is above.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Which is a very great iniquity, and a denial against the most high God.

English Revised Version
This also were an iniquity to be punished by the judges: for I should have lied to God that is above.

Webster's Bible Translation
This also were an iniquity to be punished by the judge: for I should have denied the God that is above.

Job 31:28 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

19 If I saw one perishing without clothing,

And that the needy had no covering;

20 If his loins blessed me not,

And he did not warm himself from the hide of my lambs;

21 If I have lifted up my hand over the orphan,

Because I saw my help in the gate:

22 Let my shoulder fall out of its shoulder-blade,

And mine arm be broken from its bone;

23 For terror would come upon me, the destruction of God,

And before His majesty I should not be able to stand.

On אובד comp. on Job 4:11; Job 29:13; he who is come down from his right place and is perishing (root בד, to separate, still perfectly visible through the Arab. bâda, ba‛ida, to perish), or also he who is already perished, periens and perditus. The clause, Job 31:19, forms the second obj. to אם אראה, which otherwise signifies si video, but here, in accordance with the connection, signifies si videbam. The blessing of the thankful (Job 29:13) is transferred from the person to the limbs in Job 31:20, which need and are benefited by the warmth imparted. אם־לא here is not an expression of an affirmative asseveration, but a negative turn to the continuation of the hypothetical antecedents. The shaking, הניף, of the hand, Job 31:21, is intended, like Isaiah 11:15; Isaiah 19:16 (comp. the Pilel, Isaiah 10:32), Zechariah 2:13, as a preparation for a crushing stroke. Job refrained himself from such designs upon the defenceless orphan, even when he saw his help in the gate, i.e., before the tribunal (Job 29:7), i.e., even when he had a certain prospect or powerful assistance there. If he has acted otherwise, his כּתף, i.e., his upper arm together with the shoulder, must fall out from its שׁכם, i.e., the back which bears it together with the shoulder-blades, and his אזרע, upper and lower arm, which is considered here according to its outward flesh, must be broken out of its קנה, tube, i.e., the reed-like hollow bone which gives support to it, i.e., be broken asunder from its basis (Syr. a radice sua), this sinning arm, which did not compassionate the naked, and mercilessly threatened the defenceless and helpless. The ת raphatum which follows in both cases, and the express testimony of the Masora, show that משּׁכמה and מקּנה have no Mappik. The He quiescens, however, is in both instances softened from the He mappic. of the suff., Ew. 21,f. פּחד in Job 31:23 is taken by most expositors as predicate: for terror is (was) to me evil as God, the righteous judge, decrees it. But אלי is not favourable to this. It establishes the particular thing which he imprecates upon himself, and that consequently which, according to his own conviction and perception, ought justly to overtake him out of the general mass, viz., that terror ought to come upon him, a divine decreed weight of affliction. איד אל is a permutative of פחד equals פחד אלהים, and אלי with Dech equivalent to אלי (יבא) יהיה, comp. Jeremiah 2:19 (where it is to be interpreted: and that thou lettest no fear before me come over thee). Thus also Job 31:23 is suitably connected with the preceding: and I should not overcome His majesty, i.e., I should succumb to it. The מן corresponds to the prae in praevalerem; שׂאת (lxx falsely, λῆμμα, judgment, decision equals משׂא, Jer. pondus) is not intended otherwise than Job 13:11 (parall. פחד as here).

Job 31:28 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

an

Job 31:11 For this is an heinous crime; yes, it is an iniquity to be punished by the judges.

Job 9:15 Whom, though I were righteous, yet would I not answer, but I would make supplication to my judge.

Job 23:7 There the righteous might dispute with him; so should I be delivered for ever from my judge.

Genesis 18:25 That be far from you to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked...

Deuteronomy 17:2-7,9 If there be found among you, within any of your gates which the LORD your God gives you, man or woman...

Judges 11:27 Why I have not sinned against you, but you do me wrong to war against me...

Psalm 50:6 And the heavens shall declare his righteousness: for God is judge himself. Selah.

Hebrews 12:23 To the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all...

for

Joshua 24:23,27 Now therefore put away, said he, the strange gods which are among you, and incline your heart to the LORD God of Israel...

Proverbs 30:9 Lest I be full, and deny you, and say, Who is the LORD? or lest I be poor, and steal, and take the name of my God in vain.

Titus 1:16 They profess that they know God; but in works they deny him, being abominable, and disobedient, and to every good work reprobate.

2 Peter 2:1 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you...

1 John 2:23 Whoever denies the Son, the same has not the Father: he that acknowledges the Son has the Father also.

Jude 1:4 For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men...

Cross References
Deuteronomy 17:2
"If there is found among you, within any of your towns that the LORD your God is giving you, a man or woman who does what is evil in the sight of the LORD your God, in transgressing his covenant,

Joshua 24:27
And Joshua said to all the people, "Behold, this stone shall be a witness against us, for it has heard all the words of the LORD that he spoke to us. Therefore it shall be a witness against you, lest you deal falsely with your God."

2 Samuel 3:32
They buried Abner at Hebron. And the king lifted up his voice and wept at the grave of Abner, and all the people wept.

Job 31:11
For that would be a heinous crime; that would be an iniquity to be punished by the judges;

Job 31:27
and my heart has been secretly enticed, and my mouth has kissed my hand,

Proverbs 30:9
lest I be full and deny you and say, "Who is the LORD?" or lest I be poor and steal and profane the name of my God.

Isaiah 59:13
transgressing, and denying the LORD, and turning back from following our God, speaking oppression and revolt, conceiving and uttering from the heart lying words.

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