Jonah 4:7
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
But when dawn came up the next day, God appointed a worm that attacked the plant, so that it withered.

King James Bible
But God prepared a worm when the morning rose the next day, and it smote the gourd that it withered.

American Standard Version
But God prepared a worm when the morning rose the next day, and it smote the gourd, that it withered.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But God prepared a worm, when the morning arose on the following day: and it struck the ivy and it withered.

English Revised Version
But God prepared a worm when the morning rose the next day, and it smote the gourd, that it withered.

Webster's Bible Translation
But God prepared a worm when the morning rose the next day, and it smote the gourd that it withered.

Jonah 4:7 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The Elegy. - Amos 5:1. "Hear ye this word, which I raise over you; a lamentation, O house of Israel. Amos 5:2. The virgin Israel is fallen; she does not rise up again; cast down upon her soil; no one sets her up. Amos 5:3. For thus saith the Lord Jehovah, The city that goes out by a thousand will retain a hundred, and that which goes out by a hundred will retain ten, for the house of Israel." הדּבר הזּה is still further defined in the relative clause אשׁר וגו as קינה, a mournful song, lit., a lamentation or dirge for one who is dead (cf. 2 Samuel 1:17; 2 Chronicles 35:25). אשׁר is a relative pronoun, not a conjunction (for); and qı̄nâh is an explanatory apposition: which I raise or commence as (or "namely") a lamentation. "House of Israel" is synonymous with "house of Joseph" (Amos 5:6), hence Israel of the ten tribes. The lamentation follows in Amos 5:2, showing itself to be a song by the rhythm and by its poetical form. נפל, to fall, denotes a violent death (2 Samuel 1:19, 2 Samuel 1:25), and is here a figure used to denote the overthrow or destruction of the kingdom. The expression virgin Israel (an epexegetical genitive, not "of Israel") rests upon a poetical personification of the population of a city or of a kingdom, as a daughter, and wherever the further idea of being unconquered is added, as a virgin (see at Isaiah 23:12). Here, too, the term "virgin" is used to indicate the contrast between the overthrow predicted and the original destination of Israel, as the people of God, to be unconquered by any heathen nation whatever. The second clause of the verse strengthens the first. נטּשׁ, to be stretched out or cast down, describes the fall as a violent overthrow. The third verse does not form part of the lamentation, but gives a brief, cursory vindication of it by the announcement that Israel will perish in war, even to a very small remnant. יצא refers to their marching out to war, and אלף, מאה is subordinated to it, as a more precise definition of the manner in which they marched out (cf. Ewald, 279, b).

Jonah 4:7 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

prepared.

Job 1:21 And said, Naked came I out of my mother's womb, and naked shall I return thither: the LORD gave, and the LORD has taken away...

Psalm 30:6,7 And in my prosperity I said, I shall never be moved...

Psalm 102:10 Because of your indignation and your wrath: for you have lifted me up, and cast me down.

it withered.

Psalm 90:5,6 You carry them away as with a flood; they are as a sleep: in the morning they are like grass which grows up...

Isaiah 40:6-8 The voice said, Cry. And he said, What shall I cry? All flesh is grass, and all the goodliness thereof is as the flower of the field...

Joel 1:12 The vine is dried up, and the fig tree languishes; the pomegranate tree, the palm tree also, and the apple tree...

Cross References
Joel 1:12
The vine dries up; the fig tree languishes. Pomegranate, palm, and apple, all the trees of the field are dried up, and gladness dries up from the children of man.

Jonah 4:6
Now the LORD God appointed a plant and made it come up over Jonah, that it might be a shade over his head, to save him from his discomfort. So Jonah was exceedingly glad because of the plant.

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Appointed Appointeth Attacked Chewed Dawn Dead Destruction Drieth Dry Early Gourd Morning Morrow Plant Prepared Provided Ready Rose Smiteth Smote Vine Withered Worm
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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