John 11:44
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The man who had died came out, his hands and feet bound with linen strips, and his face wrapped with a cloth. Jesus said to them, “Unbind him, and let him go.”

King James Bible
And he that was dead came forth, bound hand and foot with graveclothes: and his face was bound about with a napkin. Jesus saith unto them, Loose him, and let him go.

American Standard Version
He that was dead came forth, bound hand and foot with grave-clothes; and his face was bound about with a napkin. Jesus saith unto them, Loose him, and let him go.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And presently he that had been dead came forth, bound feet and hands with winding bands; and his face was bound about with a napkin. Jesus said to them: Loose him, and let him go.

English Revised Version
He that was dead came forth, bound hand and foot with grave-clothes; and his face was bound about with a napkin. Jesus saith unto them, Loose him, and let him go.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he that was dead came forth, bound hand and foot with grave-clothes: and his face was bound about with a napkin. Jesus saith to them, Loose him, and let him go.

Weymouth New Testament
The dead man came out, his hands and feet wrapped in cloths, and his face wrapped round with a towel. "Untie him," said Jesus, "and let him go free."

John 11:44 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Grave-clothes (κειρίαις)

Literally, swathing-bands. Only here in the New Testament. In John 19:40; John 20:5, John 20:7, ὀθόνια, linen bands, is used.

A napkin (σουδαρι.ῳ)

See on Luke 19:20.

It is interesting to compare this Gospel picture of sisterly affection under the shadow of death, with the same sentiment as exhibited in Greek tragedy, especially in Sophocles, by whom it is developed with wonderful power, both in the "Antigone" and in the "Electra."

In the former, Antigone, the consummate female figure of the Greek drama, falls a victim to her love for her dead brother. Both here, and in the "Electra," sisterly love is complicated with another and sterner sentiment: in the "Antigone" with indignant defiance of the edict which refuses burial to her brother; in the "Electra" with the long-cherished craving for vengeance. Electra longs for her absent brother Orestes, as the minister of retribution rather than as the solace of loneliness and sorrow. His supposed death is to her, therefore, chiefly the defeat of the passionate, deadly purpose of her whole life. Antigone lives for her kindred, and is sustained under her own sad fate by the hope of rejoining them in the next world. She believes in the permanence of personal existence.

"And yet I go and feed myself with hopes

That I shall meet them, by my father loved,

Dear to my mother, well-beloved of thee,

Thou darling brother" (897-900).

And again,

"Loved, I shall be with him whom I have loved

Guilty of holiest crime. More time is mine

In which to share the favor of the dead,

continued...

John 11:44 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

he that.

John 11:25,26 Jesus said to her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believes in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live...

John 5:21,25 For as the Father raises up the dead, and vivifies them; even so the Son vivifies whom he will...

John 10:30 I and my Father are one.

Genesis 1:3 And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.

1 Samuel 2:6 The LORD kills, and makes alive: he brings down to the grave, and brings up.

Psalm 33:9 For he spoke, and it was done; he commanded, and it stood fast.

Ezekiel 37:3-10 And he said to me, Son of man, can these bones live? And I answered, O Lord GOD, you know...

Hosea 13:14 I will ransom them from the power of the grave; I will redeem them from death: O death, I will be your plagues; O grave...

Acts 20:9-12 And there sat in a window a certain young man named Eutychus, being fallen into a deep sleep: and as Paul was long preaching...

Philippians 3:21 Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like to his glorious body...

Revelation 1:18 I am he that lives, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for ever more, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.

bound. 'Swathed about with rollers' or bandages, [keiria,] long strips of linen, a few inches in breadth, brought round the [sindon,] or sheet of linen in which the corpse was involved, and by which the [aromata,] or spices, were kept in contact with the flesh. In reply to sceptical objections, it is sufficient to observe, that he who could raise Lazarus from the dead, could, with a much less exertion of power, have so loosened or removed the bandages of his feet and legs as to have rendered it practicable for him to come forth. Tittman well observes, that Lazarus was restored not only to life but also to health, as appears from the alacrity of his motion; and this would constitute a new miracle.

John 20:5,7 And he stooping down, and looking in, saw the linen clothes lying; yet went he not in...

Loose.

John 11:39 Jesus said, Take you away the stone. Martha, the sister of him that was dead, said to him, Lord, by this time he stinks...

Mark 5:43 And he charged them straightly that no man should know it; and commanded that something should be given her to eat.

Luke 7:15 And he that was dead sat up, and began to speak. And he delivered him to his mother.

Cross References
Luke 19:20
Then another came, saying, 'Lord, here is your mina, which I kept laid away in a handkerchief;

John 11:43
When he had said these things, he cried out with a loud voice, "Lazarus, come out."

John 19:40
So they took the body of Jesus and bound it in linen cloths with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews.

John 20:7
and the face cloth, which had been on Jesus' head, not lying with the linen cloths but folded up in a place by itself.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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