John 4:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
But the hour is coming, and is now here, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for the Father is seeking such people to worship him.

King James Bible
But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeketh such to worship him.

American Standard Version
But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and truth: for such doth the Father seek to be his worshippers.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true adorers shall adore the Father in spirit and in truth. For the Father also seeketh such to adore him.

English Revised Version
But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and truth: for such doth the Father seek to be his worshippers.

Webster's Bible Translation
But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshipers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeketh such to worship him.

Weymouth New Testament
But a time is coming--nay, has already come--when the true worshippers will worship the Father with true spiritual worship; for indeed the Father desires such worshippers.

John 4:23 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

And now is

This could not be added in John 4:21, because local worship was not yet abolished; but it was true as regarded the true worship of the Father by His true worshippers, for Jesus was already surrounded by a little band of such, and more were soon to be added (John 4:39-42). Bengel says that the words and now is are added lest the woman should think that she must seek a dwelling in Judaea.

True (ἀληθινοὶ)

Real, genuine. See on John 1:9.

Worshippers (προσκυνηταὶ)

Only here in the New Testament.

In spirit and in truth (ἐν πνεύματι καὶ ἀηθείᾳ)

Spirit (πνεῦμα) is the highest, deepest, noblest part of our humanity, the point of contact between God and man (Romans 1:9); while soul (ψυχή) is the principle of individuality, the seat of personal impressions, having a side in contact with the material element of humanity as well as with the spiritual element, and being thus the mediating element between the spirit and the body. The phrase in spirit and in truth describes the two essential characteristics of true worship: in spirit, as distinguished from place or form or other sensual limitations (John 4:21); in truth, as distinguished from the false conceptions resulting from imperfect knowledge (John 4:22). True worship includes a spiritual sense of the object worshipped, and a spiritual communion with it; the manifestation of the moral consciousness in feelings, motions of the will, "moods of elevation, excitements," etc. It includes also a truthful conception of the object. In Jesus the Father is seen (John 14:9) and known (Luke 10:22). Thus the truthful conception is gained. He is the Truth (John 14:6). Likewise through Him we come to the Father, and spiritually commune with Him. No man can come in any other way (John 14:6). To worship in truth is not merely to worship in sincerity, but with a worship corresponding to the nature of its object.

For the father (καὶ γὰρ ὁ πατὴρ)

The A.V. fails to render καὶ also, and Rev. places it in the margin. It emphasizes the conclusiveness of the reason assigned: "for the Father also, on His part, seeketh," etc. For a similar use of καὶ, see on Matthew 8:9; also see on Matthew 26:73; see on Acts 19:40.

Seeketh such to worship Him (τοιούτους ζητεῖ τοὺς προσκυνοῦντας αὐτὸν)

A rather peculiar construction. Literally, seeketh such as those worshipping him: as His worshippers. Such: i.e., those who worship in spirit and in truth, and are therefore real (ἀληθινοὶ) worshippers of the real God (ἀληθινὸν Θεὸν).

John 4:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the hour.

John 5:25 Truly, truly, I say to you, The hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God...

John 12:23 And Jesus answered them, saying, The hour is come, that the Son of man should be glorified.

true.

Isaiah 1:10-15 Hear the word of the LORD, you rulers of Sodom; give ear to the law of our God, you people of Gomorrah...

Isaiah 26:8,9 Yes, in the way of your judgments, O LORD, have we waited for you; the desire of our soul is to your name...

Isaiah 29:13 Why the Lord said, For as much as this people draw near me with their mouth, and with their lips do honor me...

Isaiah 48:1,2 Hear you this, O house of Jacob, which are called by the name of Israel, and are come forth out of the waters of Judah...

Isaiah 58:2,8-14 Yet they seek me daily, and delight to know my ways, as a nation that did righteousness, and forsook not the ordinance of their God...

Isaiah 66:1,2 Thus said the LORD, The heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool: where is the house that you build to me...

Jeremiah 7:7-12 Then will I cause you to dwell in this place, in the land that I gave to your fathers, for ever and ever...

Matthew 15:7-9 You hypocrites, well did Esaias prophesy of you, saying...

Luke 18:11-13 The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, God, I thank you, that I am not as other men are, extortionists, unjust, adulterers...

in spirit.

Romans 1:9 For God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of his Son...

Romans 8:15,26 For you have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but you have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba...

Galatians 4:6 And because you are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.

Ephesians 6:18 Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit...

Philippians 3:3 For we are the circumcision, which worship God in the spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh.

Jude 1:20,21 But you, beloved, building up yourselves on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Ghost...

in truth.

John 1:17 For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.

Joshua 24:14 Now therefore fear the LORD, and serve him in sincerity and in truth...

1 Samuel 12:24 Only fear the LORD, and serve him in truth with all your heart: for consider how great things he has done for you.

1 Chronicles 29:17 I know also, my God, that you try the heart, and have pleasure in uprightness. As for me...

Psalm 17:1 Hear the right, O LORD, attend to my cry, give ear to my prayer, that goes not out of feigned lips.

Psalm 32:2 Blessed is the man to whom the LORD imputes not iniquity, and in whose spirit there is no guile.

Psalm 51:6 Behold, you desire truth in the inward parts: and in the hidden part you shall make me to know wisdom.

Isaiah 10:20 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the remnant of Israel, and such as are escaped of the house of Jacob...

Jeremiah 3:10 And yet for all this her treacherous sister Judah has not turned to me with her whole heart, but feignedly, said the LORD.

Jeremiah 4:2 And you shall swear, The LORD lives, in truth, in judgment, and in righteousness; and the nations shall bless themselves in him...

the Father seeketh.

Psalm 147:11 The LORD takes pleasure in them that fear him, in those that hope in his mercy.

Proverbs 15:8 The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination to the LORD: but the prayer of the upright is his delight.

Songs 2:14 O my dove, that are in the clefts of the rock, in the secret places of the stairs, let me see your countenance, let me hear your voice...

Isaiah 43:21 This people have I formed for myself; they shall show forth my praise.

Ezekiel 22:30 And I sought for a man among them, that should make up the hedge, and stand in the gap before me for the land...

1 Peter 2:9 But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people...

Cross References
John 4:21
Jesus said to her, "Woman, believe me, the hour is coming when neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem will you worship the Father.

John 5:25
"Truly, truly, I say to you, an hour is coming, and is now here, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear will live.

John 5:28
Do not marvel at this, for an hour is coming when all who are in the tombs will hear his voice

John 16:2
They will put you out of the synagogues. Indeed, the hour is coming when whoever kills you will think he is offering service to God.

John 16:32
Behold, the hour is coming, indeed it has come, when you will be scattered, each to his own home, and will leave me alone. Yet I am not alone, for the Father is with me.

Philippians 3:3
For we are the circumcision, who worship by the Spirit of God and glory in Christ Jesus and put no confidence in the flesh--

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