Numbers 15:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
and you offer to the LORD from the herd or from the flock a food offering or a burnt offering or a sacrifice, to fulfill a vow or as a freewill offering or at your appointed feasts, to make a pleasing aroma to the LORD,

King James Bible
And will make an offering by fire unto the LORD, a burnt offering, or a sacrifice in performing a vow, or in a freewill offering, or in your solemn feasts, to make a sweet savour unto the LORD, of the herd, or of the flock:

American Standard Version
and will make an offering by fire unto Jehovah, a burnt-offering, or a sacrifice, to accomplish a vow, or as a freewill-offering, or in your set feasts, to make a sweet savor unto Jehovah, of the herd, or of the flock;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And shall make an offering to the Lord, for a holocaust, or a victim, paying your vows, or voluntarily offering gifts, or in your solemnities burning a sweet savour unto the Lord, of oxen or of sheep:

English Revised Version
and will make an offering by fire unto the LORD, a burnt offering, or a sacrifice, to accomplish a vow, or as a freewill offering, or in your set feasts, to make a sweet savour unto the LORD, of the herd, or of the flock:

Webster's Bible Translation
And will make an offering by fire to the LORD, a burnt-offering, or a sacrifice in performing a vow, or in a free-will-offering, or in your solemn feasts, to make a sweet savor to the LORD, of the herd, or of the flock:

Numbers 15:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(cf. Deuteronomy 1:41-44). The announcement of the sentence plunged the people into deep mourning. But instead of bending penitentially under the judgment of God, they resolved to atone for their error, by preparing the next morning to go to the top of the mountain and press forward into Canaan. And they would not even suffer themselves to be dissuaded from their enterprise by the entreaties of Moses, who denounced it as a transgression of the word of God which could not succeed, and predicted their overthrow before their enemies, but went presumptuously (לעלות יעפּלוּ) up without the ark of the covenant and without Moses, who did not depart out of the midst of the camp, and were smitten by the Amalekites and Canaanites, who drove them back as far as Hormah. Whereas at first they had refused to enter upon the conflict with the Canaanites, through their unbelief in the might of the promise of God, now, through unbelief in the severity of the judgment of God, they resolved to engage in this conflict by their own power, and without the help of God, and to cancel the old sin of unbelieving despair through the new sin of presumptuous self-confidence, - an attempt which could never succeed, but was sure to plunge deeper and deeper into misery. Where "the top (or height) of the mountain" to which the Israelites advanced was, cannot be precisely determined, as we have no minute information concerning the nature of the ground in the neighbourhood of Kadesh. No doubt the allusion is to some plateau on the northern border of the valley mentioned in Numbers 14:25, viz., the Wady Murreh, which formed the southernmost spur of the mountains of the Amorites, from which the Canaanites and Amalekites came against them, and drove them back. In Deuteronomy 1:44, Moses mentions the Amorites instead of the Amalekites and Canaanites, using the name in a broader sense for all the Canaanites, and contenting himself with naming the leading foes with whom the Amalekites who wandered about in the Negeb had allied themselves, as Bedouins thirsting for booty. These tribes came down (Numbers 14:45) from the height of the mountain to the lower plateau or saddle, which the Israelites had ascended, and smote them and יכּתוּם (from כּתת, with the reduplication of the second radical anticipated in the first: see Ewald, 193, c.), "discomfited them, as far as Hormah," or as Moses expressed it in Deuteronomy 1:44, They "chased you, as bees do" (which pursue with great ferocity any one who attacks or disturbs them), "and destroyed you in Seir, even unto Hormah." There is not sufficient ground for altering "in Seir" into "from Seir," as the lxx, Syriac, and Vulgate have done. But בּשׂעיר might signify "into Seir, as far as Hormah." As the Edomites had extended their territory at that time across the Arabah towards the west, and taken possession of a portion of the mountainous country which bounded the desert of Paran towards the north (see at Numbers 34:3), the Israelites, when driven back by them, might easily be chased into the territory of the Edomites. Hormah (i.e., the ban-place) is used here proleptically (see at Numbers 21:3).

