Leviticus 16:8
Parallel Verses
New International Version
He is to cast lots for the two goats--one lot for the LORD and the other for the scapegoat.

King James Bible
And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for the scapegoat.

Darby Bible Translation
And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats: one lot for Jehovah, and the other lot for Azazel.

World English Bible
Aaron shall cast lots for the two goats; one lot for Yahweh, and the other lot for the scapegoat.

Young's Literal Translation
'And Aaron hath given lots over the two goats, one lot for Jehovah, and one lot for a goat of departure;

Leviticus 16:8 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats - The Jews inform us that there were two lots made either of wood, stone, or any kind of metal. On one was written לשם Lashshem, for the Name, i. e., יהוה Jehovah, which the Jews will neither write nor pronounce: on the other was written לעזאזל Laazazel, for the Scape-Goat: then they put the two lots into a vessel which was called קלפי kalpey, the goats standing with their faces towards the west. Then the priest came, and the goats stood before him, one on the right hand and the other on the left; the kalpey was then shaken, and the priest put in both his hands and brought out a lot in each: that which was in his right hand he laid on the goat that was on his right, and that in his left hand he laid on the goat that was on his left; and according to what was written on the lots, the scape-goat and the goat for sacrifice were ascertained. See the Mishna, in Tract. Yoma. The determining this solemn business by lot, the disposal of which is with the Lord, Proverbs 16:33, shows that God alone was to select and point out the person by whom this great atonement was to be made; hence he says: Behold I lay in Zion a stone, elect (that is, chosen by himself) and precious - of infinite value.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

cast lots

Numbers 26:55 Notwithstanding the land shall be divided by lot: according to the names of the tribes of their fathers they shall inherit.

Numbers 33:54 And you shall divide the land by lot for an inheritance among your families: and to the more you shall give the more inheritance...

Joshua 18:10,11 And Joshua cast lots for them in Shiloh before the LORD...

1 Samuel 14:41,42 Therefore Saul said to the LORD God of Israel, Give a perfect lot. And Saul and Jonathan were taken: but the people escaped...

Proverbs 16:33 The lot is cast into the lap; but the whole disposing thereof is of the LORD.

Ezekiel 48:29 This is the land which you shall divide by lot to the tribes of Israel for inheritance, and these are their portions...

Jonah 1:7 And they said every one to his fellow, Come, and let us cast lots, that we may know for whose cause this evil is on us...

Acts 1:23-26 And they appointed two, Joseph called Barsabas, who was surnamed Justus, and Matthias...

scape goat [heb] Azazel, that is, the goat gone away The hebrew [] has been supposed by some to be the name of a place, either a mountain or cliff, to which the goat was led. but no place of that name has ever been pointed out, except a mountain near Sinai, which was too distant for the goat to be conducted there from Jerusalem. Other learned men think it was the name of the devil, who was worshipped by the heathen in the form of a goat. But Bp. Patrick justly objects to this opinion for it is difficult to conceive, that when the other goat was offered to God, this should be sent among demons. The more probable opinion seems to be, that it was name given to the goat itself, on account of his being let go; from {aiz}, and goat, and {azal}, to depart. So LXX. [], and Vulgate {emissarius} sent away; Aquila and Symmachus [], or []. {the goat going away, or dismissed}.

Library
August 9. "He Shall Lay Both his Hands Upon the Head of the Live Goat, and Confess Over Him all the Iniquities of the Children of Israel; Transgressions and Sins" (Lev. xvi. 21).
"He shall lay both his hands upon the head of the live goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel; transgressions and sins" (Lev. xvi. 21). As any evil comes up, and the consciousness of any unholy thing touches our inner senses, it is our privilege at once to hand it over to the Holy Ghost and to lay it upon Jesus, as something already crucified with Him, and as of old, in the case of the sin offering, it will be carried without the camp and burned to ashes. There may
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

The Fact of the Redeemer's Return was Foreshadowed in the Ritual on the Annual Day of Israel's Atonement.
The order of events on the Day of Atonement are described in Leviticus 16, a chapter which is exceedingly rich in its typical signification. The Day of Atonement had to do with the putting away of Israel's sins, therefore, its dispensational application refers mainly to Israel though, as we shall see, the Church was also typically represented. We shall not now attempt anything more than a bare outline of the happenings of that most memorable day on Israel's sacred calendar. The order of its ritual
Arthur W. Pink—The Redeemer's Return

Desolation of the Earth
"Her sins have reached unto heaven, and God hath remembered her iniquities. . . . In the cup which she hath filled fill to her double. How much she hath glorified herself, and lived deliciously, so much torment and sorrow give her: for she saith in her heart, I sit a queen, and am no widow, and shall see no sorrow. Therefore shall her plagues come in one day, death, and mourning, and famine; and she shall be utterly burned with fire: for strong is the Lord God who judgeth her. And the kings of the
Ellen Gould White—The Great Controversy

The Cavils of the Pharisees Concerning Purification, and the Teaching of the Lord Concerning Purity - the Traditions Concerning Hand-Washing' and Vows. '
As we follow the narrative, confirmatory evidence of what had preceded springs up at almost every step. It is quite in accordance with the abrupt departure of Jesus from Capernaum, and its motives, that when, so far from finding rest and privacy at Bethsaida (east of the Jordan), a greater multitude than ever had there gathered around Him, which would fain have proclaimed Him King, He resolved on immediate return to the western shore, with the view of seeking a quieter retreat, even though it were
Alfred Edersheim—The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah

Cross References
Acts 1:26
Then they cast lots, and the lot fell to Matthias; so he was added to the eleven apostles.

Leviticus 16:7
Then he is to take the two goats and present them before the LORD at the entrance to the tent of meeting.

Leviticus 16:9
Aaron shall bring the goat whose lot falls to the LORD and sacrifice it for a sin offering.

Leviticus 16:10
But the goat chosen by lot as the scapegoat shall be presented alive before the LORD to be used for making atonement by sending it into the wilderness as a scapegoat.

Leviticus 16:26
"The man who releases the goat as a scapegoat must wash his clothes and bathe himself with water; afterward he may come into the camp.

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