Matthew 12:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
But when the Pharisees saw it, they said to him, “Look, your disciples are doing what is not lawful to do on the Sabbath.”

King James Bible
But when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto him, Behold, thy disciples do that which is not lawful to do upon the sabbath day.

American Standard Version
But the Pharisees, when they saw it, said unto him, Behold, thy disciples do that which it is not lawful to do upon the sabbath.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Pharisees seeing them, said to him: Behold thy disciples do that which is not lawful to do on the sabbath days.

English Revised Version
But the Pharisees, when they saw it, said unto him, Behold, thy disciples do that which it is not lawful to do upon the sabbath.

Webster's Bible Translation
But when the Pharisees saw it, they said to him, Behold, thy disciples do that which it is not lawful to do on the sabbath.

Weymouth New Testament
But the Pharisees saw it and said to Him, "Look! your disciples are doing what the Law forbids them to do on the Sabbath."

Matthew 12:2 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

What is not lawful

"On any ordinary day this would have been lawful; but on the Sabbath it involved, according to the Rabbinic statutes, at least two sins, viz., plucking the ears, which was reaping, and rubbing them in their hands (Luke 6:1), which was sifting, grinding, or fanning. The Talmud says: 'In case a woman rolls wheat to remove the husks, it is considered as sifting; if she rubs the heads of wheat, it is regarded as threshing; if she cleans off the side-adherencies, it is sifting out fruit; if she bruises the ears, it is grinding; if she throws them up in her hand, it is winnowing'" (Edersheim, "Life and Times of Jesus").

Matthew 12:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Behold.

Matthew 12:10 And, behold, there was a man which had his hand withered. And they asked him, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath days?...

Exodus 20:9-11 Six days shall you labor, and do all your work...

Exodus 23:12 Six days you shall do your work, and on the seventh day you shall rest: that your ox and your donkey may rest...

Exodus 31:15-17 Six days may work be done; but in the seventh is the sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD: whoever does any work in the sabbath day...

Exodus 35:2 Six days shall work be done, but on the seventh day there shall be to you an holy day, a sabbath of rest to the LORD...

Numbers 15:32-36 And while the children of Israel were in the wilderness, they found a man that gathered sticks on the sabbath day...

Isaiah 58:13 If you turn away your foot from the sabbath, from doing your pleasure on my holy day; and call the sabbath a delight...

Mark 3:2-5 And they watched him, whether he would heal him on the sabbath day; that they might accuse him...

Luke 6:6-11 And it came to pass also on another sabbath, that he entered into the synagogue and taught...

Luke 13:10-17 And he was teaching in one of the synagogues on the sabbath...

Luke 23:56 And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment.

John 5:9-11,16,17 And immediately the man was made whole, and took up his bed, and walked: and on the same day was the sabbath...

John 7:21-24 Jesus answered and said to them, I have done one work, and you all marvel...

John 9:14-16 And it was the sabbath day when Jesus made the clay, and opened his eyes...

Cross References
Matthew 12:3
He said to them, "Have you not read what David did when he was hungry, and those who were with him:

Matthew 12:10
And a man was there with a withered hand. And they asked him, "Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?"--so that they might accuse him.

Mark 2:24
And the Pharisees were saying to him, "Look, why are they doing what is not lawful on the Sabbath?"

Luke 6:2
But some of the Pharisees said, "Why are you doing what is not lawful to do on the Sabbath?"

Luke 13:14
But the ruler of the synagogue, indignant because Jesus had healed on the Sabbath, said to the people, "There are six days in which work ought to be done. Come on those days and be healed, and not on the Sabbath day."

Luke 14:3
And Jesus responded to the lawyers and Pharisees, saying, "Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath, or not?"

John 5:10
So the Jews said to the man who had been healed, "It is the Sabbath, and it is not lawful for you to take up your bed."

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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