Proverbs 10:31
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The mouth of the righteous brings forth wisdom, but the perverse tongue will be cut off.

King James Bible
The mouth of the just bringeth forth wisdom: but the froward tongue shall be cut out.

American Standard Version
The mouth of the righteous bringeth forth wisdom; But the perverse tongue shall be cut off.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The mouth of the just shall bring forth wisdom: the tongue of the perverse shall perish.

English Revised Version
The mouth of the righteous bringeth forth wisdom: but the froward tongue shall be cut off.

Webster's Bible Translation
The mouth of the just bringeth forth wisdom: but the froward tongue shall be cut out.

Proverbs 10:31 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

There now follows a series of proverbs, broken by only one dissimilar proverb, on the immoveable continuance of the righteous:

25 When the storm sweeps past, it is no more with the wicked;

     But the righteous is a building firm for ever.

How Proverbs 10:25 is connected with Proverbs 10:24 is shown in the Book of Wisdom 5:15 (the hope of the wicked like chaff which the wind pursues). The Aram., Jerome, and Graec. Venet. interpret כ of comparison, so that the destruction of the godless is compared in suddenness and rapidity to the rushing past of a storm; but then רוּח ought to have been used instead of סוּפה; and instead of ואין רשׁע with the ו apodosis, a disturbing element in such a comparison, would have been used יחלף רשׁע, or at least רשׁע אין. The thought is no other than that of Job 21:18 : the storm, which is called סופה, from סוּף, to rush forth, is meant, as sweeping forth, and כ the temporal, as Exodus 11:4 (lxx παραπορευομένης καταιγίδος), with ו htiw ,)עןה apod. following, like e.g., after a similar member of a temporal sentence, Isaiah 10:25. סופה is a figure of God-decreed calamities, as war and pestilence, under which the godless sink, while the righteous endure them; cf. with 25a, Proverbs 1:27; Isaiah 28:18; and with 25b, Isaiah 3:25, Habakkuk 2:4; Psalm 91:1. "An everlasting foundation," since עולם is understood as looking forwards, not as at Isaiah 58:12, backwards, is a foundation capable of being shaken by nothing, and synecdoch. generally a building. The proverb reminds us of the close of the Sermon on the Mount, and finds the final confirmation of its truth in this, that the death of the godless is a penal thrusting of them away, but the death of the righteous a lifting them up to their home. The righteous also often enough perish in times of war and of pestilence; but the proverb, as it is interpreted, verifies itself, even although not so as the poet, viewing it from his narrow O.T. standpoint, understood it; for the righteous, let him die when and how he may, is preserved, while the godless perishes.

Proverbs 10:31 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

mouth

Proverbs 10:11,13,20,21 The mouth of a righteous man is a well of life: but violence covers the mouth of the wicked...

Psalm 37:30 The mouth of the righteous speaks wisdom, and his tongue talks of judgment.

the froward

Psalm 31:18 Let the lying lips be put to silence; which speak grievous things proudly and contemptuously against the righteous.

Psalm 63:11 But the king shall rejoice in God; every one that swears by him shall glory: but the mouth of them that speak lies shall be stopped.

Psalm 120:3,4 What shall be given to you? or what shall be done to you, you false tongue...

Cross References
Psalm 37:30
The mouth of the righteous utters wisdom, and his tongue speaks justice.

Proverbs 10:13
On the lips of him who has understanding, wisdom is found, but a rod is for the back of him who lacks sense.

Proverbs 17:20
A man of crooked heart does not discover good, and one with a dishonest tongue falls into calamity.

Proverbs 31:26
She opens her mouth with wisdom, and the teaching of kindness is on her tongue.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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