Leviticus 24:17
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“Whoever takes a human life shall surely be put to death.

King James Bible
And he that killeth any man shall surely be put to death.

American Standard Version
And he that smiteth any man mortally shall surely be put to death.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He that striketh and killeth a man, dying let him die.

English Revised Version
And he that smiteth any man mortally shall surely be put to death;

Webster's Bible Translation
And he that killeth any man shall surely be put to death.

Leviticus 24:17 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The account of the Punishment of a Blasphemer is introduced in the midst of the laws, less because "it brings out to view by a clear example the administration of the divine law in Israel, and also introduces and furnishes the reason for several important laws" (Baumgarten), than because the historical occurrence itself took place at the time when the laws relating to sanctification of life before the Lord were given, whilst the punishment denounced against the blasphemer exhibited in a practical form, as a warning to the whole nation, the sanctification of the Lord in the despisers of His name. The circumstances were the following: - The son of an Israelitish woman named Shelomith, the daughter of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan, and of an Egyptian whom the Israelitish woman had married, went out into the midst of the children of Israel, i.e., went out of his tent or place of encampment among the Israelites. As the son of an Egyptian, he belonged to the foreigners who had gone out with Israel (Exodus 12:38), and who probably had their tents somewhere apart from those of the Israelites, who were encamped according to their tribes (Numbers 2:2). Having got into a quarrel with an Israelite, this man scoffed at the name (of Jehovah) and cursed. The cause of the quarrel is not given, and cannot be determined. נקב: to bore, hollow out, then to sting, metaphorically to separate, fix (Genesis 30:28), hence to designate (Numbers 1:17, etc.), and to prick in malam partem, to taunt, i.e., to blaspheme, curse, equals קבב Numbers 23:11, Numbers 23:25, etc. That the word is used here in a bad sense, is evident from the expression "and cursed," and from the whole context of Leviticus 24:15 and Leviticus 24:16. The Jews, on the other hand, have taken the word נקב in this passage from time immemorial in the sense of ἐπονομάζειν (lxx), and founded upon it the well-known law, against even uttering the name Jehovah (see particularly Leviticus 24:16). "The name" κατ ̓ ἐξ. is the name "Jehovah" (cf. Leviticus 24:16), in which God manifested His nature. It was this passage that gave rise to the custom, so prevalent among the Rabbins, of using the expression "name," or "the name," for Dominus, or Deus (see Buxtorf, lex. talmud. pp. 2432ff.). The blasphemer was brought before Moses and then put into confinement, "to determine for them (such blasphemers) according to the mouth (command) of Jehovah." פּרשׁ: to separate, distinguish, then to determine exactly, which is the sense both here and in Numbers 15:34, where it occurs in a similar connection.

Leviticus 24:17 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And he

Genesis 9:5,6 And surely your blood of your lives will I require; at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of man...

Exodus 21:12-14 He that smites a man, so that he die, shall be surely put to death...

Numbers 35:31 Moreover you shall take no satisfaction for the life of a murderer, which is guilty of death: but he shall be surely put to death.

Deuteronomy 19:11,12 But if any man hate his neighbor, and lie in wait for him, and rise up against him, and smite him mortally that he die...

killeth any man [heb] smiteth the life of a man

Cross References
Genesis 9:6
"Whoever sheds the blood of man, by man shall his blood be shed, for God made man in his own image.

Exodus 20:13
"You shall not murder.

Exodus 21:12
"Whoever strikes a man so that he dies shall be put to death.

Leviticus 24:21
Whoever kills an animal shall make it good, and whoever kills a person shall be put to death.

Numbers 35:16
"But if he struck him down with an iron object, so that he died, he is a murderer. The murderer shall be put to death.

Numbers 35:30
"If anyone kills a person, the murderer shall be put to death on the evidence of witnesses. But no person shall be put to death on the testimony of one witness.

Numbers 35:31
Moreover, you shall accept no ransom for the life of a murderer, who is guilty of death, but he shall be put to death.

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