Job 33:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Behold, he finds occasions against me, he counts me as his enemy,

King James Bible
Behold, he findeth occasions against me, he counteth me for his enemy,

American Standard Version
Behold, he findeth occasions against me, He counteth me for his enemy:

Douay-Rheims Bible
Because he hath found complaints against me, therefore he hath counted me for his enemy.

English Revised Version
Behold, he findeth occasions against me, he counteth me for his enemy;

Webster's Bible Translation
Behold, he findeth occasions against me, he counteth me for his enemy,

Job 33:10 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

4 The Spirit of God hath made me,

And the breath of the Almighty hath given me life.

5 If thou canst, answer me,

Prepare in my presence, take thy stand!

6 Behold, I am like thyself, of God,

Formed out of clay am Ialso.

7 Behold, my terror shall not affright thee,

And my pressure shall not be heavy upon thee.

He has both in common with Job: the spirituality as well as the earthliness of man's nature; but by virtue of the former he does not, indeed, feel himself exalted above Job's person, but above the present standpoint taken up by Job; and in consideration of this, Job need not fear any unequal contest, nor as before God, Job 9:34; Job 13:21, in order that he may be able to defend himself against Him, make it a stipulation that His majesty may not terrify him. It is man's twofold origin which Elihu, Job 33:4, Job 33:6, gives utterance to in harmony with Genesis 2:7 : the mode of man's origin, which is exalted above that of all other earthly beings that have life; for the life of the animal is only the individualizing of the breath of the Divine Spirit already existing in matter. The spirit of man, on the contrary (for which the language has reserved the name נשׁמה), is an inspiration directly coming forth from God the personal being, transferred into the bodily frame, and therefore forming a person.

(Note: God took a small piece of His own life - says the tradition among the Karens, a scattered tribe of Eastern India - blew into the nostrils of His son and daughter, and they became living beings, and were really human.)

In the exalted consciousness of having been originated by the Spirit of God, and being endowed with life from the inbreathed breath of the Almighty, Elihu stands invincible before Job: if thou canst, refute me (השׁיב with acc. of the person, as Job 33:32); array thyself (ערכה for ערכה, according to Ges. 63, rem. 1) before me (here with the additional thought of מלחמה, as Job 23:4, in a forensic sense with משׁפּט), place thyself in position, or take thy post (imper. Hithpa. with the ah less frequent by longer forms, Ew. 228, a).

On the other side, he also, like Job, belongs to God, i.e., is dependent and conditioned. הן־אני is to be written with Segol (not Ssere); לאל is intended like לו, Job 12:16; and כּפיך signifies properly, according to thine utterance, i.e., standard, in accordance with, i.e., like thee, and is used even in the Pentateuch (e.g., Exodus 16:21) in this sense pro ratione; כפי, Job 30:18, we took differently. He, Elihu, is also nipped from the clay, i.e., taken from the earth, as when the potter nips off a piece of his clay (comp. Aram. קרץ, a piece, Arab. qurs, a bread-cake, or a dung-cake, vid., supra, p. 449, from qarasa, to pinch off, take off, cogn. qarada, to gnaw off, cut off, p. 512). Thus, therefore, no terribleness in his appearing will disconcert Job, and his pressure will not be a burden upon him. By a comparison of Job 13:21, it might seem that אכפּי is equivalent to כּפּי (lxx ἡ χείρ μου), but כּבד is everywhere connected only with יד, never with כּף; and the ἁπ. γεγρ. is explained according to Proverbs 16:26, where אכף signifies to oppress, drive (Jer. compulit), and from the dialects differently, for in Syr. ecaf signifies to be anxious about anything (ecaf li, it causes me anxiety, curae mihi est), and in Arab. accafa, to saddle, ucâf, Talmud. אוּכּף, a saddle, so that consequently the Targ. translation of אכפּי by טוּני, my burden, and the Syr. by אוכפני, my pressing forward (Arabic version iqbâli, my touch), are supported, since אכף signifies pressure, heavy weight, load, and burden; according to which it is also translated by Saad. (my constraint), Gecat. (my might). It is therefore not an opponent who is not on an equality with him by nature, with whom Job has to do. If he is not able to answer him, he will have to be considered as beaten.

Job 33:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

he findeth

Job 9:30,31 If I wash myself with snow water, and make my hands never so clean...

Job 10:15-17 If I be wicked, woe to me; and if I be righteous, yet will I not lift up my head. I am full of confusion...

Job 13:25 Will you break a leaf driven to and fro? and will you pursue the dry stubble?

Job 14:16 For now you number my steps: do you not watch over my sin?

Job 34:5 For Job has said, I am righteous: and God has taken away my judgment.

he counteth

Job 13:24 Why hide you your face, and hold me for your enemy?

Job 16:9 He tears me in his wrath, who hates me: he gnashes on me with his teeth; my enemy sharpens his eyes on me.

Job 19:11 He has also kindled his wrath against me, and he counts me to him as one of his enemies.

Job 30:21 You are become cruel to me: with your strong hand you oppose yourself against me.

Job 31:35 Oh that one would hear me! behold, my desire is, that the Almighty would answer me, and that my adversary had written a book.

Cross References
Job 13:24
Why do you hide your face and count me as your enemy?

Job 16:9
He has torn me in his wrath and hated me; he has gnashed his teeth at me; my adversary sharpens his eyes against me.

Job 19:11
He has kindled his wrath against me and counts me as his adversary.

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