Job 33:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“Man is also rebuked with pain on his bed and with continual strife in his bones,

King James Bible
He is chastened also with pain upon his bed, and the multitude of his bones with strong pain:

American Standard Version
He is chastened also with pain upon his bed, And with continual strife in his bones;

Douay-Rheims Bible
He rebuketh also by sorrow in the bed, and he maketh all his bones to wither.

English Revised Version
He is chastened also with pain upon his bed, and with continual strife in his bones:

Webster's Bible Translation
He is chastened also with pain upon his bed, and the multitude of his bones with strong pain:

Job 33:19 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

13 Why hast thou contended against Him,

That He answereth not concerning all His doings?

14 Yet no-in one way God speaketh,

And in two, only one perceiveth it not.

15 In the dream, in a vision of the night,

When deep sleep falleth upon men,

In slumberings upon the bed:

16 Then He openeth the ear of men,

And sealeth admonition for them,

17 That He may withdraw man from mischief,

And hide pride from man;

18 That He may keep back his soul from the pit,

And his life from the overthrow of the sword.

Knowing himself to be righteous, and still considering himself treated as an enemy by God, Job has frequently inquired of God, Why then does He treat him thus with enmity, Job 7:20, and why has He brought him into being to be the mark of His attack? Job 10:18. He has longed for God's answer to these questions; and because God has veiled Himself in silence, he has fallen into complain against Him, as a ruler who governs according to His own sovereign arbitrary will. This is what Elihu has before his mind in Job 33:13. ריב (elsewhere in the book of Job with עם or the acc. of the person with whom one contends) is here, as Jeremiah 12:1 and freq., joined with אל and conjugated as a contracted Hiph. (ריבות instead of רבתּ, Ges. 73, 1); and ענה with the acc. signifies here: to answer anything (comp. Job 32:12; Job 40:2, and especially Job 9:3); the suff. does not refer back to אנושׁ of the preceding strophe (Hirz., Hahn), but to God. דּבריו are the things, i.e., facts and circumstances of His rule; all those things which are mysterious in it He answers not, i.e., He answers concerning nothing in this respect (comp. כל לא, Job 34:27), He gives no kind of account of them (Schnurr., Ges., and others). כּי, Job 33:14, in the sense of imo, is attached to this negative thought, which has become a ground of contention for Job: yet no, God does really speak with men, although not as Job desires when challenged and in His own defence. Many expositors take באחת and בּשׁתּים after lxx, Syr., and Jer., in the signification semel, secundo (thus also Hahn, Schlottm.); but semel is אחת, whereas באחת is nowhere equivalent to בפעם אחת, for in Numbers 10:4 it signifies with one, viz., trumpet; Proverbs 28:18, on one, viz., of the many ways; Jeremiah 10:8, in one, i.e., in like folly (not: altogether, at once, which כּאחד, Syr. bachdo, signifies); then further on it is not twice, but two different modes or means of divine attestation, viz., dreams and sicknesses, that are spoken of; wherefore it is rightly translated by the Targ. una loquela, by Pagn. uno modo, by Vatabl., Merc., una via. The form of the declaration: by one - by two, is that of the so-called number-proverbs, like Job 5:19. In diverse ways or by different means God speaks to mortal man - he does not believe it, it is his own fault if he does perceive it. לא ישׁוּרנּה, which is correctly denoted as a separate clause by Rebia mugrasch, is neither with Schlottm. to be regarded as a circumstantial clause (without one's ... ), nor with Vatablus and Hahn as a conditional clause (if one does not attend to it), nor with Montanus and Piscator as a relative clause (to him who does not observe it), but with Tremellius as a co-ordinate second predicative clause without a particle (one might expect אך): he (mortal man) or one observes it not (שׁוּר with neut. suff. exactly like Job 35:13).

Job 33:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Job 5:17,18 Behold, happy is the man whom God corrects: therefore despise not you the chastening of the Almighty...

Deuteronomy 8:5 You shall also consider in your heart, that, as a man chastens his son, so the LORD your God chastens you.

Psalm 94:12 Blessed is the man whom you chasten, O LORD, and teach him out of your law;

Psalm 119:67,71 Before I was afflicted I went astray: but now have I kept your word...

Isaiah 27:9 By this therefore shall the iniquity of Jacob be purged; and this is all the fruit to take away his sin...

1 Corinthians 11:32 But when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world.

Revelation 3:19 As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.


Job 7:4 When I lie down, I say, When shall I arise, and the night be gone? and I am full of tossings to and fro to the dawning of the day.

Job 20:11 His bones are full of the sin of his youth, which shall lie down with him in the dust.

Job 30:17 My bones are pierced in me in the night season: and my sinews take no rest.

2 Chronicles 16:10,12 Then Asa was wroth with the seer, and put him in a prison house; for he was in a rage with him because of this thing...

Psalm 38:1-8 O lord, rebuke me not in your wrath: neither chasten me in your hot displeasure...

Isaiah 37:12,13 Have the gods of the nations delivered them which my fathers have destroyed, as Gozan, and Haran, and Rezeph...

Cross References
Job 30:17
The night racks my bones, and the pain that gnaws me takes no rest.

Psalm 38:3
There is no soundness in my flesh because of your indignation; there is no health in my bones because of my sin.

Psalm 73:14
For all the day long I have been stricken and rebuked every morning.

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