Micah 7:20
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
You will show faithfulness to Jacob and steadfast love to Abraham, as you have sworn to our fathers from the days of old.

King James Bible
Thou wilt perform the truth to Jacob, and the mercy to Abraham, which thou hast sworn unto our fathers from the days of old.

American Standard Version
Thou wilt perform the truth to Jacob, and the lovingkindness to Abraham, which thou hast sworn unto our fathers from the days of old.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou wilt perform the truth of Jacob, the mercy to Abraham: which thou hast sworn to our fathers from the days of old.

English Revised Version
Thou wilt perform the truth to Jacob, and the mercy to Abraham, which thou hast sworn unto our fathers from the days of old.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou wilt perform the truth to Jacob, and the mercy to Abraham, which thou hast sworn to our fathers from the days of old.

Micah 7:20 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Jonah's foolish hope of being able to escape from the Lord was disappointed. "Jehovah threw a great wind (i.e., a violent wind) upon the sea." A mighty tempest (סער, rendered appropriately κλύδων by the lxx) arose, so that "the ship thought to be dashed to pieces," i.e., to be wrecked (השּׁב used of inanimate things, equivalent to "was very nearly" wrecked). In this danger the seamen (mallâch, a denom. of melach, the salt flood) cried for help, "every one to his god." They were heathen, and probably for the most part Phoenicians, but from different places, and therefore worshippers of different gods. But as the storm did not abate, they also resorted to such means of safety as they had at command. They "threw the waves in the ship into the sea, to procure relief to themselves" (להקל מעליהם as in Exodus 18:22 and 1 Kings 12:10). The suffix refers to the persons, not to the things. By throwing the goods overboard, they hoped to preserve the ship from sinking beneath the swelling waves, and thereby to lighten, i.e., diminish for themselves the danger of destruction which was so burdensome to them. "But Jonah had gone down into the lower room of the ship, and had there fallen fast asleep;" not, however, just at the time of the greatest danger, but before the wind had risen into a dangerous storm. The sentence is to be rendered as a circumstantial one in the pluperfect. Yarkethē hassephı̄nâh (analogous to harkethē habbayith in Amos 6:10) is the innermost part of the vessel, i.e., the lower room of the ship. Sephı̄nâh, which only occurs here, and is used in the place of אניּה, is the usual word for a ship in Arabic and Aramaean. Nirdam: used for deep sleep, as in Judges 4:21. This act of Jonah's is regarded by most commentators as a sign of an evil conscience. Marck supposes that he had lain down to sleep, hoping the better to escape either the dangers of sea and air, or the hand of God; others, that he had thrown himself down in despair, and being utterly exhausted and giving himself up for lost, had fallen asleep; or as Theodoret expresses it, being troubled with the gnawings of conscience and overpowered with mourning, he had sought comfort in sleep and fallen into a deep sleep. Jerome, on the other hand, expresses the idea that the words indicate "security of mind" on the part of the prophet: "he is not disturbed by the storm and the surrounding dangers, but has the same composed mind in the calm, or with shipwreck at hand;" and whilst the rest are calling upon their gods, and casting their things overboard, "he is so calm, and feels so safe with his tranquil mind, that he goes down to the interior of the ship and enjoys a most placid sleep." The truth probably lies between these two views. It was not an evil conscience, or despair occasioned by the threatening danger, which induced him to lie down to sleep; nor was it his fearless composure in the midst of the dangers of the storm, but the careless self-security with which he had embarked on the ship to flee from God, without considering that the hand of God could reach him even on the sea, and punish him for his disobedience. This security is apparent in his subsequent conduct.

Micah 7:20 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Genesis 12:2,3 And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you, and make your name great; and you shall be a blessing...

Genesis 17:7,8 And I will establish my covenant between me and you and your seed after you in their generations for an everlasting covenant...

Genesis 22:16-18 And said, By myself have I sworn, said the LORD, for because you have done this thing, and have not withheld your son, your only son...

Genesis 26:3,4 Sojourn in this land, and I will be with you, and will bless you; for to you, and to your seed, I will give all these countries...

Genesis 28:13,14 And, behold, the LORD stood above it, and said, I am the LORD God of Abraham your father, and the God of Isaac...

Psalm 105:8-10 He has remembered his covenant for ever, the word which he commanded to a thousand generations...

Jeremiah 33:25,26 Thus said the LORD; If my covenant be not with day and night, and if I have not appointed the ordinances of heaven and earth...

Luke 1:54,55,72-74 He has helped his servant Israel, in remembrance of his mercy...

Acts 3:25,26 You are the children of the prophets, and of the covenant which God made with our fathers, saying to Abraham...

Romans 11:26-31 And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer...

Hebrews 6:13-18 For when God made promise to Abraham, because he could swear by no greater, he swore by himself...

Cross References
Luke 1:72
to show the mercy promised to our fathers and to remember his holy covenant,

Genesis 24:27
and said, "Blessed be the LORD, the God of my master Abraham, who has not forsaken his steadfast love and his faithfulness toward my master. As for me, the LORD has led me in the way to the house of my master's kinsmen."

Genesis 32:10
I am not worthy of the least of all the deeds of steadfast love and all the faithfulness that you have shown to your servant, for with only my staff I crossed this Jordan, and now I have become two camps.

Deuteronomy 7:8
but it is because the LORD loves you and is keeping the oath that he swore to your fathers, that the LORD has brought you out with a mighty hand and redeemed you from the house of slavery, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt.

Deuteronomy 7:12
"And because you listen to these rules and keep and do them, the LORD your God will keep with you the covenant and the steadfast love that he swore to your fathers.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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