Job 40:5
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
I have spoken once, and I will not answer; twice, but I will proceed no further.”

King James Bible
Once have I spoken; but I will not answer: yea, twice; but I will proceed no further.

American Standard Version
Once have I spoken, and I will not answer; Yea, twice, but I will proceed no further.

Douay-Rheims Bible
One thing I have spoken, which I wish I had not said : and another, to which I will add no more.

English Revised Version
Once have I spoken, and I will not answer; yea twice, but I will proceed no further.

Webster's Bible Translation
Once have I spoken; but I will not answer: yes, twice; but I will proceed no further.

Job 40:5 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

26 Doth the hawk fly by thy wisdom,

Doth it spread its wings towards the south?

27 Or is it at thy command that the eagle soareth aloft,

And buildeth its nest on high?

28 It inhabiteth the rock, and buildeth its nest

Upon the crag of the rock and fastness.

29 From thence it seeketh food,

Its eyes see afar off.

30 And its young ones suck up blood;

And where the slain are, there is it.

The ancient versions are unanimous in testifying that, according to the signification of the root, נץ signifies the hawk (which is significant in the Hieroglyphics): the soaring one, the high-flyer (comp. Arab. nṣṣ, to rise, struggle forwards, and Arab. nḍḍ, to raise the wings for flight). The Hiph. יאבר- (jussive form in the question, as Job 13:27) might signify: to get feathers, plumescere (Targ., Jer.), but that gives a tame question; wherefore Gregory understands the plumescit of the Vulgate of moulting, for which purpose the hawk seeks the sunny side. But האביר alone, by itself, cannot signify "to get new feathers;" moreover, an annual moulting is common to all birds, and prominence is alone given to the new feathering of the eagle in the Old Testament, Psalm 103:5; Micah 1:16, comp. Isaiah 40:31 (lxx πτεροφυήσουσιν ὡς ἀετοί).

(Note: Less unfavourable to this rendering is the following, that אברה signifies the long feathers, and אבר the wing that is composed of them (perhaps, since the Talm. אברים signifies wings and limbs, artus, from אבר equals הבר, Arab. hbr, to divide, furnish with joints), although נוצה (from נצה, to fly) is the more general designation of the feathers of birds.)

Thus, then, the point of the question will lie in לתימן: the hawk is a bird of passage, God has endowed it with instinct to migrate to the south as the winter season is approaching.

In Job 39:27 the circle of the native figures taken from animal life, which began with the lion, the king of quadrupeds, is now closed with the eagle, the king of birds. It is called נשׁר, from נשׁר, Arab. nsr, vellere; as also vultur (by virtue of a strong power of assimilation equals vultor) is derived from vellere, - a common name of the golden eagle, the lamb's vulture, the carrion-kite (Cathartes percnopterus), and indeed also of other kinds of kites and falcons. There is nothing to prevent our understanding the eagle κατ ̓ εξοχήν, viz., the golden eagle (Aquila chrysatos), in the present passage; for even to this, corpses, though not already putrified, are a welcome prey. In Job 39:27 we must translate either: and is it at thy command that ... ? or: is it so that (as in הכי) at thy command ... ? The former is more natural here. מצוּדה, Job 39:28, signifies prop. specula (from צוּד, to spy); then, however, as Arab. masâd (referred by the original lexicons to masada), the high hill, and the mountain-top. The rare form יעלעוּ, for which Ges., Olsh., and others wish to read לעלעוּ or ילעלעוּ (from לוּע, deglutire), is to be derived from עלע, a likewise secondary form out of עלעל (from עוּל, to suck, to give suck),

continued...

Job 40:5 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

but I will not

Job 34:31,32 Surely it is meet to be said to God, I have borne chastisement, I will not offend any more...

Romans 3:19 Now we know that what things soever the law said, it said to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped...

twice

Job 33:14 For God speaks once, yes twice, yet man perceives it not.

2 Kings 6:10 And the king of Israel sent to the place which the man of God told him and warned him of, and saved himself there, not once nor twice.

Psalm 62:11 God has spoken once; twice have I heard this; that power belongs to God.

but I will proceed

Jeremiah 31:18,19 I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus; You have chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke...

Cross References
Job 9:3
If one wished to contend with him, one could not answer him once in a thousand times.

Job 9:15
Though I am in the right, I cannot answer him; I must appeal for mercy to my accuser.

Job 33:14
For God speaks in one way, and in two, though man does not perceive it.

Psalm 62:11
Once God has spoken; twice have I heard this: that power belongs to God,

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