Job 33:18
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
he keeps back his soul from the pit, his life from perishing by the sword.

King James Bible
He keepeth back his soul from the pit, and his life from perishing by the sword.

American Standard Version
He keepeth back his soul from the pit, And his life from perishing by the sword.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Rescuing his soul from corruption : and his life from passing to the sword.

English Revised Version
He keepeth back his soul from the pit, and his life from perishing by the sword.

Webster's Bible Translation
He keepeth back his soul from the pit, and his life from perishing by the sword.

Job 33:18 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

8 Verily thou hast said in mine ears,

And I heard the sound of thy words:

9 "I am pure, without transgression;

"Spotless am I, and I have no guilt.

10 "Behold, He findeth malicious things against me,

"He regardeth me as His enemy;

11 "He putteth my feet in the stocks,

"He observeth all my paths."

12 Behold, therein thou art not right, I will answer thee,

For Eloah is too exalted for man.

With אך אמרתּ Elihu establishes the undeniable fact, whether it be that אך is intended as restrictive (only thou hast said, it is not otherwise than that thou ... ), or as we have translated, according to its primary meaning, affirmative (forsooth, it is undeniable). To say anything בּאזני of another is in Hebrew equivalent to not saying it secretly, and so as to be liable to misconstruction, but aloud and distinctly. In Job 33:9, Elihu falls back on Job's own utterances, as Job 9:21, תם אני; Job 16:17, תפלתי זכה; Job 12:4, where he calls himself צדיק תמים, comp. Job 10:7; Job 13:18, Job 13:23; Job 23:10, Job 27:5, Job 29:1, Job 31:1. The expression חף, tersus, did not occur in the mouth of Job; Geiger connects חף with the Arab. hanı̂f (vid., on Job 13:15); it is, however, the adj. of the Semitic verb חף, Arab. ḥff, to rub off, scrape off; Arab. to make smooth by scraping off the hair; Targ., Talm., Syr., to make smooth by washing and rubbing (after which Targ. שׁזיג, lotus).

(Note: Vid., Nldecke in Genfey's Zeitschrift, 1863, S. 383.)

אנכי has here, as an exception, retained its accentuation of the final syllable in pause. In Job 33:10 Elihu also makes use of a word that does not occur in Job's mouth, viz., תּנוּאות, which, according to Numbers 14:34, signifies "alienation," from נוּא (הניא), to hinder, restrain, turn aside, abalienare, Numbers 32:7; and according to the Arab. na'a (to rise heavily),

(Note: Nevertheless Zamachschari does not derive Arab. nâwâ, to treat with enmity, from Arab. n', but from nwy, so that nâwa fulânan signifies "to have evil designs against any one, to meditate evil against one." The phrases iluh ‛alêji nijât, he has evil intentions (wicked designs) against me, nı̂jetuh zerı̂je aleik, he has evil intentions against thee, and similar, are very common. - Wetzst.)

continued...

Job 33:18 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

keepeth

Acts 16:27-33 And the keeper of the prison awaking out of his sleep, and seeing the prison doors open, he drew out his sword...

Romans 2:4 Or despise you the riches of his goodness and forbearance and long-suffering...

2 Peter 3:9,15 The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is long-suffering to us-ward...

perishing. Heb. passing

Cross References
Job 15:22
He does not believe that he will return out of darkness, and he is marked for the sword.

Job 33:17
that he may turn man aside from his deed and conceal pride from a man;

Job 33:22
His soul draws near the pit, and his life to those who bring death.

Job 33:24
and he is merciful to him, and says, 'Deliver him from going down into the pit; I have found a ransom;

Job 33:30
to bring back his soul from the pit, that he may be lighted with the light of life.

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