Micah 2:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
They covet fields and seize them, and houses, and take them away; they oppress a man and his house, a man and his inheritance.

King James Bible
And they covet fields, and take them by violence; and houses, and take them away: so they oppress a man and his house, even a man and his heritage.

American Standard Version
And they covet fields, and seize them; and houses, and take them away: and they oppress a man and his house, even a man and his heritage.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they have coveted fields, and taken them by violence, and houses they have forcibly taken away: and oppressed a man and his house, a man and his inheritance.

English Revised Version
And they covet fields, and seize them; and houses, and take them away: and they oppress a man and his house, even a man and his heritage.

Webster's Bible Translation
And they covet fields, and take them by violence; and houses, and take them away: so they oppress a man and his house, even a man and his heritage.

Micah 2:2 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Their heartless worship would not arrest the flood of divine judgments, since Israel had from time immemorial been addicted to idolatry. Amos 5:25. "Have ye offered me sacrifices and gifts in the desert forty years, O house of Israel? Amos 5:26. But have ye borne the booth of your king and the pedestal of your images, the star of your gods, which ye made for yourselves? Amos 5:27. Then I will carry you beyond Damascus, saith Jehovah; God of hosts is His name." The connection between these verses and what precedes is explained by Hengstenberg thus: "All this (the acts of worship enumerated in Amos 5:21-23) can no more be called a true worship, than the open idolatry in the wilderness. Therefore (Amos 5:17) as in that instance the outwardly idolatrous people did not tread the holy land, so now will the inwardly idolatrous people be driven out of the holy land" (Dissertations on the Pentateuch, vol. i. p. 157 transl.). But if this were the train of thought, the prophet would not have omitted all reference to the punishment of the idolatrous people in the wilderness. And as there is no such allusion here, it is more natural to take Amos 5:25 and Amos 5:26, as Calvin does, and regard the reference to the idolatry of the people, which was practised even in the wilderness, as assigning a further reason for their exposure to punishment.

(Note: "In this place," says Calvin, "the prophet proves more clearly, that he is not merely reproving hypocrisy among the Israelites, or the fact that they only obtruded their external pomps upon the notice of God, without any true piety of heart, but he also condemns their departure from the precepts of the law. And he shows that this was not a new disease among the Israelitish people, since their fathers had mixed up such leaven as this with the worship of God from the very beginning, and had thereby corrupted that worship. He therefore shows that the Israelites had always been addicted to superstitions, and could not be kept in any way whatever to the true and innate worship of God.")

The question, "Have ye offered me sacrifices?" is equivalent to a denial, and the words apply to the nation as a whole, or the great mass of the people, individual exceptions being passed by. The forty years are used as a round number, to denote the time during which the people were sentenced to die in the wilderness after the rebellion at Kadesh, just as in Numbers 14:33-34, and Joshua 5:6, where this time, which actually amounted to only thirty-eight years, is given, as it is here, as forty years. And "the prophet could speak all the more naturally of forty years, since the germ of apostasy already existed in the great mass of the people, even when they still continued outwardly to maintain their fidelity to the God of Israel" (Hengstenberg). During that time even the circumcision of the children born in the thirty-eight years was suspended (see at Joshua 5:5-7), and the sacrificial worship prescribed by the law fell more and more into disuse, so that the generation that was sentenced to die out offered no more sacrifices. Zebhâchı̄m (slain-offerings) and minchâh (meat-offerings), i.e., bleeding and bloodless sacrifices, are mentioned here as the two principal kinds, to denote sacrifices of all kinds. We cannot infer from this that the daily sacrificial worship was entirely suspended: in Numbers 17:11, indeed, the altar-fire is actually mentioned, and the daily sacrifice assumed to be still in existence; at the same time, the event there referred to belonged to the time immediately succeeding the passing of the sentence upon the people. Amos mentions the omission of the sacrifices, however, not as an evidence that the blessings which the Lord had conferred upon the people were not to be attributed to the sacrifices they had offered to Him, As Ephraem Syrus supposes, nor to support the assertion that God does not need or wish for their worship, for which Hitzig appeals to Jeremiah 7:22; but as a proof that from time immemorial Israel has acted faithlessly towards its God, in adducing which he comprehends all the different generations of the people in the unity of the house of Israel, because the existing generation resembled the contemporaries of Moses in character and conduct.

Micah 2:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

they covet.

Exodus 20:17 You shall not covet your neighbor's house, you shall not covet your neighbor's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant...

1 Kings 21:2-19 And Ahab spoke to Naboth, saying, Give me your vineyard, that I may have it for a garden of herbs, because it is near to my house...

Job 31:38 If my land cry against me, or that the furrows likewise thereof complain;

Isaiah 5:8 Woe to them that join house to house, that lay field to field, till there be no place...

Jeremiah 22:17 But your eyes and your heart are not but for your covetousness, and for to shed innocent blood, and for oppression, and for violence...

Amos 8:4 Hear this, O you that swallow up the needy, even to make the poor of the land to fail,

Habakkuk 2:5-9 Yes also, because he transgresses by wine, he is a proud man, neither keeps at home, who enlarges his desire as hell, and is as death...

1 Timothy 6:10 For the love of money is the root of all evil: which while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith...

so.

Micah 3:9 Hear this, I pray you, you heads of the house of Jacob, and princes of the house of Israel, that abhor judgment...

Exodus 22:21-24 You shall neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for you were strangers in the land of Egypt...

2 Kings 9:26 Surely I have seen yesterday the blood of Naboth, and the blood of his sons, said the LORD; and I will requite you in this plat...

Nehemiah 5:1-5 And there was a great cry of the people and of their wives against their brothers the Jews...

Job 24:2-12 Some remove the landmarks; they violently take away flocks, and feed thereof...

Ezekiel 18:12 Has oppressed the poor and needy, has spoiled by violence, has not restored the pledge, and has lifted up his eyes to the idols...

Ezekiel 22:12 In you have they taken gifts to shed blood; you have taken usury and increase...

Amos 8:4 Hear this, O you that swallow up the needy, even to make the poor of the land to fail,

Malachi 3:5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers...

Matthew 23:14 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you devour widows' houses, and for a pretense make long prayer...

oppress. or, defraud.

1 Samuel 12:3,4 Behold, here I am: witness against me before the LORD, and before his anointed: whose ox have I taken? or whose donkey have I taken...

Cross References
1 Kings 21:1
Now Naboth the Jezreelite had a vineyard in Jezreel, beside the palace of Ahab king of Samaria.

Isaiah 5:8
Woe to those who join house to house, who add field to field, until there is no more room, and you are made to dwell alone in the midst of the land.

Jeremiah 22:17
But you have eyes and heart only for your dishonest gain, for shedding innocent blood, and for practicing oppression and violence."

Ezekiel 8:17
Then he said to me, "Have you seen this, O son of man? Is it too light a thing for the house of Judah to commit the abominations that they commit here, that they should fill the land with violence and provoke me still further to anger? Behold, they put the branch to their nose.

Ezekiel 22:13
"Behold, I strike my hand at the dishonest gain that you have made, and at the blood that has been in your midst.

Ezekiel 33:26
You rely on the sword, you commit abominations, and each of you defiles his neighbor's wife; shall you then possess the land?

Ezekiel 46:18
The prince shall not take any of the inheritance of the people, thrusting them out of their property. He shall give his sons their inheritance out of his own property, so that none of my people shall be scattered from his property."

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