Numbers 15:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

will make

Exodus 29:18,25,41 And you shall burn the whole ram on the altar: it is a burnt offering to the LORD: it is a sweet smell...

Leviticus 1:2,3,9,13,17 Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them, If any man of you bring an offering to the LORD...

Leviticus 10:13 And you shall eat it in the holy place, because it is your due, and your sons' due, of the sacrifices of the LORD made by fire...

a burnt

Leviticus 1:1 And the LORD called to Moses, and spoke to him out of the tabernacle of the congregation, saying,

a sacrifice

Leviticus 7:16 But if the sacrifice of his offering be a vow, or a voluntary offering, it shall be eaten the same day that he offers his sacrifice...

Leviticus 22:18-23 Speak to Aaron, and to his sons, and to all the children of Israel, and say to them, Whatever he be of the house of Israel...

Deuteronomy 12:11 Then there shall be a place which the LORD your God shall choose to cause his name to dwell there...

performing. Heb. separating

Leviticus 27:2 Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them, When a man shall make a singular vow...

or in a free-will

Leviticus 22:21,23 And whoever offers a sacrifice of peace offerings to the LORD to accomplish his vow, or a freewill offering in beeves or sheep...

Deuteronomy 12:6,17 And thither you shall bring your burnt offerings, and your sacrifices, and your tithes, and heave offerings of your hand, and your vows...

Deuteronomy 16:10 And you shall keep the feast of weeks to the LORD your God with a tribute of a freewill offering of your hand...

in your

Numbers 28:16-19,27 And in the fourteenth day of the first month is the passover of the LORD...

Numbers 29:1,2,8,13 And in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall have an holy convocation; you shall do no servile work...

Leviticus 23:8,12,36 But you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD seven days: in the seventh day is an holy convocation...

Deuteronomy 16:1-17 Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover to the LORD your God...

a sweet

Genesis 8:21 And the LORD smelled a sweet smell; and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake...

Exodus 29:18 And you shall burn the whole ram on the altar: it is a burnt offering to the LORD: it is a sweet smell...

Matthew 3:17 And see a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.

Ephesians 5:2 And walk in love, as Christ also has loved us...

Philippians 4:18 But I have all, and abound: I am full, having received of Epaphroditus the things which were sent from you, an odor of a sweet smell...

the herd. Under the term bakar, are comprehended the ox, heifer, etc; and under tzon are included sheep and goats. The animals enjoined in the Levitical law are the very same which commanded Abraham to offer. Hence it is evident, that God delivered to the patriarchs an epitome of that law which was afterwards given in detail to Moses, the essence of which consisted in its sacrifices; and these sacrifices were of clean animals, the most perfect, useful, and healthy of all that are brought under the immediate government of man. Gross feeding and ferocious animals were all excluded, as well as all birds of prey.

Cross References
2 Corinthians 2:15
For we are the aroma of Christ to God among those who are being saved and among those who are perishing,

2 Corinthians 2:16
to one a fragrance from death to death, to the other a fragrance from life to life. Who is sufficient for these things?

Philippians 4:18
I have received full payment, and more. I am well supplied, having received from Epaphroditus the gifts you sent, a fragrant offering, a sacrifice acceptable and pleasing to God.

Genesis 8:21
And when the LORD smelled the pleasing aroma, the LORD said in his heart, "I will never again curse the ground because of man, for the intention of man's heart is evil from his youth. Neither will I ever again strike down every living creature as I have done.

Leviticus 1:2
"Speak to the people of Israel and say to them, When any one of you brings an offering to the LORD, you shall bring your offering of livestock from the herd or from the flock.

Leviticus 1:3
"If his offering is a burnt offering from the herd, he shall offer a male without blemish. He shall bring it to the entrance of the tent of meeting, that he may be accepted before the LORD.

Leviticus 1:9
but its entrails and its legs he shall wash with water. And the priest shall burn all of it on the altar, as a burnt offering, a food offering with a pleasing aroma to the LORD.

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