Proverbs 23:28
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
She lies in wait like a robber and increases the traitors among mankind.

King James Bible
She also lieth in wait as for a prey, and increaseth the transgressors among men.

American Standard Version
Yea, she lieth in wait as a robber, And increaseth the treacherous among men.

Douay-Rheims Bible
She lieth in wait in the way as a robber, and him whom she shall see unwary, she will kill.

English Revised Version
Yea, she lieth in wait as a robber, and increaseth the treacherous among men.

Webster's Bible Translation
She also lieth in wait as for a prey, and increaseth the transgressors among men.

Proverbs 23:28 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The parainesis begins anew, and the division is open to question. Proverbs 23:22-24 can of themselves be independent distichs; but this is not the case with Proverbs 23:25, which, in the resumption of the address and in expression, leans back on Proverbs 23:22. The author of this appendix may have met with Proverbs 23:23 and Proverbs 23:24 (although here also his style, as conformed to that of Proverbs 1:9, is noticeable, cf. 23b with Proverbs 1:2), but Proverbs 23:22 and Proverbs 23:25 are the form which he has given to them.

Thus Proverbs 23:22-25 are a whole: -

22 Hearken to thy father, to him who hath begotten thee,

     And despise not thy mother when she has grown old.

23 Buy the truth, and sell it not,

     Wisdom and discipline and understanding.

24 The father of a righteous man rejoiceth greatly;

     (And) he that is the father of a wise man - he will rejoice.

25 Let thy father and thy mother be glad;

     And her that bare thee exult.

The octastich begins with a call to childlike obedience, for שׁמע ל, to listen to any one, is equivalent to, to obey him, e.g., Psalm 81:9, Psalm 81:14 (cf. "hearken to his voice," Psalm 95:7). זה ילדך is a relative clause (cf. Deuteronomy 32:18, without זה or אשׁר), according to which it is rightly accentuated (cf. on the contrary, Psalm 78:54). 22b, strictly taken, is not to be translated neve contemne cum senuerit matrem tuam (Fleischer), but cum senuerit mater tua, for the logical object to אל־תּבוּז is attracted as subj. of זקנה (Hitzig). There now follows the exhortation comprehending all, and formed after Proverbs 4:7, to buy wisdom, i.e., to shun no expense, no effort, no privation, in order to attain to the possession of wisdom; and not to sell it, i.e., not to place it over against any earthly possession, worldly gain, sensual enjoyment; not to let it be taken away by any intimidation, argued away by false reasoning, or prevailed against by enticements into the way of vice, and not to become unfaithful to it by swimming with the great stream (Exodus 23:2); for truth, אמת, is that which endures and proves itself in all spheres, the moral as well as the intellectual. In 23b, in like manner as Proverbs 1:3; Proverbs 22:4, a threefold object is given to קנה instead of אמת: there are three properties which are peculiar to truth, the three powers which handle it: חכמה is knowledge solid, pressing into the essence of things; מוּסר is moral culture; and בּינה the central faculty of proving and distinguishing (vid., Proverbs 1:3-5). Now Proverbs 23:24 says what consequences are for the parents when the son, according to the exhortation of Proverbs 23:23, makes truth his aim, to which all is subordinated. Because in אמת the ideas of practical and theoretical truth are inter-connected. צדּיק and חכם are also here parallel to one another. The Chethı̂b of 24a is גּול יגוּל, which Schultens finds tenable in view of (Arab.) jal, fut jajûlu (to turn round; Heb. to turn oneself for joy) but the Heb. usus loq. knows elsewhere only גּיל יגיל, as the Kerı̂ corrects. The lxx, misled by the Chethı̂b, translates καλῶς ἐκτρέφει (incorrect ἐκτρυφήσει), i.e., גּדּל יגדּל. In 24b, וישׂמח is of the nature of a pred. of the conclusion (cf. Genesis 22:24; Psalm 115:7), as if the sentence were: has one begotten a wise man, then (cf. Proverbs 17:21) he has joy of him; but the Kerı̂ effaces this Vav apodosis, and assigns it to יולד as Vav copul. - an unnecessary mingling of the syntactically possible, more emphatic expression. This proverbial whole now rounds itself off in Proverbs 23:25 by a reference to Proverbs 23:22 - the Optative here corresponding to the Impr. and Prohib. there: let thy father and thy mother rejoice (lxx εὐφρανέσθω), and let her that bare thee exult (here where it is possible the Optat. form ותגל).

Proverbs 23:28 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

as for a prey or as a robber

Proverbs 2:16-19 To deliver you from the strange woman, even from the stranger which flatters with her words...

Proverbs 7:12,22-27 Now is she without, now in the streets, and lies in wait at every corner.)...

Proverbs 9:18 But he knows not that the dead are there; and that her guests are in the depths of hell.

Proverbs 22:14 The mouth of strange women is a deep pit: he that is abhorred of the LORD shall fall therein.

Judges 16:14 And she fastened it with the pin, and said to him, The Philistines be on you, Samson. And he awaked out of his sleep...

Ecclesiastes 7:26 And I find more bitter than death the woman, whose heart is snares and nets, and her hands as bands...

Jeremiah 3:2 Lift up your eyes to the high places, and see where you have not been lien with. In the ways have you sat for them...

increaseth

Numbers 25:1 And Israel stayed in Shittim, and the people began to commit prostitution with the daughters of Moab.

Hosea 4:11 Prostitution and wine and new wine take away the heart.

1 Corinthians 10:8 Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand.

Revelation 17:1,2 And there came one of the seven angels which had the seven vials, and talked with me, saying to me, Come here...

Cross References
Proverbs 6:26
for the price of a prostitute is only a loaf of bread, but a married woman hunts down a precious life.

Proverbs 7:12
now in the street, now in the market, and at every corner she lies in wait.

Ecclesiastes 7:26
And I find something more bitter than death: the woman whose heart is snares and nets, and whose hands are fetters. He who pleases God escapes her, but the sinner is taken by her.

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