Leviticus 14:39
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And the priest shall come again on the seventh day, and look. If the disease has spread in the walls of the house,

King James Bible
And the priest shall come again the seventh day, and shall look: and, behold, if the plague be spread in the walls of the house;

American Standard Version
And the priest shall come again the seventh day, and shall look; and, behold, if the plague be spread in the walls of the house;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And returning on the seventh day, he shall look upon it. If he find that the leprosy is spread,

English Revised Version
and the priest shall come again the seventh day, and shall look: and, behold, if the plague be spread in the walls of the house;

Webster's Bible Translation
And the priest shall come again the seventh day, and shall look; and behold, if the plague is spread in the walls of the house;

Leviticus 14:39 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The law concerning the leprosy of houses was made known to Moses and Aaron, as intended for the time when Israel should have taken possession of Canaan and dwell in houses. As it was Jehovah who gave His people the land for a possession, so "putting the plague of leprosy in a house of the land of their possession" is also ascribed to Him (Leviticus 14:34), inasmuch as He held it over them, to remind the inhabitants of the house that they owed not only their bodies but also their dwelling-places to the Lord, and that they were to sanctify these to Him. By this expression, "I put," the view which Knobel still regards as probable, viz., that the house-leprosy was only the transmission of human leprosy to the walls of the houses, is completely overthrown; not to mention the fact, that throughout the whole description there is not the slightest hint of any such transmission, but the inhabitants, on the contrary, are spoken of as clean, i.e., free from leprosy, and only those who went into the house, or slept in the house after it had been shut up as suspicious, are pronounced unclean (Leviticus 14:46, Leviticus 14:47), though even they are not said to have been affected with leprosy. The only thing that can be gathered from the signs mentioned in Leviticus 14:37 is, that the house-leprosy was an evil which calls to mind "the vegetable formations and braid-like structures that are found on mouldering walls and decaying walls, and which eat into them so as to produce a slight depression in the surface."

(Note: Cf. Sommer (p. 220), who says, "The crust of many of these lichens is so marvellously thin, that they simply appear as coloured spots, for the most part circular, which gradually spread in a concentric form, and can be rubbed off like dust. Some species have a striking resemblance to eruptions upon the skin. There is one genus called spiloma (spots); and another very numerous genus bears the name of lepraria.")

Leviticus 14:39 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Leviticus 13:7,8,22,27,36,51 But if the scab spread much abroad in the skin, after that he has been seen of the priest for his cleansing...

The consideration of the circumstances will exhibit the importance and the propriety of the Mosaic ordinance on the subject of the house leprosy.

1. Moses ordained that the owner of a house, when any suspicious spots appeared on the walls, should be bound to give notice of it, in order that the house might be inspected; and that person, as in the case of the human leprosy, was to be the priest, whose duty it was. Now this would serve to check the mischief at its very origin, and make every one attentive to observe it.

2. On notice being given, the priest was to inspect the house, but the occupant had liberty to remove everything previously out of it; and that this might be done, the priest was empowered to order it {ex officio}; for whatever was found within a house declared unclean, became unclean along with it.

3. If, on the first inspection, the complaint did not appear wholly without foundation, but suspicious spots or dimples were actually to be seen, the house was to be shut up for seven days and then to be inspected anew. If, in this interval, the evil {did not} spread, it was considered as have been a circumstance merely accidental, and the house was not polluted; but if it {had} spread, it was not considered a harmless accident, but the real house leprosy; and the stones affected with it were to be broken out of the wall, and carried to an unclean place without the city, and the walls of the whole house here scraped and plastered anew.

4. If, after this, the leprosy broke out afresh, the {whole} house was to be pulled down, and the materials carried without the city. Moses therefore, never suffered a leprous house to stand.

5. If, on the other hand, the house being inspected a second time, was found clean, it was solemnly so declared, and offering made on the occasion; in order that every one might know for certain that it was not infected, and the public be freed from all fears on that score. By this law many evils were actually prevented--it would check the mischief in its very origin, and make every one attentive to observe it: the people would also guard against those impurities when it arose, and thus the healthy be preserved and not suffer in an infected house. These Mosaic statues were intended to prevent infection by the sacred obligations of religion. Ceremonial laws many keep more conscientiously and sacredly than moral precepts.

Cross References
Leviticus 14:38
then the priest shall go out of the house to the door of the house and shut up the house seven days.

Leviticus 14:40
then the priest shall command that they take out the stones in which is the disease and throw them into an unclean place outside the city.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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