Proverbs 21:17
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Whoever loves pleasure will be a poor man; he who loves wine and oil will not be rich.

King James Bible
He that loveth pleasure shall be a poor man: he that loveth wine and oil shall not be rich.

American Standard Version
He that loveth pleasure shall be a poor man: He that loveth wine and oil shall not be rich.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He that loveth good cheer, shall be in want: he that loveth wine, and fat things, shall not be rich.

English Revised Version
He that loveth pleasure shall be a poor man: he that loveth wine and oil shall not be rich.

Webster's Bible Translation
He that loveth pleasure shall be a poor man: he that loveth wine and oil shall not be rich.

Proverbs 21:17 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

11 When the scorner is punished, the simple is made wise;

     And when insight is imparted to a wise man, he receives knowledge.

The thought is the same as at Proverbs 19:25. The mocker at religion and virtue is incorrigible, punishment avails him nothing, but yet it is not lost; for as a warning example it teaches the simple, who might otherwise be easily drawn into the same frivolity. On the other hand, the wise man needs no punishment, but only strengthening and furtherance: if "instruction" is imparted to him, he embraces it, makes it his own דּעת; for, being accessible to better insight, he gains more and more knowledge. De Dieu, Bertheau, and Zckler make "the simple" the subject also in 11b: and if a wise man prospers, he (the simple) gains knowledge. But השׂכּיל ל, used thus impersonally, is unheard of; wherefore Hitzig erases the ל before חכם erofeb ל eh: if a wise man has prosperity. But השׂכיל does not properly mean to have prosperity, but only mediately: to act with insight, and on that account with success. The thought that the simple, on the one side, by the merited punishment of the mocker; on the other, by the intelligent prosperous conduct of the wise, comes to reflection, to reason, may indeed be entertained, but the traditional form of the proverb does not need any correction. השׂכּיל may be used not only transitively: to gain insight, Genesis 3:6; Psalm 2:10, and elsewhere, but also causatively: to make intelligent, with the accus. following, Proverbs 16:23; Psalm 32:8, or: to offer, present insight, as here with the dat.-obj. following (cf. Proverbs 17:26). Instead of בּענשׁ־, the Kametz of which is false, Codd. and good Edd. have, rightly, בּענשׁ־. Hitzig, making "the wise" the subject to בהשׂכיל (and accordingly "the scorner" would be the subject in 11a), as a correct consequence reads בּענשׁ equals בּהענשׁ. For us, with that first correction, this second one also fails. "Both infinitivi constr.," Fleischer remarks, "are to be taken passively; for the Semitic infin., even of transitive form, as it has no designation of gender, time, and person, is an indeterminate modus, even in regard to the generis verbi (Act. and Pass.)."

(Note: The Arab. National Grammarians, it is true, view the matter otherwise. When ḳatlu zydn, the putting to death of Zeid, is used in the sense of Zeid's becoming dead, according to their view the fâ'l (the gen. subjecti) is omitted; the full expression would be ḳatlu 'amrn zaydnâ. Since now 'amrn is omitted, zaydn has in the gen. form taken the place of the fâ'l, but this gen. is the representative of the acc. objecti. Without thus going round about, we say: it is the gen. objecti.)

To this proverb with u-behaskil there is connected the one that follows, beginning with maskil.

Proverbs 21:17 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Proverbs 21:20 There is treasure to be desired and oil in the dwelling of the wise; but a foolish man spends it up.

Proverbs 5:10,11 Lest strangers be filled with your wealth; and your labors be in the house of a stranger...

Proverbs 23:21 For the drunkard and the glutton shall come to poverty: and drowsiness shall clothe a man with rags.

Luke 15:13-16 And not many days after the younger son gathered all together, and took his journey into a far country...

Luke 16:24,25 And he cried and said, Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water...

1 Timothy 5:6 But she that lives in pleasure is dead while she lives.

2 Timothy 3:4 Traitors, heady, high minded, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God;


Cross References
Proverbs 23:21
for the drunkard and the glutton will come to poverty, and slumber will clothe them with rags.

Proverbs 21:18
The wicked is a ransom for the righteous, and the traitor for the upright.

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