Job 4:21
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Is not their tent-cord plucked up within them, do they not die, and that without wisdom?’

King James Bible
Doth not their excellency which is in them go away? they die, even without wisdom.

American Standard Version
Is not their tent-cord plucked up within them? They die, and that without wisdom.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they that shall be left, shall be taken away from them: they shall die, and not in wisdom.

English Revised Version
Is not their tent-cord plucked up within them? they die, and that without wisdom.

Webster's Bible Translation
Doth not their excellence which is in them depart? they die, even without wisdom.

Job 4:21 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

12 And a word reached me stealthily,

And my ear heard a whisper thereof.

13 In the play of thought, in visions of the night,

When deep sleep falleth on men,

14 Fear came upon me, and trembling;

And it caused the multitude of my bones to quake with fear.

15 And a breathing passed over my face;

16 It stood there, and I discerned not its appearance:

An image was before my eyes;

A gentle murmur, and I heard a voice.

The fut. יגגּב, like Judges 2:1; Psalm 80:9, is ruled by the following fut. consec.: ad me furtim delatum est (not deferebatur). Eliphaz does not say אלי ויגנּב (although he means a single occurrence), because he desires, with pathos, to put himself prominent. That the word came to him so secretly, and that he heard only as it were a whisper (שׁמץ, according to Arnheim, in distinction from שׁמע, denotes a faint, indistinct impression on the ear), is designed to show the value of such a solemn communication, and to arouse curiosity. Instead of the prosaic ממּנוּ, we find here the poetic pausal-form מנהוּ expanded from מנּוּ, after the form מנּי, Job 21:16; Psalm 18:23. מן is partitive: I heard only a whisper, murmur; the word was too sacred and holy to come loudly and directly to his ear. It happened, as he lay in the deep sleep of night, in the midst of the confusion of thought resulting from nightly dreams. שׂעפּים (from שׂעיף, branched) are thoughts proceeding like branches from the heart as their root, and intertwining themselves; the מן which follows refers to the cause: there were all manner of dreams which occasioned the thoughts, and to which they referred (comp. Job 33:15); תּרדּמה, in distinction from שׁנה, sleep, and תּנוּמה, slumber, is the deep sleep related to death and ecstasy, in which man sinks back from outward life into the remotest ground of his inner life. In Job 4:14, קראני, from קרא equals קרה, to meet (Ges. 75, 22), is equivalent to קרני (not קרני, as Hirz., first edition, wrongly points it; comp. Genesis 44:29). The subject of הפחיד is the undiscerned ghostlike something. Eliphaz was stretched upon his bed when רוּח, a breath of wind, passed (חלף( dessap, similar to Isaiah 21:1) over his face. The wind is the element by means of which the spirit-existence is made manifest; comp. 1 Kings 19:12, where Jehovah appears in a gentle whispering of the wind, and Acts 2:2, where the descent of the Holy Spirit is made known by a mighty rushing. רוּח, πνεῦμα, Sanscrit âtma, signifies both the immaterial spirit and the air, which is proportionately the most immaterial of material things.

(Note: On wind and spirit, vid., Windischmann, Die Philosophie im Fortgang der Weltgesch. S. 1331ff.)

His hair bristled up, even every hair of his body; סמּר, not causative, but intensive of Kal. יעמד has also the ghostlike appearance as subject. Eliphaz could not discern its outline, only a תמוּנה, imago quaedam (the most ethereal word for form, Numbers 12:8; Psalm 17:15, of μορφή or δόξα of God), was before his eyes, and he heard, as it were proceeding from it, רקל דּממה, i.e., per hendiadyn: a voice, which spoke to him in a gentle, whispering tone, as follows:

Job 4:21 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

excellency.

Psalm 39:5,11 Behold, you have made my days as an handbreadth; and my age is as nothing before you...

Psalm 49:14 Like sheep they are laid in the grave; death shall feed on them; and the upright shall have dominion over them in the morning...

Psalm 146:3,4 Put not your trust in princes, nor in the son of man, in whom there is no help...

Isaiah 14:16 They that see you shall narrowly look on you, and consider you, saying, Is this the man that made the earth to tremble...

Luke 16:22,23 And it came to pass, that the beggar died, and was carried by the angels into Abraham's bosom: the rich man also died, and was buried...

James 1:11 For the sun is no sooner risen with a burning heat, but it wither the grass, and the flower thereof falls...

die.

Job 36:12 But if they obey not, they shall perish by the sword, and they shall die without knowledge.

Psalm 49:20 Man that is in honor, and understands not, is like the beasts that perish.

Isaiah 2:22 Cease you from man, whose breath is in his nostrils: for wherein is he to be accounted of ?

Luke 12:20 But God said to him, You fool, this night your soul shall be required of you: then whose shall those things be...

Cross References
Job 8:22
Those who hate you will be clothed with shame, and the tent of the wicked will be no more."

Job 18:21
Surely such are the dwellings of the unrighteous, such is the place of him who knows not God."

Job 36:12
But if they do not listen, they perish by the sword and die without knowledge.

Proverbs 5:23
He dies for lack of discipline, and because of his great folly he is led astray.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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