Leviticus 24:16
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Whoever blasphemes the name of the LORD shall surely be put to death. All the congregation shall stone him. The sojourner as well as the native, when he blasphemes the Name, shall be put to death.

King James Bible
And he that blasphemeth the name of the LORD, he shall surely be put to death, and all the congregation shall certainly stone him: as well the stranger, as he that is born in the land, when he blasphemeth the name of the LORD, shall be put to death.

American Standard Version
And he that blasphemeth the name of Jehovah, he shall surely be put to death; all the congregation shall certainly stone him: as well the sojourner, as the home-born, when he blasphemeth the name of Jehovah , shall be put to death.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he that blasphemeth the name of the Lord, dying let him die: all the multitude shall stone him, whether he be a native or a stranger. He that blasphemeth the name of the Lord, dying let him die.

English Revised Version
And he that blasphemeth the name of the LORD, he shall surely be put to death; all the congregation shall certainly stone him: as well the stranger, as the homeborn, when he blasphemeth the name of the LORD, shall be put to death.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he that blasphemeth the name of the LORD, he shall surely be put to death, and all the congregation shall certainly stone him: as well the stranger, as he that is born in the land, when he blasphemeth the name of the LORD, shall be put to death.

Leviticus 24:16 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The account of the Punishment of a Blasphemer is introduced in the midst of the laws, less because "it brings out to view by a clear example the administration of the divine law in Israel, and also introduces and furnishes the reason for several important laws" (Baumgarten), than because the historical occurrence itself took place at the time when the laws relating to sanctification of life before the Lord were given, whilst the punishment denounced against the blasphemer exhibited in a practical form, as a warning to the whole nation, the sanctification of the Lord in the despisers of His name. The circumstances were the following: - The son of an Israelitish woman named Shelomith, the daughter of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan, and of an Egyptian whom the Israelitish woman had married, went out into the midst of the children of Israel, i.e., went out of his tent or place of encampment among the Israelites. As the son of an Egyptian, he belonged to the foreigners who had gone out with Israel (Exodus 12:38), and who probably had their tents somewhere apart from those of the Israelites, who were encamped according to their tribes (Numbers 2:2). Having got into a quarrel with an Israelite, this man scoffed at the name (of Jehovah) and cursed. The cause of the quarrel is not given, and cannot be determined. נקב: to bore, hollow out, then to sting, metaphorically to separate, fix (Genesis 30:28), hence to designate (Numbers 1:17, etc.), and to prick in malam partem, to taunt, i.e., to blaspheme, curse, equals קבב Numbers 23:11, Numbers 23:25, etc. That the word is used here in a bad sense, is evident from the expression "and cursed," and from the whole context of Leviticus 24:15 and Leviticus 24:16. The Jews, on the other hand, have taken the word נקב in this passage from time immemorial in the sense of ἐπονομάζειν (lxx), and founded upon it the well-known law, against even uttering the name Jehovah (see particularly Leviticus 24:16). "The name" κατ ̓ ἐξ. is the name "Jehovah" (cf. Leviticus 24:16), in which God manifested His nature. It was this passage that gave rise to the custom, so prevalent among the Rabbins, of using the expression "name," or "the name," for Dominus, or Deus (see Buxtorf, lex. talmud. pp. 2432ff.). The blasphemer was brought before Moses and then put into confinement, "to determine for them (such blasphemers) according to the mouth (command) of Jehovah." פּרשׁ: to separate, distinguish, then to determine exactly, which is the sense both here and in Numbers 15:34, where it occurs in a similar connection.

Leviticus 24:16 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

blasphemeth As the word {nakav} not only signifies to curse, or blaspheme, but also to express, or distinguish by name,

Numbers 1:17 And Moses and Aaron took these men which are expressed by their names:

1 Chronicles 12:31 And of the half tribe of Manasseh eighteen thousand, which were expressed by name, to come and make David king.

Isaiah 62:2 And the Gentiles shall see your righteousness, and all kings your glory: and you shall be called by a new name...

hence the Jews, at a very early period, understood this law as prohibiting them from uttering the name jehovah, on any other than sacred occasions. The Septuagint, which was made at least

250 years before Christ, renders it [], `Whosoever nameth the name of the Lord, let him die;' from which we see that the Jews at this time were accustomed to pronounce {adonay}, or Lord, instead of Jehovah; for in place of it the Septuagint always put [].

Exodus 20:7 You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that takes his name in vain.

1 Kings 21:10-13 And set two men, sons of Belial, before him, to bear witness against him, saying, You did blaspheme God and the king...

Psalm 74:10,18 O God, how long shall the adversary reproach? shall the enemy blaspheme your name for ever...

Psalm 139:20 For they speak against you wickedly, and your enemies take your name in vain.

Matthew 12:31 Why I say to you, All manner of sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven to men...

Mark 3:28,29 Truly I say to you, All sins shall be forgiven to the sons of men, and blasphemies with which soever they shall blaspheme...

John 8:58,59 Jesus said to them, Truly, truly, I say to you, Before Abraham was, I am...

John 10:33-36 The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone you not; but for blasphemy; and because that you, being a man...

Acts 26:11 And I punished them oft in every synagogue, and compelled them to blaspheme; and being exceedingly mad against them...

1 Timothy 1:13 Who was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious: but I obtained mercy, because I did it ignorantly in unbelief.

James 2:7 Do not they blaspheme that worthy name by the which you are called?

Cross References
Matthew 12:31
Therefore I tell you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven people, but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven.

Matthew 26:66
What is your judgment?" They answered, "He deserves death."

Mark 3:28
"Truly, I say to you, all sins will be forgiven the children of man, and whatever blasphemies they utter,

Mark 14:64
You have heard his blasphemy. What is your decision?" And they all condemned him as deserving death.

John 10:33
The Jews answered him, "It is not for a good work that we are going to stone you but for blasphemy, because you, being a man, make yourself God."

John 19:7
The Jews answered him, "We have a law, and according to that law he ought to die because he has made himself the Son of God."

Acts 7:58
Then they cast him out of the city and stoned him. And the witnesses laid down their garments at the feet of a young man named Saul.

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