Joshua 18:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
and Joshua cast lots for them in Shiloh before the LORD. And there Joshua apportioned the land to the people of Israel, to each his portion.

King James Bible
And Joshua cast lots for them in Shiloh before the LORD: and there Joshua divided the land unto the children of Israel according to their divisions.

American Standard Version
And Joshua cast lots for them in Shiloh before Jehovah: and there Joshua divided the land unto the children of Israel according to their divisions.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he cast lots before the Lord in Silo, and divided the land to the children of Israel into seven parts.

English Revised Version
And Joshua cast lots for them in Shiloh before the LORD: and there Joshua divided the land unto the children of Israel according to their divisions.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Joshua cast lots for them in Shiloh before the LORD: and there Joshua divided the land to the children of Israel according to their divisions.

Joshua 18:10 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

But, for the reasons explained in Joshua 14:1, these tribes showed themselves "slack to go to possess the land which the Lord had given them," i.e., not merely to conquer it, but to have it divided by lot, and to enter in and take possession. Joshua charged them with this, and directed them to appoint three men for each of the seven tribes, that they might be sent out to go through the land, and describe it according to the measure of their inheritance. "According to their inheritance," i.e., with special reference to the fact that seven tribes were to receive it for their inheritance. The description was not a formal measurement, although the art of surveying was well known in Egypt in ancient times, and was regularly carried out after the annual inundations of the Nile (Herod. ii. 109; Strabo, xvii. 787; Diod. Sic. i. 69); so that the Israelites might have learned it there. But כּתב does not mean to measure; and it was not a formal measurement that was required, for the purpose of dividing the land that yet remained into seven districts, since the tribes differed in numerical strength, and therefore the boundaries of the territory assigned them could not be settled till after the lots had been cast. The meaning of the word is to describe; and according to Joshua 18:9, it was chiefly to the towns that reference was made: so that the description required by Joshua in all probability consisted simply in the preparation of lists of the towns in the different parts of the land, with an account of their size and character; also with "notices of the quality and condition of the soil; what lands were fertile, and what they produced; where the country was mountainous, and where it was level; which lands were well watered, and which were dry; and any other things that would indicate the character of the soil, and facilitate a comparison between the different parts of the land" (Rosenmller). The reasons which induced Joshua to take steps for the first time now for securing a survey of the land, are given in Joshua 14:1. The men chosen for the purpose were able to carry out their task without receiving any hindrance from the Canaanites. For whilst the latter were crushed, if not exterminated, by the victories which the Israelites had gained, it was not necessary for the twenty-one Israelitish men to penetrate into every corner of the land, and every town that was still inhabited by the Canaanites, in order to accomplish their end.

Joshua 18:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

cast lots

Joshua 18:6,8 You shall therefore describe the land into seven parts, and bring the description here to me...

Proverbs 18:18 The lot causes contentions to cease, and parts between the mighty.

Ezekiel 47:22 And it shall come to pass, that you shall divide it by lot for an inheritance to you, and to the strangers that sojourn among you...

Ezekiel 48:29 This is the land which you shall divide by lot to the tribes of Israel for inheritance, and these are their portions...

Matthew 27:35 And they crucified him, and parted his garments, casting lots: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet...

Acts 13:19 And when he had destroyed seven nations in the land of Chanaan, he divided their land to them by lot.

before the Lord

Psalm 16:5,6 The LORD is the portion of my inheritance and of my cup: you maintain my lot...

Psalm 47:4 He shall choose our inheritance for us, the excellency of Jacob whom he loved. Selah.

Psalm 61:5 For you, O God, have heard my vows: you have given me the heritage of those that fear your name.

John 17:2 As you have given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as you have given him.

Acts 26:18 To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan to God...

Colossians 1:12 Giving thanks to the Father, which has made us meet to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light:

Cross References
Numbers 34:16
The LORD spoke to Moses, saying,

Joshua 18:9
So the men went and passed up and down in the land and wrote in a book a description of it by towns in seven divisions. Then they came to Joshua to the camp at Shiloh,

Joshua 18:11
The lot of the tribe of the people of Benjamin according to its clans came up, and the territory allotted to it fell between the people of Judah and the people of Joseph.

Joshua 19:51
These are the inheritances that Eleazar the priest and Joshua the son of Nun and the heads of the fathers' houses of the tribes of the people of Israel distributed by lot at Shiloh before the LORD, at the entrance of the tent of meeting. So they finished dividing the land.

Jeremiah 7:12
Go now to my place that was in Shiloh, where I made my name dwell at first, and see what I did to it because of the evil of my people Israel.

Micah 2:5
Therefore you will have none to cast the line by lot in the assembly of the LORD.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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