Leviticus 16:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And Aaron shall cast lots over the two goats, one lot for the LORD and the other lot for Azazel.

King James Bible
And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for the scapegoat.

American Standard Version
And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for Jehovah, and the other lot for Azazel.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And casting lots upon them both, one to be offered to the Lord, and the other to be the emissary goat:

English Revised Version
And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for Azazel.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for the scape-goat.

Leviticus 16:8 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The chronological link connecting the following law with the death of the sons of Aaron (Leviticus 10:1-5) was intended, not only to point out the historical event which led to the appointment of the day of atonement, but also to show the importance and holiness attached to an entrance into the inmost sanctuary of God. The death of Aaron's sons, as a punishment for wilfully "drawing near before Jehovah," was to be a solemn warning to Aaron himself, "not to come at all times into the holy place within the vail, before the mercy-seat upon the ark," i.e., into the most holy place (see Exodus 25:10.), but only at the time to be appointed by Jehovah, and for the purposes instituted by Him, i.e., according to Leviticus 16:29., only once a year, on the day of atonement, and only in the manner prescribed in Leviticus 16:3., that he might not die. - "For I will appear in the cloud above the capporeth." The cloud in which Jehovah appeared above the capporeth, between the cherubim (Exodus 25:22), was not the cloud of the incense, with which Aaron was to cover the capporeth on entering (Leviticus 16:13), as Vitringa, Bhr, and others follow the Sadducees in supposing, but the cloud of the divine glory, in which Jehovah manifested His essential presence in the most holy place above the ark of the covenant. Because Jehovah appeared in this cloud, not only could no unclean and sinful man go before the capporeth, i.e., approach the holiness of the all-holy God; but even the anointed and sanctified high priest, if he went before it at his own pleasure, or without the expiatory blood of sacrifice, would expose himself to certain death. The reason for this prohibition is to be found in the fact, that the holiness communicated to the priest did not cancel the sin of his nature, but only covered it over for the performance of his official duties, and so long as the law, which produced only the knowledge of sin and not its forgiveness and removal, was not abolished by the complete atonement, the holy God was and remained to mortal and sinful man a consuming fire, before which no one could stand.

Leviticus 16:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

cast lots

Numbers 26:55 Notwithstanding the land shall be divided by lot: according to the names of the tribes of their fathers they shall inherit.

Numbers 33:54 And you shall divide the land by lot for an inheritance among your families: and to the more you shall give the more inheritance...

Joshua 18:10,11 And Joshua cast lots for them in Shiloh before the LORD...

1 Samuel 14:41,42 Therefore Saul said to the LORD God of Israel, Give a perfect lot. And Saul and Jonathan were taken: but the people escaped...

Proverbs 16:33 The lot is cast into the lap; but the whole disposing thereof is of the LORD.

Ezekiel 48:29 This is the land which you shall divide by lot to the tribes of Israel for inheritance, and these are their portions...

Jonah 1:7 And they said every one to his fellow, Come, and let us cast lots, that we may know for whose cause this evil is on us...

Acts 1:23-26 And they appointed two, Joseph called Barsabas, who was surnamed Justus, and Matthias...

scape goat [heb] Azazel, that is, the goat gone away The hebrew [] has been supposed by some to be the name of a place, either a mountain or cliff, to which the goat was led. but no place of that name has ever been pointed out, except a mountain near Sinai, which was too distant for the goat to be conducted there from Jerusalem. Other learned men think it was the name of the devil, who was worshipped by the heathen in the form of a goat. But Bp. Patrick justly objects to this opinion for it is difficult to conceive, that when the other goat was offered to God, this should be sent among demons. The more probable opinion seems to be, that it was name given to the goat itself, on account of his being let go; from {aiz}, and goat, and {azal}, to depart. So LXX. [], and Vulgate {emissarius} sent away; Aquila and Symmachus [], or []. {the goat going away, or dismissed}.

Cross References
Acts 1:26
And they cast lots for them, and the lot fell on Matthias, and he was numbered with the eleven apostles.

Leviticus 16:7
Then he shall take the two goats and set them before the LORD at the entrance of the tent of meeting.

Leviticus 16:9
And Aaron shall present the goat on which the lot fell for the LORD and use it as a sin offering,

Leviticus 16:10
but the goat on which the lot fell for Azazel shall be presented alive before the LORD to make atonement over it, that it may be sent away into the wilderness to Azazel.

Leviticus 16:26
And he who lets the goat go to Azazel shall wash his clothes and bathe his body in water, and afterward he may come into the camp.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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