Proverbs 14:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The evil bow down before the good, the wicked at the gates of the righteous.

King James Bible
The evil bow before the good; and the wicked at the gates of the righteous.

American Standard Version
The evil bow down before the good; And the wicked, at the gates of the righteous.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The evil shall fall down before the good: and the wicked before the gates of the just.

English Revised Version
The evil bow before the good; and the wicked at the gates of the righteous.

Webster's Bible Translation
The evil bow before the good; and the wicked at the gates of the righteous.

Proverbs 14:19 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

13 Even in the midst of laughter the heart experiences sadness;

     And to it, joy, the end is sorrow.

Every human heart carries the feeling of disquiet and of separation from its true home, and of the nothingness, the transitoriness of all that is earthly; and in addition to this, there is many a secret sorrow in every one which grows out of his own corporeal and spiritual life, and from his relation to other men; and this sorrow, which is from infancy onward the lot of the human heart, and which more and more depends and diversifies itself in the course of life, makes itself perceptible even in the midst of laughter, in spite of the mirth and merriment, without being able to be suppressed or expelled from the soul, returning always the more intensely, the more violently we may have for a time kept it under and sunk it in unconsciousness. Euchel cites here the words of the poet, according to which 13a is literally true:

"No, man is not made for joy;

Why weep his eyes when in heart he laughs?"

(Note: "Nein, der Mensch ist zur Freude nicht gemacht, Darum weint sein Aug' wenn er herzlich lacht.")

From the fact that sorrow is the fundamental condition of humanity, and forms the background of laughter, it follows, 13b, that in general it is not good for man to give himself up to joy, viz., sensual (worldly), for to it, joy, the end (the issue) is sorrow. That is true also of the final end, which according to that saying, μακάριοι οἱ κλαίοντες νῦν ὅτι γελάσετε, changes laughter into weeping, and weeping into laughter. The correction אחרית השּׂמחה (Hitzig) presses upon the Mishle style an article in such cases rejected, and removes a form of expression of the Hebr. syntaxis ornata, which here, as at Isaiah 17:6, is easily obviated, but which is warranted by a multitude of other examples, vid., at Proverbs 13:4 (also Proverbs 5:22), and cf. Philippi's Status Const. p. 14f., who regards the second word, as here שׂמהה, after the Arab., as accus. But in cases like שׂנאי שׁקר, although not in cases such as Ezra 2:62, the accus. rendering is tenable, and the Arab. does not at all demand it.

(Note: Regarding the supplying (ibdâl) of a foregoing genitive or accus. pronoun of the third person by a definite or indefinite following, in the same case as the substantive, Samachschar speaks in the Mufassal, p. 94ff., where, as examples, are found: raeituhu Zeidan, I have seen him, the Zeid; marartu bihi Zeidin, I have gone over with him, the Zeid; saraftu wugûhahâ awwalihâ, in the flight I smote the heads of the same, their front rank. Vid., regarding this anticipation of the definite idea by an indefinite, with explanations of it, Fleischer's Makkar, Additions et Corrections, p. xl. Colossians 2, and Dieterici's Mutanabbi, p. 341, l. 13.)

In the old Hebr. this solutio of the st. constr. belongs to the elegances of the language; it is the precursor of the vulgar post-bibl. אחרייהּ שׂל־שׂמחה. That the Hebr. may also retain a gen. where more or fewer parts of a sentence intervene between it and its governing word, is shown by such examples as Isaiah 48:9; Isaiah 49:7; Isaiah 61:7.

(Note: These examples moreover do not exceed that which is possible in the Arab., vid., regarding this omission of the mudâf, where this is supplied from the preceding before a genitive, Samachschar's Mufassal, p. 34, l. 8-13. Perhaps לחמך, Obadiah 1:7, of thy bread equals the (men) of thy bread, is an example of the same thing.)

Proverbs 14:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Genesis 42:6 And Joseph was the governor over the land, and he it was that sold to all the people of the land: and Joseph's brothers came...

Genesis 43:28 And they answered, Your servant our father is in good health, he is yet alive. And they bowed down their heads, and made obeisance.

Exodus 8:8 Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron, and said, Entreat the LORD, that he may take away the frogs from me, and from my people...

Exodus 9:27,28 And Pharaoh sent, and called for Moses and Aaron, and said to them, I have sinned this time: the LORD is righteous...

Exodus 11:8 And all these your servants shall come down to me, and bow down themselves to me, saying, Get you out...

2 Kings 3:12 And Jehoshaphat said, The word of the LORD is with him. So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat and the king of Edom went down to him.

Esther 7:7,8 And the king arising from the banquet of wine in his wrath went into the palace garden...

Psalm 49:14 Like sheep they are laid in the grave; death shall feed on them; and the upright shall have dominion over them in the morning...

Isaiah 60:14 The sons also of them that afflicted you shall come bending to you...

Micah 7:9,10,16,17 I will bear the indignation of the LORD, because I have sinned against him, until he plead my cause, and execute judgment for me...

Malachi 4:3 And you shall tread down the wicked; for they shall be ashes under the soles of your feet in the day that I shall do this...

Acts 16:39 And they came and sought them, and brought them out, and desired them to depart out of the city.

Revelation 3:9 Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie; behold...

Cross References
1 Samuel 2:36
And everyone who is left in your house shall come to implore him for a piece of silver or a loaf of bread and shall say, "Please put me in one of the priests' places, that I may eat a morsel of bread."'"

Proverbs 11:29
Whoever troubles his own household will inherit the wind, and the fool will be servant to the wise of heart.

Proverbs 14:18
The simple inherit folly, but the prudent are crowned with knowledge.

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