Matthew 18:28
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
But when that same servant went out, he found one of his fellow servants who owed him a hundred denarii, and seizing him, he began to choke him, saying, ‘Pay what you owe.’

King James Bible
But the same servant went out, and found one of his fellowservants, which owed him an hundred pence: and he laid hands on him, and took him by the throat, saying, Pay me that thou owest.

American Standard Version
But that servant went out, and found one of his fellow-servants, who owed him a hundred shillings: and he laid hold on him, and took him by the throat, saying, Pay what thou owest.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But when that servant was gone out, he found one of his fellow servants that owed him an hundred pence: and laying hold of him, throttled him, saying: Pay what thou owest.

English Revised Version
But that servant went out, and found one of his fellow-servants, which owed him a hundred pence: and he laid hold on him, and took him by the throat, saying, Pay what thou owest.

Webster's Bible Translation
But the same servant went out, and found one of his fellow-servants, who owed him a hundred pence: and he laid hands on him, and took him by the throat, saying, Pay me what thou owest.

Weymouth New Testament
But no sooner had that servant gone out, than he met with one of his fellow servants who owed him 100 shillings; and seizing him by the throat and nearly strangling him he exclaimed, "'Pay me all you owe.'

Matthew 18:28 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Found

Either went in search of him, as he himself had been sought out by his lord, or came upon him accidentally in the street.

A hundred pence (ἑκατὸν δηνάρια)

Less than a millionth part of his own debt.

Took him by the throat (αὐτὸν ἔπνιγεν)

Lit., throttled. Wyc., strangled. Compare were choked, Mark 5:13. Creditors often dragged their debtors before the judge, as the Roman law allowed them to do, holding them by the throat. Thus Livy (4:53), relates how, a difficulty having arisen between the consul Valerius and one Menenius, the tribunes put an end to the contest, and the consul ordered into prison (collum torsisset, twisted the neck) the few who appealed. And Cicero ("Pro Cluentio," xxi.) "Lead him to the judgment-seat with twisted neck (collo obtorto)." Compare Cicero, "In C. Verrem," 4:10.

What thou owest (εἴ τι ὀφείλεις)

Lit., If thou owest anything. Not that the creditor is uncertain about the fact of the debt, though some uncertainty about the exact amount may be implied. This would agree with found, in the sense of coming upon accidentally. Compare Matthew 13:44. He came suddenly upon him and recognized him as a debtor, though not certain as to the amount of his debt. Meyer remarks, "The if is simply the expression of a pitiless logic. If thou owest anything (as thou dost) pay!" The word pay (ἀπόδος) is emphatic in position.

Matthew 18:28 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

an hundred. Rather, 'a hundred denarii,' as our penny does not convey one seventh of the meaning. This would amount to about

Matthew 18:3 And said, Truly I say to you, Except you be converted, and become as little children, you shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven.

? .2s .6d. English; which was not one six hundred thousandth part of the

10,000 talents, even calculating them as Roman talents.

pence. 'The Roman penny is the eighth part of an ounce, which after five shillings the ounce is sevenpence halfpenny.'

Matthew 20:2 And when he had agreed with the laborers for a penny a day, he sent them into his vineyard.

and took.

Deuteronomy 15:2 And this is the manner of the release: Every creditor that lends ought to his neighbor shall release it...

Nehemiah 5:7,10,11 Then I consulted with myself, and I rebuked the nobles, and the rulers, and said to them, You exact usury, every one of his brother...

Nehemiah 10:31 And if the people of the land bring ware or any victuals on the sabbath day to sell, that we would not buy it of them on the sabbath...

Isaiah 58:3 Why have we fasted, say they, and you see not? why have we afflicted our soul, and you take no knowledge? Behold...

Ezekiel 45:9 Thus said the Lord GOD; Let it suffice you, O princes of Israel: remove violence and spoil, and execute judgment and justice...

Cross References
Proverbs 28:3
A poor man who oppresses the poor is a beating rain that leaves no food.

Matthew 18:27
And out of pity for him, the master of that servant released him and forgave him the debt.

Matthew 18:29
So his fellow servant fell down and pleaded with him, 'Have patience with me, and I will pay you.'

Mark 6:37
But he answered them, "You give them something to eat." And they said to him, "Shall we go and buy two hundred denarii worth of bread and give it to them to eat?"

Mark 14:5
For this ointment could have been sold for more than three hundred denarii and given to the poor." And they scolded her.

Luke 7:41
"A certain moneylender had two debtors. One owed five hundred denarii, and the other fifty.

Luke 10:35
And the next day he took out two denarii and gave them to the innkeeper, saying, 'Take care of him, and whatever more you spend, I will repay you when I come back.'

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Bondman Debt Demanded Denarii Exclaimed Fellow Fellow-Bondmen Fellowservants Fellow-Servants Found Grabbed Hands Hold Hundred Meeting Met Nearly Owe Owed Owest Pay Payment Pence Seized Seizing Servant Servants Shillings Slave Sooner Strangling Throat
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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