Proverbs 21:18
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The wicked is a ransom for the righteous, and the traitor for the upright.

King James Bible
The wicked shall be a ransom for the righteous, and the transgressor for the upright.

American Standard Version
The wicked is a ransom for the righteous; And the treacherous cometh in the stead of the upright.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The wicked is delivered up for the just: and the unjust for the righteous.

English Revised Version
The wicked is a ransom for the righteous; and the treacherous cometh in the stead of the upright.

Webster's Bible Translation
The wicked shall be a ransom for the righteous, and the transgressor for the upright.

Proverbs 21:18 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

12 A righteous One marketh the house of the godless;

     He hurleth the godless to destruction.

If we understand by the word צדּיק a righteous man, then 12a would introduce the warning which he gives, and the unexpressed subject of 12b must be God (Umbreit). But after such an introitus, יהוה ought not to be wanting. If in 12a "the righteous man" is the subject, then it presents itself as such also for the second parallel part. But the thought that the righteous, when he takes notice of the house of the godless, shows attention which of itself hurls the godless into destruction (Lwenstein), would require the sing. רשׁע in the conclusion; also, instead of מסלּף the fut. יסלּף would have been found; and besides, the judicial סלּף (vid., regarding this word at Proverbs 11:3; Proverbs 19:3) would not be a suitable word for this confirmation in evil. Thus by צדיק the proverb means God, and מסלף has, as at Proverbs 22:12, Job 12:19, this word as its subject. "A righteous One" refers to the All-righteous, who is called, Job 34:17, "the All-just One," and by Rashi, under the passage before us, צדּיקו שׁל־עולם. Only do not translate with Bertheau and Zckler: the Righteous One (All-righteous), for (1) this would require הצּדּיק, and (2) הצדיק is never by itself used as an attributive designation of God. Rightly, Fleischer and Ewald: a Righteous One, viz., God. It is the indetermination which seeks to present the idea of the great and dreadful: a Righteous One, and such a Righteous One!

(Note: The Arabs call this indetermination âlnkrt lalt'ẓym wallthwyl. Vid., under Psalm 2:12.)

השׂכיל with על, Proverbs 16:20, or אל, Psalm 41:2; Nehemiah 8:13, here with ל, signifies to give attention to anything, to look attentively on it. The two participles stand in the same line: animum advertit ... evertit. Hitzig changes לבּית רשׁע into לבּיתו, and makes רשׁע the subject of 12b; but the proverb as it lies before us is far more intelligible.

Proverbs 21:18 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

wicked

Proverbs 11:8 The righteous is delivered out of trouble, and the wicked comes in his stead.

Isaiah 43:3,4 For I am the LORD your God, the Holy One of Israel, your Savior: I gave Egypt for your ransom, Ethiopia and Seba for you...

Isaiah 53:4,5 Surely he has borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted...

Isaiah 55:8,9 For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, said the LORD...

1 Peter 3:18 For Christ also has once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh...

Cross References
Proverbs 11:8
The righteous is delivered from trouble, and the wicked walks into it instead.

Isaiah 43:3
For I am the LORD your God, the Holy One of Israel, your Savior. I give Egypt as your ransom, Cush and Seba in exchange for you.

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