Joshua 6:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Seven priests shall bear seven trumpets of rams’ horns before the ark. On the seventh day you shall march around the city seven times, and the priests shall blow the trumpets.

King James Bible
And seven priests shall bear before the ark seven trumpets of rams' horns: and the seventh day ye shall compass the city seven times, and the priests shall blow with the trumpets.

American Standard Version
And seven priests shall bear seven trumpets of rams horns before the ark: and the seventh day ye shall compass the city seven times, and the priests shall blow the trumpets.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And on the seventh day the priests shall take the seven trumpets, which are used in the jubilee, and shall go before the ark of the covenant: and you shall go about the city seven times, and the priests shall sound the trumpets.

English Revised Version
And seven priests shall bear seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark: and the seventh day ye shall compass the city seven times, and the priests shall blow with the trumpets.

Webster's Bible Translation
And seven priests shall bear before the ark seven trumpets of rams' horns: and the seventh day ye shall compass the city seven times, and the priests shall blow with the trumpets.

Joshua 6:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Appearance and Message of the Angel of the Lord. - Joshua 5:13-15. When Joshua was by Jericho, בּיריחו, lit., in Jericho (בּ expressing immediate proximity, the entrance as it were into some other object, vid., Ewald, 217), - that is to say, inside it in thought, meditating upon the conquest of it-he saw, on lifting up his eyes, a man standing before him with a drawn sword in his hand; and on going up to him, and asking, "Dost thou belong to us or to our enemies?" he received this reply: "Nay (לא is not to be altered into לו, which is the reading adopted in the Sept., Syr., and a few MSS), but I am the prince of the army of Jehovah; now I am come." The person who had appeared neither belonged to the Israelites nor to their enemies, but was the prince of the army of Jehovah, i.e., of the angels. "The Lord's host" does not mean "the people of Israel, who were just at the commencement of their warlike enterprise," as v. Hofmann supposes; for although the host of Israel who came out of Egypt are called "the hosts of the Lord" in Exodus 12:41, the Israelites are never called the host or army of Jehovah (in the singular). "The host of Jehovah" is synonymous with "the host of heaven" (1 Kings 22:19), and signifies the angels, as in Psalm 148:2 and Psalm 103:21. With the words "now I am come," the prince of the angels is about to enter upon an explanation of the object of his coming; but he is interrupted in his address by Joshua, who falls down before him, and says, "What saith my lord to his servant?" so that now he first of all commands Joshua to take off his shoes, as the place on which he stands is holy. It by no means follows that because Joshua fell down upon the ground and ישׁתּחוּ (Eng. Ver. "did worship"), he must have recognised him at once as the angel of the Lord who was equal with God; for the word השׁתּחוה, which is connected with the falling down, does not always mean divine worship, but very frequently means nothing more than the deep Oriental reverence paid by a dependant to his superior or king (e.g., 2 Samuel 9:6; 2 Samuel 14:33), and Joshua did not address the person who appeared to him by the name of God, אדני, but simply as אדני, "My lord." In any case, however, Joshua regarded him at once as a superior being, i.e., an angel. And he must have recognised him as something more than a created angel of superior rank, that is to say, as the angel of Jehovah who is essentially equal with God, the visible revealer of the invisible God, as soon as he gave him the command to take off his shoes, etc. - a command which would remind him of the appearance of God to Moses in the burning bush, and which implied that the person who now appeared was the very person who had revealed himself to Moses as the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. (On the meaning of the command to take off the shoes, see the exposition of Exodus 3:5.) The object of the divine appearance was indicated by the drawn sword in the hand (cf. Numbers 22:31), by which he manifested himself as a heavenly warrior, or, as he describes himself to Joshua, as prince of the army of Jehovah. The drawn sword contained in itself this practical explanation: "I am now come with my heavenly army, to make war upon the Canaanites, and to assist thee and thy people" (Seb. Schmidt). It was not in a vision that this appearance took place, but it was an actual occurrence belonging to the external world; for Joshua saw the man with the drawn sword at a certain distance from himself, and went up to him to address him, - a fact which would be perfectly incompatible with an inward vision.

