Job 38:30
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The waters become hard like stone, and the face of the deep is frozen.

King James Bible
The waters are hid as with a stone, and the face of the deep is frozen.

American Standard Version
The waters hide themselves and become like stone, And the face of the deep is frozen.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The waters are hardened like a stone, and the surface of the deep is congealed.

English Revised Version
The waters are hidden as with stone, and the face of the deep is frozen.

Webster's Bible Translation
The waters are hid as with a stone, and the face of the deep is frozen.

Job 38:30 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

22 Hast thou reached the treasures of the snow,

And didst thou see the treasures of the hail,

23 Which I have reserved for a time of trouble,

For the day of battle and war?

24 Which is the way where the light is divided,

Where the east wind is scattered over the earth?

25 Who divideth a course for the rain-flood

And the way of the lightning of thunder,

26 That it raineth on the land where no one dwelleth,

On the tenantless steppe,

27 To satisfy the desolate and the waste,

And to cause the tender shoot of the grass to spring forth?

The idea in Job 38:22 is not that - as for instance the peasants of Menn, four hours' journey from Damascus, garner up the winter snow in a cleft of the rock, in order to convey it to Damascus and the towns of the coast in the hot months - God treasures up the snow and hail above to cause it to descend according to opportunity. אצרות (comp. Psalm 135:7) are the final causes of these phenomena which God has created - the form of the question, the design of which (which must not be forgotten) is ethical, not scientific, is regulated according to the infancy of the perception of natural phenomena among the ancients; but at the same time in accordance with the poet's task, and even, as here, in the choice of the agents of destruction, not merely hail, but also snow, according to the scene of the incident. Wetzstein has in his possession a writing of Muhammed el-Chatb el-Bosrwi, in which he describes a fearful fall of snow in Hauran, by which, in February 1860, innumerable herds of sheep, goats, and camels, and also many human beings perished.

(Note: Since the Hauranites say of snow as of fire: jahrik, it burns (brlant in French is also used of extreme cold), Job 1:16 might also be understood of a fall of snow; but the tenor of the words there requires it to be understood of actual fire.)

continued...

Job 38:30 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the face

Job 37:10 By the breath of God frost is given: and the breadth of the waters is straitened.

frozen. Heb. taken

Cross References
Job 38:29
From whose womb did the ice come forth, and who has given birth to the frost of heaven?

Job 38:31
"Can you bind the chains of the Pleiades or loose the cords of Orion?

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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