Job 38:18
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Have you comprehended the expanse of the earth? Declare, if you know all this.

King James Bible
Hast thou perceived the breadth of the earth? declare if thou knowest it all.

American Standard Version
Hast thou comprehended the earth in its breadth? Declare, if thou knowest it all.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Hast thou considered the breadth of the earth? tell me, if thou knowest all things?

English Revised Version
Hast thou comprehended the breadth of the earth? declare, if thou knowest it all.

Webster's Bible Translation
Hast thou perceived the breadth of the earth? declare if thou knowest it all.

Job 38:18 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

12 Hast thou in thy life commanded a morning,

Caused the dawn to know its place,

13 That it may take hold of the ends of the earth,

So that the evil-doers are shaken under it?

14 That it changeth like the clay of a signet-ring,

And everything fashioneth itself as a garment.

15 Their light is removed from the evil-doers,

And the out-stretched arm is broken.

The dawn of the morning, spreading out from one point, takes hold of the carpet of the earth as it were by the edges, and shakes off from it the evil-doers, who had laid themselves to rest upon it the night before. נער, combining in itself the significations to thrust and to shake, has the latter here, as in the Arab. nâ‛ûra, a water-wheel, which fills its compartments below in the river, to empty them out above. Instead of ידּעתּה שׁחר with He otians, the Keri substitutes ידּעתּ השׁחר. The earth is the subj. to Job 38:14: the dawn is like the signet-ring, which stamps a definite impress on the earth as the clay, the forms which floated in the darkness of the night become visible and distinguishable. The subj. to Job 38:14 are not morning and dawn (Schult.), still less the ends of the earth (Ew. with the conjecture: יתיבצו, "they become dazzlingly white"), but the single objects on the earth: the light of morning gives to everything its peculiar garb of light, so that, hitherto overlaid by a uniform darkness, they now come forth independently, they gradually appear in their variegated diversity of form and hue. In כּמו לבוּשׁ, לבוש is conceived as accusative (Arab. kemâ libâsan, or thauban), while in כלבושׁ (Psalm 104:6, instar vestis) it would be genitive. To the end of the strophe everything is under the logical government of the ל of purpose in Job 38:13. The light of the evil-doers is, according to Job 24:17, the darkness of the night, which is for them in connection with their works what the light of day is for other men. The sunrise deprives them, the enemies of light in the true sense (Job 24:13), of this light per antiphrasin, and the carrying out of their evil work, already prepared for, is frustrated. The ע of רשׁעים, Job 38:13 and Job 38:15, is תלויה עין [Ayin suspensum,] which is explained according to the Midrash thus: the רשׁעים, now עשׁירים (rich), become at a future time רשׁים (poor); or: God deprives them of the עין (light of the eye), by abandoning them to the darkness which they loved.

Job 38:18 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalm 74:17 You have set all the borders of the earth: you have made summer and winter.

Psalm 89:11,12 The heavens are yours, the earth also is yours: as for the world and the fullness thereof, you have founded them...

Isaiah 40:28 Have you not known? have you not heard, that the everlasting God, the LORD, the Creator of the ends of the earth, faints not...

Jeremiah 31:37 Thus said the LORD; If heaven above can be measured, and the foundations of the earth searched out beneath...

Revelation 20:9 And they went up on the breadth of the earth, and compassed the camp of the saints about, and the beloved city...

Cross References
Job 28:24
For he looks to the ends of the earth and sees everything under the heavens.

Job 38:19
"Where is the way to the dwelling of light, and where is the place of darkness,

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