Proverbs 20:14
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“Bad, bad,” says the buyer, but when he goes away, then he boasts.

King James Bible
It is naught, it is naught, saith the buyer: but when he is gone his way, then he boasteth.

American Standard Version
It is bad, it is bad, saith the buyer; But when he is gone his way, then he boasteth.

Douay-Rheims Bible
It is nought, it is nought, saith every buyer: and when he is gone away, then he will boast.

English Revised Version
It is naught, it is naught, saith the buyer: but when he is gone his way, then he boasteth.

Webster's Bible Translation
It is naught, it is naught, saith the buyer: but when he is gone, then he boasteth.

Proverbs 20:14 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The following group begins with a royal proverb, which expresses what a king does with his eyes. Two proverbs, of the seeing eye and the necessary opening of the eyes, close it.

8 A king sitting on the seat of justice,

   Scattereth asunder all evil with his eyes.

Excellently the Venet. ἐπὶ θρόνου δίκης, for כּסּא־דין is the name of the seat of rectitude (the tribunal), as the "throne of grace," Hebrews 4:17, is the name of the capporeth as the seat of mercy; the seat of the judge is merely called כסא; on the other hand, כסא־דין is the contrast of כּסּא הוּות fo, Psalm 94:20 : the seat from which the decision that is in conformity with what is right (cf. e.g., Jeremiah 5:28) goes forth, and where it is sought. As little here as at Proverbs 20:26 is there need for a characterizing adj. to melek; but the lxx hits the meaning for it, understands such to דין: ὅταν βασιλεὺς δίκαιος καθίσῃ ἐπὶ θρόνου. By the "eyes" are we then to understand those of the mind: he sifts, dignoscit, with the eyes of the mind all that is evil, i.e., distinguishes it subjectively from that which is not evil? Thus Hitzig by a comparison of Psalm 11:4; Psalm 139:3 (where Jerome has eventilasti, the Vulg. investigasti). Scarcely correctly, for it lies nearer to think on the eyes in the king's head (vid., Proverbs 16:15); in that case: to winnow (to sift) means to separate the good and the bad, but first mediately: to exclude the bad; finally, Proverbs 20:26 leads to the conclusion that מזרה is to be understood, not of a subjective, but of an actual scattering, or separating, or driving away. Thus the penetrating, fear-inspiring eyes of the king are meant, as Immanuel explains: בראיית עיניו מבריחם מפניו ומפזר אותם בכל פיאה. But in this explanation the personal rendering of כּל־רע is incorrect; for mezareh, meant of the driving asunder of persons, requires as its object a plur. (cf. 26a). Col-ra is understood as neut. like Proverbs 5:14. Before the look of a king to whom it belongs to execute righteousness and justice (Isaiah 16:5), nothing evil stands; criminal acts and devices seen through, and so also judged by these eyes, are broken up and scattered to all the winds, along with the danger that thereby threatened the community. It is the command: "put away the evil" (Deuteronomy 13:6 [5]), which the king carries into effect by the powerful influence of his look. With col-ra there is connected the thought that in the presence of the heavenly King no one is wholly free from sin.

Proverbs 20:14 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

it is naught

Ecclesiastes 1:10 Is there any thing whereof it may be said, See, this is new? it has been already of old time, which was before us.

Hosea 12:7,8 He is a merchant, the balances of deceit are in his hand: he loves to oppress...

1 Thessalonians 4:6 That no man go beyond and defraud his brother in any matter: because that the Lord is the avenger of all such...

Cross References
Proverbs 20:13
Love not sleep, lest you come to poverty; open your eyes, and you will have plenty of bread.

Proverbs 20:15
There is gold and abundance of costly stones, but the lips of knowledge are a precious jewel.

Ezekiel 7:12
The time has come; the day has arrived. Let not the buyer rejoice, nor the seller mourn, for wrath is upon all their multitude.

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