Judges 5:20
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
From heaven the stars fought, from their courses they fought against Sisera.

King James Bible
They fought from heaven; the stars in their courses fought against Sisera.

American Standard Version
From heaven fought the stars, From their courses they fought against Sisera.

Douay-Rheims Bible
War from heaven was made against them, the stars remaining in their order and courses fought against Sisara.

English Revised Version
They fought from heaven, the stars in their courses fought against Sisera.

Webster's Bible Translation
They fought from heaven; the stars in their courses fought against Sisera.

Judges 5:20 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"From (מנּי, poetical for מן) Ephraim," sc., there came fighting men; not the whole tribe, but only nobles or brave men, and indeed those whose roots were in Amalek, i.e., those who were rooted or had taken root, i.e., had settled and spread themselves out upon the tribe-territory of Ephraim, which had formerly been inhabited by Amalekites, the mount of the Amalekites, mentioned in Judges 12:15 (for the figure itself, see Isaiah 27:6; Psalm 80:10, and Job 5:3). "Behind thee," i.e., behind Ephraim, there followed Benjamin among thy (Ephraim's) people (עממים, a poetical form for עמּים, in the sense of hosts). Benjamin lived farther south than Ephraim, and therefore, when looked at from the stand-point of the plain of Jezreel, behind Ephraim; "but he came upon the scene of battle, either in subordination to the more powerful Ephraimites, or rushing on with the Ephraimitish hosts" (Bertheau). "From Machir," i.e., from western Manasseh, there came down leaders (see at Judges 5:9), sc., with warriors in their train. Machir cannot refer to the Manassite family of Machir, to which Moses gave the northern part of Gilead, and Bashan, for an inheritance (comp. Joshua 17:1 with Joshua 13:29-31), but it stands poetically for Manasseh generally, as Machir was the only son of Manasseh, from whom all the Manassites were descended (Genesis 50:23; Numbers 26:29., Numbers 27:1). The reference here, however, is simply to that portion of the tribe of Manasseh which had received its inheritance by the side of Ephraim, in the land to the west of the Jordan. This explanation of the word is required, not only by the fact that Machir is mentioned after Ephraim and Benjamin, and before Zebulun and Issachar, but still more decidedly by the introduction of Gilead beyond Jordan in connection with Reuben, in Judges 5:17, which can only signify Gad and eastern Manasseh. Hence the two names Machir and Gilead, the names of Manasseh's son and grandson, are poetically employed to denote the two halves of the tribe of Manasseh; Machir signifying the western Manassites, and Gilead the eastern. "From Zebulun marchers (משׁך, to approach in long processions, as in Judges 4:6) with the staff of the conductor." ספר, writer or numberer, was the technical name given to the musterer-general, whose duty it was to levy and muster the troops (2 Kings 25:19; cf. 2 Chronicles 26:11); here it denotes the military leader generally.

Judges 5:20 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Joshua 10:11 And it came to pass, as they fled from before Israel, and were in the going down to Bethhoron...

1 Samuel 7:10 And as Samuel was offering up the burnt offering, the Philistines drew near to battle against Israel...

Psalm 77:17,18 The clouds poured out water: the skies sent out a sound: your arrows also went abroad...

the stars

Judges 4:15 And the LORD discomfited Sisera, and all his chariots, and all his host, with the edge of the sword before Barak...

courses. Heb. paths

Cross References
Joshua 10:12
At that time Joshua spoke to the LORD in the day when the LORD gave the Amorites over to the sons of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel, "Sun, stand still at Gibeon, and moon, in the Valley of Aijalon."

Judges 5:21
The torrent Kishon swept them away, the ancient torrent, the torrent Kishon. March on, my soul, with might!

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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