Job 33:11
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
he puts my feet in the stocks and watches all my paths.’

King James Bible
He putteth my feet in the stocks, he marketh all my paths.

American Standard Version
He putteth my feet in the stocks, He marketh all my paths.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He hath put my feet in the stocks, he hath observed all my paths.

English Revised Version
He putteth my feet in the stocks, he marketh all my paths.

Webster's Bible Translation
He putteth my feet in the stocks, he marketh all my paths.

Job 33:11 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

4 The Spirit of God hath made me,

And the breath of the Almighty hath given me life.

5 If thou canst, answer me,

Prepare in my presence, take thy stand!

6 Behold, I am like thyself, of God,

Formed out of clay am Ialso.

7 Behold, my terror shall not affright thee,

And my pressure shall not be heavy upon thee.

He has both in common with Job: the spirituality as well as the earthliness of man's nature; but by virtue of the former he does not, indeed, feel himself exalted above Job's person, but above the present standpoint taken up by Job; and in consideration of this, Job need not fear any unequal contest, nor as before God, Job 9:34; Job 13:21, in order that he may be able to defend himself against Him, make it a stipulation that His majesty may not terrify him. It is man's twofold origin which Elihu, Job 33:4, Job 33:6, gives utterance to in harmony with Genesis 2:7 : the mode of man's origin, which is exalted above that of all other earthly beings that have life; for the life of the animal is only the individualizing of the breath of the Divine Spirit already existing in matter. The spirit of man, on the contrary (for which the language has reserved the name נשׁמה), is an inspiration directly coming forth from God the personal being, transferred into the bodily frame, and therefore forming a person.

(Note: God took a small piece of His own life - says the tradition among the Karens, a scattered tribe of Eastern India - blew into the nostrils of His son and daughter, and they became living beings, and were really human.)

In the exalted consciousness of having been originated by the Spirit of God, and being endowed with life from the inbreathed breath of the Almighty, Elihu stands invincible before Job: if thou canst, refute me (השׁיב with acc. of the person, as Job 33:32); array thyself (ערכה for ערכה, according to Ges. 63, rem. 1) before me (here with the additional thought of מלחמה, as Job 23:4, in a forensic sense with משׁפּט), place thyself in position, or take thy post (imper. Hithpa. with the ah less frequent by longer forms, Ew. 228, a).

On the other side, he also, like Job, belongs to God, i.e., is dependent and conditioned. הן־אני is to be written with Segol (not Ssere); לאל is intended like לו, Job 12:16; and כּפיך signifies properly, according to thine utterance, i.e., standard, in accordance with, i.e., like thee, and is used even in the Pentateuch (e.g., Exodus 16:21) in this sense pro ratione; כפי, Job 30:18, we took differently. He, Elihu, is also nipped from the clay, i.e., taken from the earth, as when the potter nips off a piece of his clay (comp. Aram. קרץ, a piece, Arab. qurs, a bread-cake, or a dung-cake, vid., supra, p. 449, from qarasa, to pinch off, take off, cogn. qarada, to gnaw off, cut off, p. 512). Thus, therefore, no terribleness in his appearing will disconcert Job, and his pressure will not be a burden upon him. By a comparison of Job 13:21, it might seem that אכפּי is equivalent to כּפּי (lxx ἡ χείρ μου), but כּבד is everywhere connected only with יד, never with כּף; and the ἁπ. γεγρ. is explained according to Proverbs 16:26, where אכף signifies to oppress, drive (Jer. compulit), and from the dialects differently, for in Syr. ecaf signifies to be anxious about anything (ecaf li, it causes me anxiety, curae mihi est), and in Arab. accafa, to saddle, ucâf, Talmud. אוּכּף, a saddle, so that consequently the Targ. translation of אכפּי by טוּני, my burden, and the Syr. by אוכפני, my pressing forward (Arabic version iqbâli, my touch), are supported, since אכף signifies pressure, heavy weight, load, and burden; according to which it is also translated by Saad. (my constraint), Gecat. (my might). It is therefore not an opponent who is not on an equality with him by nature, with whom Job has to do. If he is not able to answer him, he will have to be considered as beaten.

Job 33:11 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

putteth

Job 13:27 You put my feet also in the stocks, and look narrowly to all my paths; you set a print on the heels of my feet.

Psalm 105:18 Whose feet they hurt with fetters: he was laid in iron:

Jeremiah 20:2 Then Pashur smote Jeremiah the prophet, and put him in the stocks that were in the high gate of Benjamin...

Acts 16:24 Who, having received such a charge, thrust them into the inner prison, and made their feet fast in the stocks.

marketh

Job 31:4 Does not he see my ways, and count all my steps?

Daniel 4:35 And all the inhabitants of the earth are reputed as nothing: and he does according to his will in the army of heaven...

Cross References
Acts 16:24
Having received this order, he put them into the inner prison and fastened their feet in the stocks.

Job 13:27
You put my feet in the stocks and watch all my paths; you set a limit for the soles of my feet.

Jeremiah 20:2
Then Pashhur beat Jeremiah the prophet, and put him in the stocks that were in the upper Benjamin Gate of the house of the LORD.

Jump to Previous
Chains Close Fastens Feet Keeps Marketh Marks Paths Puts Putteth Shackles Stocks Watch Watches Watching Ways
Jump to Next
Chains Close Fastens Feet Keeps Marketh Marks Paths Puts Putteth Shackles Stocks Watch Watches Watching Ways
Links
Job 33:11 NIV
Job 33:11 NLT
Job 33:11 ESV
Job 33:11 NASB
Job 33:11 KJV

Job 33:11 Bible Apps
Job 33:11 Biblia Paralela
Job 33:11 Chinese Bible
Job 33:11 French Bible
Job 33:11 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Job 33:10
Top of Page
Top of Page