Micah 7:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He will again have compassion on us; he will tread our iniquities underfoot. You will cast all our sins into the depths of the sea.

King James Bible
He will turn again, he will have compassion upon us; he will subdue our iniquities; and thou wilt cast all their sins into the depths of the sea.

American Standard Version
He will again have compassion upon us; he will tread our iniquities under foot; and thou wilt cast all their sins into the depths of the sea.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He will turn again, and have mercy on us: he will put away our iniquities: and he will cast all our sins into the bottom of the sea.

English Revised Version
He will turn again and have compassion upon us; he will tread our iniquities under foot: and thou wilt cast all their sins into the depths of the sea.

Webster's Bible Translation
He will turn again, he will have compassion upon us; he will subdue our iniquities; and thou wilt cast all their sins into the depths of the sea.

Micah 7:19 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Jonah sets out upon his journey; not to Nineveh, however, but to flee to Tarshish, i.e., Tartessus, a Phoenician port in Spain (see at Genesis 10:4 and Isaiah 23:1), "from the face of Jehovah," i.e., away from the presence of the Lord, out of the land of Israel, where Jehovah dwelt in the temple, and manifested His presence (cf. Genesis 4:16); not to hide himself from the omnipresent God, but to withdraw from the service of Jehovah, the God-King of Israel.

(Note: Marck has already correctly observed, that "this must not be understood as flight from the being and knowledge of God, lest we should attribute to the great prophet gross ignorance of the omnipresence and omniscience of God; but as departure from the land of Canaan, the gracious seat of God, outside which he thought, that possibly, at any rate at that time, the gift and office of a prophet would not be conferred upon him.")

The motive for this flight was not fear of the difficulty of carrying out the command of God, but, as Jonah himself says in Jonah 4:2, anxiety lest the compassion of God should spare the sinful city in the event of its repenting. He had no wish to co-operate in this; and that not merely because "he knew, by inspiration of the Holy Spirit, that the repentance of the Gentiles would be the ruin of the Jews, and, as a lover of his country, was actuated not so much by envy of the salvation of Nineveh, as by unwillingness that his own people should perish," as Jerome supposes, but also because he really grudged salvation to the Gentiles, and feared lest their conversion to the living God should infringe upon the privileges of Israel above the Gentile world, and put an end to its election as the nation of God.

(Note: Luther has already deduced this, the only true reason, from Jonah 4:1-11, in his Commentary on the Prophet Jonah: "Because Jonah was sorry that God was so kind, he would rather not preach, yea, would rather die, than that the grace of God, which was to be the peculiar privilege of the people of Israel, should be communicated to the Gentiles also, who had neither the word of God, nor the laws of Moses, nor the worship of God, nor prophets, nor anything else, but rather strove against God, and His word, and His people." But in order to guard against a false estimate of the prophet, on account of these "carnal, Jewish thoughts of God," Luther directs attention to the fact that "the apostles also held at first the carnal opinion that the kingdom of Christ was to be an outward one; and even afterwards, when they understood that it was to be a spiritual one, they thought that it was to embrace only the Jews, and therefore 'preached the gospel to the Jews only' (Acts 8), until God enlightened them by a vision from heaven to Peter (Acts 10), and by the public calling of Paul and Barnabas (Acts 13), and by wonders and signs; and it was at last resolved by a general council (Acts 15), that God would also show mercy to the Gentiles, and that He was the God of the Gentiles also. For it was very hard for the Jews to believe that there were any other people outside Israel who helped to form the people of God, because the sayings of the Scripture stop there and speak of Israel and Abraham's seed; and the word of God, the worship of God, the laws and the holy prophets, were with them alone.")

He therefore betook himself to Yāphō, i.e., Joppa, the port on the Mediterranean Sea (vid., comm. on Joshua 19:46), and there found a ship which was going to Tarshish; and having paid the sekhârâh, the hire of the ship, i.e., the fare for the passage, embarked "to go with them (i.e., the sailors) to Tarshish."

Micah 7:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

turn.

Deuteronomy 30:3 That then the LORD your God will turn your captivity, and have compassion on you, and will return and gather you from all the nations...

Deuteronomy 32:36 For the LORD shall judge his people, and repent himself for his servants, when he sees that their power is gone...

Ezra 9:8,9 And now for a little space grace has been showed from the LORD our God, to leave us a remnant to escape...

Psalm 90:13,14 Return, O LORD, how long? and let it repent you concerning your servants...

Isaiah 63:15-17 Look down from heaven, and behold from the habitation of your holiness and of your glory: where is your zeal and your strength...

Jeremiah 31:20 Is Ephraim my dear son? is he a pleasant child? for since I spoke against him, I do earnestly remember him still...

Lamentations 3:32 But though he cause grief, yet will he have compassion according to the multitude of his mercies.

Hosea 14:4 I will heal their backsliding, I will love them freely: for my anger is turned away from him.

subdue.

Deuteronomy 30:6 And the LORD your God will circumcise your heart, and the heart of your seed, to love the LORD your God with all your heart...

Psalm 130:8 And he shall redeem Israel from all his iniquities.

Ezekiel 11:19,20 And I will give them one heart, and I will put a new spirit within you; and I will take the stony heart out of their flesh...

Ezekiel 36:25-27 Then will I sprinkle clean water on you, and you shall be clean: from all your filthiness, and from all your idols, will I cleanse you...

Romans 6:14,17-22 For sin shall not have dominion over you: for you are not under the law, but under grace...

Romans 7:23-25 But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind...

Romans 8:2,3,13 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made me free from the law of sin and death...

Titus 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify to himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.

James 4:5,6 Do you think that the scripture said in vain, The spirit that dwells in us lusts to envy...

1 John 3:8 He that commits sin is of the devil; for the devil sins from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested...

cast.

Psalm 103:12 As far as the east is from the west, so far has he removed our transgressions from us.

Isaiah 38:17 Behold, for peace I had great bitterness: but you have in love to my soul delivered it from the pit of corruption...

Jeremiah 50:20 In those days, and in that time, said the LORD, the iniquity of Israel shall be sought for, and there shall be none...

Daniel 9:24 Seventy weeks are determined on your people and on your holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins...

Cross References
Hebrews 8:12
For I will be merciful toward their iniquities, and I will remember their sins no more."

Isaiah 33:24
And no inhabitant will say, "I am sick"; the people who dwell there will be forgiven their iniquity.

Isaiah 38:17
Behold, it was for my welfare that I had great bitterness; but in love you have delivered my life from the pit of destruction, for you have cast all my sins behind your back.

Isaiah 43:25
"I, I am he who blots out your transgressions for my own sake, and I will not remember your sins.

Jeremiah 31:34
And no longer shall each one teach his neighbor and each his brother, saying, 'Know the LORD,' for they shall all know me, from the least of them to the greatest, declares the LORD. For I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more."

Jeremiah 33:8
I will cleanse them from all the guilt of their sin against me, and I will forgive all the guilt of their sin and rebellion against me.

Jeremiah 50:20
In those days and in that time, declares the LORD, iniquity shall be sought in Israel, and there shall be none, and sin in Judah, and none shall be found, for I will pardon those whom I leave as a remnant.

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