Leviticus 10:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Now Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, each took his censer and put fire in it and laid incense on it and offered unauthorized fire before the LORD, which he had not commanded them.

King James Bible
And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took either of them his censer, and put fire therein, and put incense thereon, and offered strange fire before the LORD, which he commanded them not.

American Standard Version
And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took each of them his censer, and put fire therein, and laid incense thereon, and offered strange fire before Jehovah, which he had not commanded them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Nadab and Abiu, the sons of Aaron, taking their censers, put fire therein, and incense on it, offering before the Lord strange fire: which was not commanded them.

English Revised Version
And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took each of them his censer, and put fire therein, and laid incense thereon, and offered strange fire before the LORD, which he had not commanded them.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took each of them his censer, and put fire in it, and put incense on it, and offered strange fire before the LORD, which he commanded them not.

Leviticus 10:1 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Of the sacrifices of the nation, Aaron presented the sin-offering in the same manner as the first, i.e., the one offered for himself (Leviticus 9:8.). The blood of this sin-offering, which was presented for the congregation, was not brought into the holy place according to the rule laid down in Leviticus 7:16., but only applied to the horns of the altar of burnt-offering; for the same reason as in the previous case (Leviticus 9:8.), viz., because the object was not to expiate any particular sin, or the sins of the congregation that had been committed in the course of time and remained unatoned for, but simply to place the sacrificial service of the congregation in its proper relation to the Lord. Aaron was reproved by Moses, however, for having burned the flesh (Leviticus 10:16.), but was able to justify it (see at Leviticus 10:16-20). The sin-offering (Leviticus 9:16) was also offered "according to the right" (as in Leviticus 5:10). Then followed the meat-offering (Leviticus 9:17), of which Aaron burned a handful upon the altar (according to the rule in Leviticus 2:1-2). He offered this in addition to the morning burnt-offering (Exodus 29:39), to which a meat-offering also belonged (Exodus 29:40), and with which, according to Leviticus 6:12., the special meat-offering of the priests was associated. Last of all (Leviticus 9:18-21) there followed the peace-offering, which was also carried out according to the general rule. In המכסּה, "the covering" (Leviticus 9:19), the two fat portions mentioned in Leviticus 3:3 are included. The fat portions were laid upon the breast-pieces by the sons of Aaron, and then handed by them to Aaron, the fat to be burned upon the altar, the breast to be waved along with the right leg, according to the instructions in Leviticus 7:30-36. The meat-offering of pastry, which belonged to the peace-offering according to Leviticus 7:12-13, is not specially mentioned.

Leviticus 10:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Nadab

Leviticus 16:1 And the LORD spoke to Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they offered before the LORD, and died;

Leviticus 22:9 They shall therefore keep my ordinance, lest they bear sin for it, and die therefore, if they profane it: I the LORD do sanctify them.

Exodus 6:23 And Aaron took him Elisheba, daughter of Amminadab, sister of Naashon, to wife; and she bore him Nadab, and Abihu, Eleazar...

Exodus 24:1,9 And he said to Moses, Come up to the LORD, you, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel...

Exodus 28:1 And take you to you Aaron your brother, and his sons with him, from among the children of Israel...

Numbers 3:3,4 These are the names of the sons of Aaron, the priests which were anointed, whom he consecrated to minister in the priest's office...

Numbers 26:61 And Nadab and Abihu died, when they offered strange fire before the LORD.

censer

Leviticus 16:12 And he shall take a censer full of burning coals of fire from off the altar before the LORD...

Exodus 27:3 And you shall make his pans to receive his ashes, and his shovels, and his basins, and his meat hooks, and his fire pans...

Exodus 38:3 And he made all the vessels of the altar, the pots, and the shovels, and the basins, and the meat hooks, and the fire pans...

Numbers 16:6,7,17,46 This do; Take you censers, Korah, and all his company...

Hebrews 9:4 Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid round about with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had manna...

put incense

Exodus 30:1-9,34-36 And you shall make an altar to burn incense on: of shittim wood shall you make it...

Exodus 31:11 And the anointing oil, and sweet incense for the holy place: according to all that I have commanded you shall they do.

Exodus 37:29 And he made the holy anointing oil, and the pure incense of sweet spices, according to the work of the apothecary.

Exodus 40:27 And he burnt sweet incense thereon; as the LORD commanded Moses.

1 Kings 13:1,2 And, behold, there came a man of God out of Judah by the word of the LORD to Bethel: and Jeroboam stood by the altar to burn incense...

2 Chronicles 26:16-20 But when he was strong, his heart was lifted up to his destruction: for he transgressed against the LORD his God...

Psalm 141:2 Let my prayer be set forth before you as incense; and the lifting up of my hands as the evening sacrifice.

Jeremiah 44:8,15,19-21 In that you provoke me to wrath with the works of your hands, burning incense to other gods in the land of Egypt...

Luke 1:9-11 According to the custom of the priest's office, his lot was to burn incense when he went into the temple of the Lord...

Revelation 8:3-5 And another angel came and stood at the altar, having a golden censer; and there was given to him much incense...

strange

Leviticus 9:24 And there came a fire out from before the LORD, and consumed on the altar the burnt offering and the fat: which when all the people saw...

Leviticus 16:12 And he shall take a censer full of burning coals of fire from off the altar before the LORD...

Numbers 16:18,46 And they took every man his censer, and put fire in them, and laid incense thereon...

which

Exodus 30:9 You shall offer no strange incense thereon, nor burnt sacrifice, nor meat offering; neither shall you pour drink offering thereon.

Deuteronomy 4:2 You shall not add to the word which I command you, neither shall you diminish ought from it...

Deuteronomy 12:32 What thing soever I command you, observe to do it: you shall not add thereto, nor diminish from it.

Deuteronomy 17:3 And has gone and served other gods, and worshipped them, either the sun, or moon, or any of the host of heaven...

Jeremiah 7:31 And they have built the high places of Tophet, which is in the valley of the son of Hinnom...

Jeremiah 10:5 They are upright as the palm tree, but speak not: they must needs be borne, because they cannot go. Be not afraid of them...

Jeremiah 32:35 And they built the high places of Baal, which are in the valley of the son of Hinnom...

Bp. Hall says, `It is a dangerous thing, in the service of God, to decline from his institutions; we have to do with a God, who is wise to prescribe his own worship--just to require what he has prescribed--and powerful to avenge what he has not prescribed.'

Cross References
Exodus 6:23
Aaron took as his wife Elisheba, the daughter of Amminadab and the sister of Nahshon, and she bore him Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.

Exodus 24:1
Then he said to Moses, "Come up to the LORD, you and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel, and worship from afar.

Exodus 24:9
Then Moses and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel went up,

Leviticus 16:1
The LORD spoke to Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they drew near before the LORD and died,

Leviticus 16:12
And he shall take a censer full of coals of fire from the altar before the LORD, and two handfuls of sweet incense beaten small, and he shall bring it inside the veil

Numbers 3:2
These are the names of the sons of Aaron: Nadab the firstborn, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.

Numbers 3:4
But Nadab and Abihu died before the LORD when they offered unauthorized fire before the LORD in the wilderness of Sinai, and they had no children. So Eleazar and Ithamar served as priests in the lifetime of Aaron their father.

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