Nahum 2:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The scatterer has come up against you. Man the ramparts; watch the road; dress for battle; collect all your strength.

King James Bible
He that dasheth in pieces is come up before thy face: keep the munition, watch the way, make thy loins strong, fortify thy power mightily.

American Standard Version
He that dasheth in pieces is come up against thee: keep the fortress, watch the way, make thy loins strong, fortify thy power mightily.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He is come up that shall destroy before thy face, that shall keep the siege: watch the way, fortify thy loins, strengthen thy power exceedingly.

English Revised Version
He that dasheth in pieces is come up before thy face: keep the munition, watch the way, make thy loins strong, fortify thy power mightily.

Webster's Bible Translation
He that dasheth in pieces is come up before thy face: keep the munition, watch the way, make thy loins strong, fortify thy power mightily.

Nahum 2:1 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

3 Thou castedst me into the deep, into the heart of the seas,

And the stream surrounded me;

All Thy billows and Thy waves went over me.

4 Then I said, I am thrust away from Thine eyes,

Yet I will look again to Thy holy temple.

The more minute description of the peril of death is attached by Vav consec., to express not sequence in time, but sequence of thought. Jehovah cast him into the depth of the sea, because the seamen were merely the executors of the punishment inflicted upon him by Jehovah. Metsūlâh, the deep, is defined by "the heart of the seas" as the deepest abyss of the ocean. The plural yammı̄m (seas) is used here with distinct significance, instead of the singular, "into the heart of the sea" (yâm) in Exodus 15:8, to express the idea of the boundless ocean (see Dietrich, Abhandlung zur hebr. Grammatik, pp. 16, 17). The next clauses are circumstantial clauses, and mean, so that the current of the sea surrounded me, and all the billows and waves of the sea, which Jehovah had raised into a storm, went over me. Nâhâr, a river or stream, is the streaming or current of the sea, as in Psalm 24:2. The words of the second hemistich are a reminiscence of Psalm 42:8. What the Korahite singer of that psalm had experienced spiritually, viz., that one wave of trouble after another swept over him, that had the prophet literally experienced. Jonah "does not say, The waves and the billows of the sea went over me; but Thy waves and Thy billows, because he felt in his conscience that the sea with its waves and billows was the servant of God and of His wrath, to punish sin" (Luther). Jonah 2:4 contains the apodosis to Jonah 2:3: "When Thou castedst me into the deep, then I said (sc., in my heart, i.e., then I thought) that I was banished from the sphere of Thine eyes, i.e., of Thy protection and care." These words are formed from a reminiscence of Psalm 31:23, נגרשׁתּי being substituted for the נגרזתּי of the psalm. The second hemistich is attached adversatively. אך, which there is no necessity to alter into אך equals איך, as Hitzig supposes, introduces the antithesis in an energetic manner, like אכם elsewhere, in the sense of nevertheless, as in Isaiah 14:15; Psalm 49:16; Job 13:15 (cf. Ewald, 354, a). The thought that it is all over with him is met by the confidence of faith that he will still look to the holy temple of the Lord, that is to say, will once more approach the presence of the Lord, to worship before Him in His temple, - an assurance which recals Psalm 5:8.

The thought that by the grace of the Lord he has been once more miraculously delivered out of the gates of death, and brought to the light of the world, is carried out still further in the following strophe, in entirely new turns of thought.

Nahum 2:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

He that dasheth in pieces. or, The disperser, or, hammer.

Isaiah 14:6 He who smote the people in wrath with a continual stroke, he that ruled the nations in anger, is persecuted, and none hinders.

Jeremiah 25:9 Behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, said the LORD, and Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, my servant...

Jeremiah 50:23 How is the hammer of the whole earth cut asunder and broken! how is Babylon become a desolation among the nations!

Jeremiah 51:20-23 You are my battle ax and weapons of war: for with you will I break in pieces the nations, and with you will I destroy kingdoms...

keep.

Nahum 3:14,15 Draw you waters for the siege, fortify your strong holds: go into clay, and tread the mortar, make strong the brick kiln...

2 Chronicles 25:8 But if you will go, do it; be strong for the battle: God shall make you fall before the enemy: for God has power to help...

Jeremiah 46:3-10 Order you the buckler and shield, and draw near to battle...

Jeremiah 51:11,12 Make bright the arrows; gather the shields: the LORD has raised up the spirit of the kings of the Medes...

Joel 3:9-11 Proclaim you this among the Gentiles; Prepare war, wake up the mighty men, let all the men of war draw near; let them come up...

Cross References
Jeremiah 46:3
"Prepare buckler and shield, and advance for battle!

Jeremiah 51:20
"You are my hammer and weapon of war: with you I break nations in pieces; with you I destroy kingdoms;

Nahum 3:14
Draw water for the siege; strengthen your forts; go into the clay; tread the mortar; take hold of the brick mold!

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Advances Attacker Brace Bulwark Collect Crusher Dashes Dasheth Defences Face Fortify Fortress Gird Good Greatly Guard Increased Loins Maul Mightily Munition Nineveh Pieces Power Ramparts Road Scatters Strength Strengthen Strong Summon Waist Watch Watched Way
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