Job 40:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“Behold, I am of small account; what shall I answer you? I lay my hand on my mouth.

King James Bible
Behold, I am vile; what shall I answer thee? I will lay mine hand upon my mouth.

American Standard Version
Behold, I am of small account; What shall I answer thee? I lay my hand upon my mouth.

Douay-Rheims Bible


English Revised Version
Behold, I am of small account; what shall I answer thee? I lay mine hand upon my mouth.

Webster's Bible Translation
Behold, I am vile; what shall I answer thee? I will lay my hand upon my mouth.

Job 40:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

26 Doth the hawk fly by thy wisdom,

Doth it spread its wings towards the south?

27 Or is it at thy command that the eagle soareth aloft,

And buildeth its nest on high?

28 It inhabiteth the rock, and buildeth its nest

Upon the crag of the rock and fastness.

29 From thence it seeketh food,

Its eyes see afar off.

30 And its young ones suck up blood;

And where the slain are, there is it.

The ancient versions are unanimous in testifying that, according to the signification of the root, נץ signifies the hawk (which is significant in the Hieroglyphics): the soaring one, the high-flyer (comp. Arab. nṣṣ, to rise, struggle forwards, and Arab. nḍḍ, to raise the wings for flight). The Hiph. יאבר- (jussive form in the question, as Job 13:27) might signify: to get feathers, plumescere (Targ., Jer.), but that gives a tame question; wherefore Gregory understands the plumescit of the Vulgate of moulting, for which purpose the hawk seeks the sunny side. But האביר alone, by itself, cannot signify "to get new feathers;" moreover, an annual moulting is common to all birds, and prominence is alone given to the new feathering of the eagle in the Old Testament, Psalm 103:5; Micah 1:16, comp. Isaiah 40:31 (lxx πτεροφυήσουσιν ὡς ἀετοί).

(Note: Less unfavourable to this rendering is the following, that אברה signifies the long feathers, and אבר the wing that is composed of them (perhaps, since the Talm. אברים signifies wings and limbs, artus, from אבר equals הבר, Arab. hbr, to divide, furnish with joints), although נוצה (from נצה, to fly) is the more general designation of the feathers of birds.)

Thus, then, the point of the question will lie in לתימן: the hawk is a bird of passage, God has endowed it with instinct to migrate to the south as the winter season is approaching.

In Job 39:27 the circle of the native figures taken from animal life, which began with the lion, the king of quadrupeds, is now closed with the eagle, the king of birds. It is called נשׁר, from נשׁר, Arab. nsr, vellere; as also vultur (by virtue of a strong power of assimilation equals vultor) is derived from vellere, - a common name of the golden eagle, the lamb's vulture, the carrion-kite (Cathartes percnopterus), and indeed also of other kinds of kites and falcons. There is nothing to prevent our understanding the eagle κατ ̓ εξοχήν, viz., the golden eagle (Aquila chrysatos), in the present passage; for even to this, corpses, though not already putrified, are a welcome prey. In Job 39:27 we must translate either: and is it at thy command that ... ? or: is it so that (as in הכי) at thy command ... ? The former is more natural here. מצוּדה, Job 39:28, signifies prop. specula (from צוּד, to spy); then, however, as Arab. masâd (referred by the original lexicons to masada), the high hill, and the mountain-top. The rare form יעלעוּ, for which Ges., Olsh., and others wish to read לעלעוּ or ילעלעוּ (from לוּע, deglutire), is to be derived from עלע, a likewise secondary form out of עלעל (from עוּל, to suck, to give suck),

continued...

Job 40:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Behold

Job 42:6 Why I abhor myself, and repent in dust and ashes.

Genesis 18:27 And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, I have taken on me to speak to the LORD, which am but dust and ashes:

Genesis 32:10 I am not worthy of the least of all the mercies, and of all the truth, which you have showed to your servant...

2 Samuel 24:10 And David's heart smote him after that he had numbered the people. And David said to the LORD, I have sinned greatly in that I have done...

1 Kings 19:4 But he himself went a day's journey into the wilderness, and came and sat down under a juniper tree...

Ezra 9:6,15 And said, O my God, I am ashamed and blush to lift up my face to you, my God: for our iniquities are increased over our head...

Nehemiah 9:33 However, you are just in all that is brought on us; for you have done right, but we have done wickedly:

Psalm 51:4,5 Against you, you only, have I sinned, and done this evil in your sight: that you might be justified when you speak...

Isaiah 6:5 Then said I, Woe is me! for I am undone; because I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the middle of a people of unclean lips...

Isaiah 53:6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all.

Isaiah 64:6 But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities...

Daniel 9:5,7 We have sinned, and have committed iniquity, and have done wickedly, and have rebelled...

Luke 5:8 When Simon Peter saw it, he fell down at Jesus' knees, saying, Depart from me; for I am a sinful man, O Lord.

Luke 15:18,19 I will arise and go to my father, and will say to him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and before you...

Luke 18:13 And the publican, standing afar off, would not lift up so much as his eyes to heaven, but smote on his breast, saying...

1 Timothy 1:15 This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners; of whom I am chief.

what

Job 9:31-35 Yet shall you plunge me in the ditch, and my own clothes shall abhor me...

Job 16:21 O that one might plead for a man with God, as a man pleads for his neighbor!

Job 23:4-7 I would order my cause before him, and fill my mouth with arguments...

Job 31:37 I would declare to him the number of my steps; as a prince would I go near to him.

I will

Job 21:5 Mark me, and be astonished, and lay your hand on your mouth.

Job 29:9 The princes refrained talking, and laid their hand on their mouth.

Judges 18:19 And they said to him, Hold your peace, lay your hand on your mouth, and go with us, and be to us a father and a priest...

Psalm 39:9 I was dumb, I opened not my mouth; because you did it.

Proverbs 30:32 If you have done foolishly in lifting up yourself, or if you have thought evil, lay your hand on your mouth.

Micah 7:16 The nations shall see and be confounded at all their might: they shall lay their hand on their mouth, their ears shall be deaf.

Habakkuk 2:20 But the LORD is in his holy temple: let all the earth keep silence before him.

Zechariah 2:13 Be silent, O all flesh, before the LORD: for he is raised up out of his holy habitation.

Cross References
Judges 18:19
And they said to him, "Keep quiet; put your hand on your mouth and come with us and be to us a father and a priest. Is it better for you to be priest to the house of one man, or to be priest to a tribe and clan in Israel?"

Job 21:5
Look at me and be appalled, and lay your hand over your mouth.

Job 29:9
the princes refrained from talking and laid their hand on their mouth;

Job 40:3
Then Job answered the LORD and said:

Proverbs 30:32
If you have been foolish, exalting yourself, or if you have been devising evil, put your hand on your mouth.

Lamentations 3:29
let him put his mouth in the dust-- there may yet be hope;

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