Lamentations 3:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
surely against me he turns his hand again and again the whole day long.

King James Bible
Surely against me is he turned; he turneth his hand against me all the day.

American Standard Version
Surely against me he turneth his hand again and again all the day.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Aleph. Only against me he hath turned, and turned again his hand all the day.

English Revised Version
Surely against me he turneth his hand again and again all the day.

Webster's Bible Translation
Surely against me is he turned; he turneth his hand against me all the day.

Lamentations 3:3 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

רנן (prop. to raise a whining cry, but commonly "to shout for joy") here means to weep aloud, lament. לראשׁ אשׁמרות, at the beginning of the night-watches (cf. Judges 7:19); not "in the first night-watch" (Kalkschmidt, following Bochart and Ngelsbach), but at the beginning of each night-watch, i.e., throughout the night; cf. Psalm 63:7. "Pour out thine heart like water before the face of the Lord," i.e., utter the sorrow of thine heart in tears to the Lord. The uplifting of the hands is a gesture indicative of prayer and entreaty (cf. Psalm 28:2; Psalm 63:5, etc.), not "of the deepest distress" (Thenius). על־נפשׁ does not mean pro vita parvulorum tuorum, that God may at least preserve them (Rosenmller, Gerlach), but "on account of the soul of thy children," which is more distinctly stated, in the following relative sentence, to mean that they have breathed out their soul through hunger. On this matter, cf. Lamentations 2:11 and the exposition of that verse. Ewald has placed the last member of the verse within parentheses, as an interpolation, on the ground that a fourth member offends against the law observed in these verses; on the other hand, Thenius is of opinion that the words do not form a member of the verse by themselves, but are a mere prolongation of the third, "because the conclusion of the prophet's address, begun in Lamentations 2:19, was certainly intended to be a complete finish." But the deviation from the rule is not thereby accounted for. Inasmuch as the words are essential to the expression of the thought, we must simply acknowledge the irregularity, and not arbitrarily cast suspicion on the genuineness of the words.

Lamentations 3:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Lamentations 2:4-7 He has bent his bow like an enemy: he stood with his right hand as an adversary...

Deuteronomy 29:20 The LORD will not spare him, but then the anger of the LORD and his jealousy shall smoke against that man...

Job 31:21 If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, when I saw my help in the gate:

Isaiah 1:25 And I will turn my hand on you, and purely purge away your dross, and take away all your tin:

Isaiah 63:10 But they rebelled, and vexed his holy Spirit: therefore he was turned to be their enemy, and he fought against them.

Cross References
Psalm 38:2
For your arrows have sunk into me, and your hand has come down on me.

Isaiah 5:25
Therefore the anger of the LORD was kindled against his people, and he stretched out his hand against them and struck them, and the mountains quaked; and their corpses were as refuse in the midst of the streets. For all this his anger has not turned away, and his hand is stretched out still.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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