Job 33:27
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He sings before men and says: ‘I sinned and perverted what was right, and it was not repaid to me.

King James Bible
He looketh upon men, and if any say, I have sinned, and perverted that which was right, and it profited me not;

American Standard Version
He singeth before men, and saith, I have sinned, and perverted that which was right, And it profited me not:

Douay-Rheims Bible
He shall look upon men, and shall say : I have sinned, and indeed I have offended, and I have not received what I have deserved.

English Revised Version
He singeth before men, and saith, I have sinned, and perverted that which was right, and it profited me not:

Webster's Bible Translation
He looketh upon men, and if any shall say, I have sinned, and perverted that which was right, and it profited me not;

Job 33:27 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The contracted future form יכל, again, like ישׂם, Job 33:11, is poetic instead of the full form: his flesh vanishes מראי, from sight, i.s. so that it is seen no longer; or from comeliness, i.e., so that it becomes unsightly; the latter (comp. 1 Samuel 16:12 with Isaiah 53:2, ולא־מראה) might be preferred. In Job 33:21 the Keri corrects the text to ושׁפּוּ, et contrita sunt, whereas the Chethib is to be read וּשׁפי, et contritio. The verb שׁפה, which has been explained by Saadia from the Talmudic,

(Note: He refers to b. Aboda zara 42a: If a heathen have broken an idol to pieces (שׁפּה) to derive advantage from the pieces, both the (shattered) idol and the fragments (שׁפּוּיין) are permitted (since both are deprived of their heathenish character).)

signifies conterere, comminuere; Abulwald (in Ges. Thes.) interprets it here by suhifet wa-baradet, they are consumed and wasted away, and explains it by כּתּתוּ. The radical notion is that of scraping, scratching, rubbing away (not to be interchanged with Arab. sf', ספה, which, starting from the radical notion of sweeping away, vanishing, comes to have that of wasting away; cognate, however, with the above Arab. sḥf, whence suhâf, consumption, prop. a rasure of the plumpness of the body). According to the Keri, Job 33:21 runs: and his bones (limbs) are shattered (fallen away), they are not seen, i.e., in their wasting away and shrivelling up they have lost their former pleasing form. Others, taking the bones in their strict sense, and שׁפה in the signification to scrape away equals lay bare, take לא ראו as a relative clause, as Jer. has done: ossa quae tecta fuerant nudabuntur (rather nudata sunt), but this ought with a change of mood to be לא ראו...וישׁפּוּ. To the former interpretation corresponds the unexceptionable Chethib: and the falling away of his limbs are not seen, i.e., (per attractionem) his wasting limbs are diminished until they are become invisible. ראוּ is one of the four Old Testament words (Genesis 43:26; Ezra 8:18; Leviticus 23:17) which have a Dagesh in the Aleph; in all four the Aleph stands between two vowels, and the dageshing (probably the remains of a custom in the system of pointing which has become the prevailing one, which, with these few exceptions, has been suffered to fall away) is intended to indicate that the Aleph is here to be carefully pronounced as a guttural (to use an Arabic expression, as Hamza), therefore in this passage ru-'û.

(Note: Vid., Luzzatto's Grammatica della Lingua Ebraica (1853), 54. Ewald's (21) view, that in these instances the pointed Aleph is to be read as j (therefore ruju), is unfounded; moreover, the point over the Aleph is certainly only improperly called Dagesh, it might at least just as suitably be called Mappik.)

Thus, then, the soul (the bearer of the life of the body) of the sick man, at last succumbing to this process of decay, comes near to the pit, and his life to the ממתים, destroying angels (comp. Psalm 78:49; 2 Samuel 24:16), i.e., the angels who are commissioned by God to slay the man, if he does not anticipate the decree of death by penitence. To understand the powers of death in general, with Rosenm., or the pains of death, with Schlottm. and others, does not commend itself, because the Elihu section has a strong angelological colouring in common with the book of Job. The following strophe, indeed, in contrast to the ממיתים, speaks of an angel that effects deliverance from death.

Job 33:27 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

looketh, etc. or, shall look upon men, and say, I have sinned, etc.

Genesis 16:13 And she called the name of the LORD that spoke to her, You God see me: for she said, Have I also here looked after him that sees me?

2 Chronicles 16:9 For the eyes of the LORD run to and fro throughout the whole earth...

Psalm 11:4 The LORD is in his holy temple, the LORD's throne is in heaven: his eyes behold, his eyelids try, the children of men.

Psalm 14:2 The LORD looked down from heaven on the children of men, to see if there were any that did understand, and seek God.

Psalm 139:1-4 O lord, you have searched me, and known me...

Proverbs 5:21 For the ways of man are before the eyes of the LORD, and he ponders all his goings.

Proverbs 15:3 The eyes of the LORD are in every place, beholding the evil and the good.

Jeremiah 23:24 Can any hide himself in secret places that I shall not see him? said the LORD. Do not I fill heaven and earth? said the LORD.

I

Job 7:20 I have sinned; what shall I do to you, O you preserver of men? why have you set me as a mark against you...

Numbers 12:11 And Aaron said to Moses, Alas, my lord, I beseech you, lay not the sin on us, wherein we have done foolishly...

2 Samuel 12:13 And David said to Nathan, I have sinned against the LORD. And Nathan said to David, The LORD also has put away your sin...

Proverbs 28:13 He that covers his sins shall not prosper: but whoever confesses and forsakes them shall have mercy.

Jeremiah 3:13 Only acknowledge your iniquity, that you have transgressed against the LORD your God...

Jeremiah 31:18,19 I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus; You have chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke...

Luke 15:18-22 I will arise and go to my father, and will say to him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and before you...

Luke 18:13 And the publican, standing afar off, would not lift up so much as his eyes to heaven, but smote on his breast, saying...

1 John 1:8-10 If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us...

perverted

Ecclesiastes 5:8 If you see the oppression of the poor, and violent perverting of judgment and justice in a province, marvel not at the matter...

right

Psalm 19:7,8 The law of the LORD is perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise the simple...

Psalm 119:128 Therefore I esteem all your precepts concerning all things to be right; and I hate every false way.

Romans 7:12-14,16,22 Why the law is holy, and the commandment holy, and just, and good...

it profited

Job 34:9 For he has said, It profits a man nothing that he should delight himself with God.

Jeremiah 2:8 The priests said not, Where is the LORD? and they that handle the law knew me not: the pastors also transgressed against me...

Matthew 16:26 For what is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul?

Romans 6:21 What fruit had you then in those things whereof you are now ashamed? for the end of those things is death.

Cross References
Luke 15:21
And the son said to him, 'Father, I have sinned against heaven and before you. I am no longer worthy to be called your son.'

Romans 6:21
But what fruit were you getting at that time from the things of which you are now ashamed? For the end of those things is death.

2 Samuel 12:13
David said to Nathan, "I have sinned against the LORD." And Nathan said to David, "The LORD also has put away your sin; you shall not die.

Job 34:32
teach me what I do not see; if I have done iniquity, I will do it no more'?

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