Joshua 6:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

trumpets of rams' The word shopheroth hyyovelim, should rather be rendered jubilee i.e., such as were used on the jubilee, which were probably made of horn or silver: for the entrance of the Israelites into Canaan was indeed a jubilee to them (See Note on

Leviticus 25:11 A jubilee shall that fiftieth year be to you: you shall not sow, neither reap that which grows of itself in it...

): instead of the dreadful trumpet of war, they were ordered to sound the trumpet of joy, as already conquerors.

Leviticus 25:9 Then shall you cause the trumpet of the jubilee to sound on the tenth day of the seventh month...

Numbers 10:1-10 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying...

Judges 7:7,8,15-22 And the LORD said to Gideon, By the three hundred men that lapped will I save you, and deliver the Midianites into your hand...

2 Chronicles 13:12 And, behold, God himself is with us for our captain, and his priests with sounding trumpets to cry alarm against you...

2 Chronicles 20:17,19,21 You shall not need to fight in this battle: set yourselves, stand you still, and see the salvation of the LORD with you...

Isaiah 27:12 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD shall beat off from the channel of the river to the stream of Egypt...

Zechariah 4:6 Then he answered and spoke to me, saying, This is the word of the LORD to Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power...

seven times

Genesis 2:3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.

Genesis 7:2,3 Of every clean beast you shall take to you by sevens, the male and his female: and of beasts that are not clean by two...

Leviticus 4:6 And the priest shall dip his finger in the blood, and sprinkle of the blood seven times before the LORD...

Leviticus 14:16 And the priest shall dip his right finger in the oil that is in his left hand...

Leviticus 25:8 And you shall number seven sabbaths of years to you, seven times seven years...

Numbers 23:1 And Balaam said to Balak, Build me here seven altars, and prepare me here seven oxen and seven rams.

1 Kings 18:43 And said to his servant, Go up now, look toward the sea. And he went up, and looked, and said, There is nothing...

2 Kings 5:10 And Elisha sent a messenger to him, saying, Go and wash in Jordan seven times, and your flesh shall come again to you...

Job 42:8 Therefore take to you now seven bullocks and seven rams, and go to my servant Job, and offer up for yourselves a burnt offering...

Zechariah 4:2 And said to me, What see you? And I said, I have looked, and behold a candlestick all of gold, with a bowl on the top of it...

Revelation 1:4,20 John to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace be to you, and peace, from him which is, and which was, and which is to come...

Revelation 5:1,6 And I saw in the right hand of him that sat on the throne a book written within and on the backside, sealed with seven seals...

Revelation 8:2,6 And I saw the seven angels which stood before God; and to them were given seven trumpets...

Revelation 10:3 And cried with a loud voice, as when a lion roars: and when he had cried, seven thunders uttered their voices.

Revelation 15:1,7 And I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvelous, seven angels having the seven last plagues...

Revelation 16:1 And I heard a great voice out of the temple saying to the seven angels, Go your ways...

Cross References
Leviticus 25:9
Then you shall sound the loud trumpet on the tenth day of the seventh month. On the Day of Atonement you shall sound the trumpet throughout all your land.

Numbers 10:8
And the sons of Aaron, the priests, shall blow the trumpets. The trumpets shall be to you for a perpetual statute throughout your generations.

Joshua 6:3
You shall march around the city, all the men of war going around the city once. Thus shall you do for six days.

Joshua 6:5
And when they make a long blast with the ram's horn, when you hear the sound of the trumpet, then all the people shall shout with a great shout, and the wall of the city will fall down flat, and the people shall go up, everyone straight before him."

Joshua 6:13
And the seven priests bearing the seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark of the LORD walked on, and they blew the trumpets continually. And the armed men were walking before them, and the rear guard was walking after the ark of the LORD, while the trumpets blew continually.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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