Proverbs 19:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
A king’s wrath is like the growling of a lion, but his favor is like dew on the grass.

King James Bible
The king's wrath is as the roaring of a lion; but his favour is as dew upon the grass.

American Standard Version
The king's wrath is as the roaring of a lion; But his favor is as dew upon the grass.

Douay-Rheims Bible
As the roaring of a lion, so also is the anger of a king: and his cheerfulness as the dew upon the grass.

English Revised Version
The king's wrath is as the roaring of a lion; but his favour is as dew upon the grass.

Webster's Bible Translation
The king's wrath is as the roaring of a lion; but his favor is as dew upon the grass.

Proverbs 19:12 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

6 Many stroke the cheeks of the noble;

   And the mass of friends belongeth to him who gives.

The phrase 'חלּות פּני פל signifies to stroke the face of any one, from the fundamental meaning of the verb חלה, to rub, to stroke, Arab. khala, with which the Heb., meaning to be sick, weak (viribus attritum esse), and the Arabic: to be sweet (properly laevem et politum, glabrum esse, or palatum demulcere, leniter stringere, contrast asperum esse ad gustum), are connected (Fl.). The object of such insinuating, humble suing for favour is the נדיב (from נדב, instigare), the noble, he who is easily incited to noble actions, particularly to noble-mindedness in bestowing gifts and in doing good, or who feels himself naturally impelled thereto, and spontaneously practises those things; cf. the Arab. krym, nobilis and liberalis (Fl.), and at Job 21:28; parall. אישׁ מתּן, a man who gives willingly, as אישׁ חמה, Proverbs 15:18, one who is easily kindled into anger. Many (רבּים, as Job 11:19) stroke the face of the liberal (Lat. caput mulcent or demulcent); and to him who gives willingly and richly belongs כל־הרע, the mass (the totality) of good friends, cf. Proverbs 15:17; there the art. of הרע, according to the manner of expression of the Arab. grammarians, stood for "the exhaustion of the characteristic properties of the genus": the friend who corresponds to the nature (the idea) of such an one; here it stands for "the comprehension of the individuals of the genus;" all that is only always friend. It lies near with Ewald and Hitzig to read וכלּה רע (and every one is friend...) (כלּה equals כלּו, as Jeremiah 8:10, etc.); but why could not כל־הרע be used as well as כל־האדם, perhaps with the sarcastic appearance which the above translation seeks to express? The lxx also had וכל הרע in view, which it incorrectly translates πᾶς δὲ ὁ κακός, whereby the Syr. and the Targ. are led into error; but מתּן is not one and the same with שׂחד, vid., Proverbs 18:6. On the contrary, there certainly lies before us in Proverbs 19:7 a mutilated text. The tristich is, as we have shown, vol. i, p. 15, open to suspicion; and the violence which its interpretation needs in order to comprehend it, as a formal part of 7ab, places it beyond a doubt, and the lxx confirms it that 7c is the remainder of a distich, the half of which is lost.

Proverbs 19:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Proverbs 16:14,15 The wrath of a king is as messengers of death: but a wise man will pacify it...

Proverbs 20:2 The fear of a king is as the roaring of a lion: whoever provokes him to anger sins against his own soul.

Proverbs 28:15 As a roaring lion, and a ranging bear; so is a wicked ruler over the poor people.

Esther 7:8 Then the king returned out of the palace garden into the place of the banquet of wine...

Ecclesiastes 8:4 Where the word of a king is, there is power: and who may say to him, What do you?

Daniel 2:12,13 For this cause the king was angry and very furious, and commanded to destroy all the wise men of Babylon...

Daniel 3:19-23 Then was Nebuchadnezzar full of fury, and the form of his visage was changed against Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego...

Daniel 5:19 And for the majesty that he gave him, all people, nations, and languages, trembled and feared before him: whom he would he slew...

Daniel 6:24 And the king commanded, and they brought those men which had accused Daniel, and they cast them into the den of lions, them...

Luke 12:4,5 And I say to you my friends, Be not afraid of them that kill the body, and after that have no more that they can do...


2 Samuel 23:4 And he shall be as the light of the morning, when the sun rises, even a morning without clouds...

Psalm 72:6 He shall come down like rain on the mown grass: as showers that water the earth.

Hosea 14:5 I will be as the dew to Israel: he shall grow as the lily, and cast forth his roots as Lebanon.

Cross References
Genesis 27:28
May God give you of the dew of heaven and of the fatness of the earth and plenty of grain and wine.

Deuteronomy 33:28
So Israel lived in safety, Jacob lived alone, in a land of grain and wine, whose heavens drop down dew.

Psalm 133:3
It is like the dew of Hermon, which falls on the mountains of Zion! For there the LORD has commanded the blessing, life forevermore.

Proverbs 16:14
A king's wrath is a messenger of death, and a wise man will appease it.

Proverbs 28:15
Like a roaring lion or a charging bear is a wicked ruler over a poor people.

Isaiah 18:4
For thus the LORD said to me: "I will quietly look from my dwelling like clear heat in sunshine, like a cloud of dew in the heat of harvest."

Hosea 14:5
I will be like the dew to Israel; he shall blossom like the lily; he shall take root like the trees of Lebanon;

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