John 13:25
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
So that disciple, leaning back against Jesus, said to him, “Lord, who is it?”

King James Bible
He then lying on Jesus' breast saith unto him, Lord, who is it?

American Standard Version
He leaning back, as he was, on Jesus breast saith unto him, Lord, who is it?

Douay-Rheims Bible
He therefore, leaning on the breast of Jesus, saith to him: Lord, who is it?

English Revised Version
He leaning back, as he was, on Jesus' breast saith unto him, Lord, who is it?

Webster's Bible Translation
He then lying on Jesus' breast, saith to him, Lord, who is it?

Weymouth New Testament
So he, having his head on Jesus's bosom, leaned back and asked, "Master, who is it?"

John 13:25 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Lying (ἐπιπεσὼν)

This word is, literally, to fall upon, and is so rendered in almost every instance in the New Testament. In Mark 3:10, it is applied to the multitudes pressing upon Christ. It occurs, however, nowhere else in John, and therefore some of the best authorities read ἀναπεσὼν, leaning back, a verb which John uses several times in the Gospel, as in John 13:12. So Rev. Whichever of the two is read, it points out the distinction, which the A.V. misses by the translation lying, between ἦν ἀνακείμενος (John 13:23), which describes the reclining position of John throughout the meal, and the sudden change of posture pictured by ἀναπεσὼν, leaning back. The distinction is enforced by the different preposition in each case: reclining in (ἐν) Jesus' bosom, and leaning back (ἀνά). Again, the words bosom and breast represent different words in the Greek; κόλπος representing more generally the bend formed by the front part of the reclining person, the lap, and στῆθος the breast proper. The verb ἀναπίπτω, to lean back, always in the New Testament describes a change of position. It is used of a rower bending back for a fresh stroke. Plato, in the well-known passage of the "Phaedrus," in which the soul is described under the figure of two horses and a charioteer, says that when the charioteer beholds the vision of love he is afraid, and falls backward (ἀνέπεσεν), so that he brings the steeds upon their haunches.

As he was (οὕτως)

Inserted by the best texts, and not found in the A.V. Reclining as he was, he leaned back. The general attitude of reclining was maintained. Compare John 4:6 : "sat thus (οὕτως) on the well." According to the original institution, the Passover was to be eaten standing (Exodus 12:11). After the Captivity the custom was changed, and the guests reclined. The Rabbis insisted that at least a part of the Paschal meal should be eaten in that position, because it was the manner of slaves to eat standing, and the recumbent position showed that they had been delivered from bondage into freedom.

Breast (στῆθος)

From ἵστημι, to cause to stand. Hence, that which stands out. In later writings John was known as ὁ ἐπιστήθιος, the one on the breast, or the bosom friend.

John 13:25 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

who.

Genesis 44:4-12 And when they were gone out of the city, and not yet far off, Joseph said to his steward, Up, follow after the men...

Esther 7:5 Then the king Ahasuerus answered and said to Esther the queen, Who is he, and where is he, that dared presume in his heart to do so?

Cross References
John 13:24
so Simon Peter motioned to him to ask Jesus of whom he was speaking.

John 21:20
Peter turned and saw the disciple whom Jesus loved following them, the one who also had leaned back against him during the supper and had said, "Lord, who is it that is going to betray you?"

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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