Judges 15:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
So Samson went and caught 300 foxes and took torches. And he turned them tail to tail and put a torch between each pair of tails.

King James Bible
And Samson went and caught three hundred foxes, and took firebrands, and turned tail to tail, and put a firebrand in the midst between two tails.

American Standard Version
And Samson went and caught three hundred foxes, and took firebrands, and turned tail to tail, and put a firebrand in the midst between every two tails.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he went and caught three hundred foxes, and coupled them tail to tail, and fastened torches between the tails.

English Revised Version
And Samson went and caught three hundred foxes, and took firebrands, and turned tail to tail, and put a firebrand in the midst between every two tails.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Samson went and caught three hundred foxes, and took fire-brands, and turned tail to tail, and put a fire-brand in the midst between two tails.

Judges 15:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Thus on the seventh day, before the sun went down (חרסה equals חרס, Judges 8:13; Job 9:7, with a toneless ah, a softening down of the feminine termination: see Ewald, 173, h.), the men of the city (i.e., the thirty young men who had been invited) said to Samson, "What is sweeter than honey, and what stronger than a lion?" But Samson saw through the whole thing, and replied, "If ye had not ploughed with my heifer, ye had not hit upon (guessed) my riddle,"-a proverbial saying, the meaning of which is perfectly clear.

Judges 15:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

caught three. Dr. Kennicott and others contend, that for foxes, we should read handfuls or sheaves of corn. But

1. The word lachad, rendered caught, never signifies simply to get or take but always to catch, seize, or take by assault or stratagem.

2. Though the proposed alteration is sanctioned by seven MSS., yet all the versions are on the other side.

3. Admitting this alteration, it will be difficult to prove that the word shoal means either a sheaf or a handful of corn in the ear, and straw. It occurs but thrice in Scriptures (1ki

Judges 20:10 And we will take ten men of an hundred throughout all the tribes of Israel, and an hundred of a thousand...

. Is

40:12:00

Ezekiel 13:9 And my hand shall be on the prophets that see vanity, and that divine lies: they shall not be in the assembly of my people...

): where it evidently means as much as can be contained in the hollow of the hand; but when handfuls of grain in the shock, or sheaves are intended, very different words are used. See

Ruth 2:15,16 And when she was risen up to glean, Boaz commanded his young men, saying, Let her glean even among the sheaves, and reproach her not...

, etc.

4. It is not hinted that Samson collected them alone, or in one day; he might have employed many hands and several days in the work.

5. The word Shual properly denotes the jackal, which travellers describe as an animal in size between the wolf and fox, gregarious, as many as

200 having been seen together, and the most numerous of any in eastern countries; so that Samson might have caught many of them together in nets.

Psalm 63:10 They shall fall by the sword: they shall be a portion for foxes.

Songs 2:15 Take us the foxes, the little foxes, that spoil the vines: for our vines have tender grapes.

Lamentations 5:18 Because of the mountain of Zion, which is desolate, the foxes walk on it.

firebrands or touches

Cross References
Judges 15:3
And Samson said to them, "This time I shall be innocent in regard to the Philistines, when I do them harm."

Judges 15:5
And when he had set fire to the torches, he let the foxes go into the standing grain of the Philistines and set fire to the stacked grain and the standing grain, as well as the olive orchards.

Proverbs 26:18
Like a madman who throws firebrands, arrows, and death

Isaiah 7:4
And say to him, 'Be careful, be quiet, do not fear, and do not let your heart be faint because of these two smoldering stumps of firebrands, at the fierce anger of Rezin and Syria and the son of Remaliah.

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