Philemon 1:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
I appeal to you for my child, Onesimus, whose father I became in my imprisonment.

King James Bible
I beseech thee for my son Onesimus, whom I have begotten in my bonds:

American Standard Version
I beseech thee for my child, whom I have begotten in my bonds, Onesimus,

Douay-Rheims Bible
I beseech thee for my son, whom I have begotten in my bands, Onesimus,

English Revised Version
I beseech thee for my child, whom I have begotten in my bonds, Onesimus,

Webster's Bible Translation
I beseech thee for my son Onesimus, whom I have begotten in my bonds:

Weymouth New Testament
I entreat you on behalf of my own child whose father I have become while in my chains--I mean Onesimus.

Philemon 1:10 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Ibeseech

Resuming the beseech of Plm 1:9. I beseech, Irepeat.

Onesimus (Ὁνήσιμον)

The name is withheld until Paul has favorably disposed Philemon to his request. The word means helpful, and it was a common name for slaves. The same idea was expressed by other names, as Chresimus, Chrestus (useful); Onesiphorus (profit-bringer, 2 Timothy 1:16); Symphorus (suitable). Onesimus was a runaway Phrygian slave, who had committed some crime and therefore had fled from his master and hidden himself in Rome. Under Roman law the slave was a chattel. Varro classified slaves among implements, which he classifies as vocalia, articulate speaking implements, as slaves; semivocalia, having a voice but not articulating, as oxen; muta, dumb, as wagons. The attitude of the law toward the slave was expressed in the formula servile caput nullum jus habet; the slave has no right. The master's power was unlimited. He might mutilate, torture, or kill the slave at his pleasure. Pollio, in the time of Augustus, ordered a slave to be thrown into a pond of voracious lampreys. Augustus interfered, but afterward ordered a slave of his own to be crucified on the mast of a ship for eating a favorite quail. Juvenal describes a profligate woman ordering a slave to be crucified. Some one remonstrates. She replies: "So then a slave is a man, is he! 'He has done nothing,' you say. Granted. I command it. Let my pleasure stand for a reason" (vi., 219). Martial records an instance of a master cutting out a slave's tongue. The old Roman legislation imposed death for killing a plough-ox; but the murderer of a slave was not called to account. Tracking fugitive slaves was a trade. Recovered slaves were branded on the forehead, condemned to double labor, and sometimes thrown to the beasts in the amphitheater. The slave population was enormous. Some proprietors had as many as twenty thousand.

Have begotten in my bonds

Made a convert while I was a prisoner.

Philemon 1:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

my son.

2 Samuel 9:1-7 And David said, Is there yet any that is left of the house of Saul, that I may show him kindness for Jonathan's sake...

2 Samuel 18:5 And the king commanded Joab and Abishai and Ittai, saying, Deal gently for my sake with the young man, even with Absalom...

2 Samuel 19:37,38 Let your servant, I pray you, turn back again, that I may die in my own city, and be buried by the grave of my father and of my mother...

Mark 9:17 And one of the multitude answered and said, Master, I have brought to you my son, which has a dumb spirit;

1 Timothy 1:2 To Timothy, my own son in the faith: Grace, mercy, and peace, from God our Father and Jesus Christ our Lord.

Titus 1:4 To Titus, my own son after the common faith: Grace, mercy, and peace, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ our Savior.

Onesimus.

Colossians 4:9 With Onesimus, a faithful and beloved brother, who is one of you. They shall make known to you all things which are done here.

whom.

1 Corinthians 4:15 For though you have ten thousand instructors in Christ, yet have you not many fathers...

Galatians 4:19 My little children, of whom I travail in birth again until Christ be formed in you,

Cross References
Romans 12:1
I appeal to you therefore, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, which is your spiritual worship.

1 Corinthians 4:14
I do not write these things to make you ashamed, but to admonish you as my beloved children.

1 Corinthians 4:15
For though you have countless guides in Christ, you do not have many fathers. For I became your father in Christ Jesus through the gospel.

Colossians 4:9
and with him Onesimus, our faithful and beloved brother, who is one of you. They will tell you of everything that has taken place here.

Philemon 1:11
(Formerly he was useless to you, but now he is indeed useful to you and to me.)

Philemon 1:13
I would have been glad to keep him with me, in order that he might serve me on your behalf during my imprisonment for the gospel,

3 John 1:4
I have no greater joy than to hear that my children are walking in the truth.

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