Proverbs 19:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Wealth brings many new friends, but a poor man is deserted by his friend.

King James Bible
Wealth maketh many friends; but the poor is separated from his neighbour.

American Standard Version
Wealth addeth many friends; But the poor is separated from his friend.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Riches make many friends: but from the poor man, even they whom he had, depart.

English Revised Version
Wealth addeth many friends: but the poor is separated from his friend.

Webster's Bible Translation
Wealth maketh many friends; but the poor is separated from his neighbor.

Proverbs 19:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

22 Whatso hath found a wife hath found a good thing,

     And hath obtained favour from Jahve.

As ואהביה, 21b, reminds us of Proverbs 8:17, so here not only 22b, but also 22a harmonizes with Proverbs 8:35 (cf. Proverbs 12:2). A wife is such as she ought to be, as Proverbs 18:14, אישׁ, a man is such as he ought to be; the lxx, Syr., Targ., and Vulgate supply bonam, but "gnomic brevity and force disdains such enervating adjectives, and cautious limitations of the idea" (Fl.). Besides, אשׁה טובה in old Hebr. would mean a well-favoured rather than a good-dispositioned wife, which later idea is otherwise expressed, Proverbs 19:14; Proverbs 31:10. The Venet. rightly has γυναῖκα, and Luther ein Ehefraw, for it is a married woman that is meant. The first מצא is perf. hypotheticum, Gesen. 126, Anm. 1. On the other hand, Ecclesiastes 7:26, "I found, מוצא אני, more bitter than death the woman," etc.; wherefore, when in Palestine one married a wife, the question was wont to be asked: או מוצא מצא, has he married happily (after מצא of the book of Proverbs) or unhappily (after מוצא of Ecclesiastes) (Jebamoth 63b)?

(Note: Cf. Gendlau's Sprichwrter u. Redensarten deutsch-jdischer Vorzeit (1860), p. 235.)

The lxx adds a distich to Proverbs 18:22, "He that putteth away a good wife putteth away happiness; and he that keepeth an adulteress, is foolish and ungodly." He who constructed this proverb [added by the lxx] has been guided by מצא to מוציא (Ezra 10:3); elsewhere ἐκβάλλειν (γυναῖκα), Galatians 4:30, Sir. 28:15, is the translation of גּרשׁ. The Syr. has adopted the half of that distich, and Jerome the whole of it. On the other hand, Proverbs 18:23, Proverbs 18:24, and Proverbs 19:1-2, are wanting in the lxx. The translation which is found in some Codd. is that of Theodotion (vid., Lagarde).

Proverbs 19:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

maketh

Proverbs 19:6,7 Many will entreat the favor of the prince: and every man is a friend to him that gives gifts...

Proverbs 14:20 The poor is hated even of his own neighbor: but the rich has many friends.

Luke 15:13-15 And not many days after the younger son gathered all together, and took his journey into a far country...

the poor

Proverbs 10:15 The rich man's wealth is his strong city: the destruction of the poor is their poverty.

Job 6:15-23 My brothers have dealt deceitfully as a brook, and as the stream of brooks they pass away...

Job 19:13-17 He has put my brothers far from me, and my acquaintance are truly estranged from me...

Cross References
Proverbs 14:20
The poor is disliked even by his neighbor, but the rich has many friends.

Proverbs 19:5
A false witness will not go unpunished, and he who breathes out lies will not escape.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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