Proverbs 14:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The heart knows its own bitterness, and no stranger shares its joy.

King James Bible
The heart knoweth his own bitterness; and a stranger doth not intermeddle with his joy.

American Standard Version
The heart knoweth its own bitterness; And a stranger doth not intermeddle with its joy.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The heart that knoweth the bitterness of his own soul, in his joy the stranger shall not intermeddle.

English Revised Version
The heart knoweth its own bitterness; and a stranger doth not intermeddle with its joy.

Webster's Bible Translation
The heart knoweth its own bitterness; and a stranger doth not intermeddle with its joy.

Proverbs 14:10 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The switch and the preserving, Proverbs 14:3, may have given occasion to the collector, amid the store of proverbs before him, now to present the agricultural figure:

Without oxen the crib is empty;

But rich increase is by the strength of the plough-ox.

This is a commendation of the breeding of cattle, but standing here certainly not merely as useful knowledge, but as an admonition to the treatment in a careful, gentle manner, and with thankful recompense of the ox (Proverbs 12:10), which God has subjected to man to help him in his labour, and more generally, in so far as one seeks to gain an object, to the considerate adoption of the right means for gaining it. אלפים (from אלף, to cling to) are the cattle giving themselves willingly to the service of men (poet. equivalent to בּקרים). שׁור (תּור, Arab. thwr), Ved. sthûras, is the Aryan-Semitic name of the plough-ox. The noun אבוּס ( equals אבוּס like אטוּן, אמוּן) denotes the fodder-trough, from אבס, to feed, and thus perhaps as to its root-meaning related to φάτνη (πάτνη), and may thus also designate the receptacle for grain where the corn for the provender or feeding of the cattle is preserved - מאבוּס, Jeremiah 50:26, at least has this wider signification of the granary; but there exists no reason to depart here from the nearest signification of the word: if a husbandman is not thoughtful about the care and support of the cattle by which he is assisted in his labour, then the crib is empty - he has nothing to heap up; he needs not only fodder, but has also nothing. בּר (in pause בּר), clean (synon. נקי, cf. at Proverbs 11:26), corresponds with our baar [bare] equals bloss [nudus]. Its derivation is obscure. The בּ, 4b, is that of the mediating cause: by the strength of the plough-ox there is a fulness of grain gathered into the barn (תּבוּאות, from בּוא, to gather in, anything gathered in). רב־ is the inverted בּר. Striking if also accidental is the frequency of the א and ב in Proverbs 14:4. This is continued in Proverbs 14:5, where the collector gives two proverbs, the first of which commences with a word beginning with א, and the second with one beginning with ב:

Proverbs 14:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Proverbs 15:13 A merry heart makes a cheerful countenance: but by sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken.

Proverbs 18:14 The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; but a wounded spirit who can bear?

1 Samuel 1:10 And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed to the LORD, and wept sore.

2 Kings 4:27 And when she came to the man of God to the hill, she caught him by the feet: but Gehazi came near to thrust her away...

Job 6:2-4 Oh that my grief were thoroughly weighed, and my calamity laid in the balances together!...

Job 7:11 Therefore I will not refrain my mouth; I will speak in the anguish of my spirit; I will complain in the bitterness of my soul.

Job 9:18 He will not suffer me to take my breath, but fills me with bitterness.

Job 10:1 My soul is weary of my life; I will leave my complaint on myself; I will speak in the bitterness of my soul.

Ezekiel 3:14 So the spirit lifted me up, and took me away, and I went in bitterness, in the heat of my spirit...

Mark 14:33,34 And he takes with him Peter and James and John, and began to be sore amazed, and to be very heavy...

John 12:27 Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour: but for this cause came I to this hour.


Genesis 42:21 And they said one to another, We are truly guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the anguish of his soul, when he sought us...


Psalm 25:14 The secret of the LORD is with them that fear him; and he will show them his covenant.

John 14:18,23 I will not leave you comfortless: I will come to you...

Philippians 4:7 And the peace of God, which passes all understanding, shall keep your hearts and minds through Christ Jesus.

1 Peter 1:8 Whom having not seen, you love; in whom, though now you see him not, yet believing, you rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory:

Revelation 2:17 He that has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit said to the churches; To him that overcomes will I give to eat of the hidden manna...

Cross References
1 Samuel 1:10
She was deeply distressed and prayed to the LORD and wept bitterly.

Job 21:25
Another dies in bitterness of soul, never having tasted of prosperity.

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